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-Much information on how radio was developed -The beginning of radio in the Bahamas to present day radio

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peachie laing uri butler george robinson jasper haeward

19th Century Radio

Peachie Laing

Uri Butler

George Robinson

Jasper Haeward

radio in the nineteenth century
Radio in the Nineteenth Century
  • The nineteenth century marked the launching point, or the foundation of radio communication.
  • Without these inventions and discoveries that occurred during this age, the creation of radio would have been impossible or, at least, stagnated for a few more centuries.
1820 1840
1820-1840

1820: Hans Christian Ørsted revealed the relationship between electricity and magnetism in a very simple experiment. He demonstrated that a wire carrying a current was able to deflect a magnetized compass needle.

1831: Michael Faraday began a series of experiments in which he discovered electromagnetic induction. Faraday suggested that electromagnetic forces extended into the empty space around the conductor, but did not complete that work.

slide4

Michael Faraday

Hans Christian Ørsted

1850 1875
1850-1875

1860s: James Clerk Maxwell predicted the existence of radio waves He proved it with math, and published his findings in many papers. Much of this work was performed during his time at Kings College in London. His work was summarized in a book entitled "Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism."

1866: Mahlon Loomis successfully demonstrated "wireless telegraphy". He was able to make a meter that was connected to one kite cause another to move, marking the first known instance of wireless, aerial communication.

1850 1875 cont
July 30, 1872: Mahlon Loomis was issued a US patent for “Improved Telegraphing”.

1873: Maxwell, as a result of experiments, first described the theoretical basis of the propagation of electromagnetic waves in his paper, A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field.

1850-1875 (cont.)
slide7

Mahlon Loomis

James Clerk Maxwell

slide8

A Camelback Morse Key (1860)

Before radio, the main means of communication were either telegraph or messenger.

slide9

Edison’s Automatic Telegraph (1872)

one of the inventions that sparked the creation of wireless radio.

1875 1890
1875-1890

1877: Thomas Edison patents his talking machine.

1878: David E. Hughes was the first to transmit and receive radio waves when he noticed that his induction balance caused noise in the receiver of his homemade telephone.

1880: David Hughes demonstrated his discovery to the Royal Society, but was told it was merely induction—the production of voltage across a conductor within a moving or static magnetic field.

1884: Temistocle Calzecchi-Onesti in Italy invented a tube filled with iron filings, called a "coherer"--a primitive form of radio signal detector.

1875 1890 cont
1875-1890 (cont.)

1884 to 1886: Edouard Branly of France produced an improved version of the coherer.

1885: Thomas Edison took out a patent on a system of radio communication between ships, which he then sold to Guglielmo Marconi.

1886: Heinrich Rudolph Hertz demonstrated that rapid variations of electric current could be projected into space in the form of radio waves similar to those of light and heat.

1887: Emile Berliner, German, develops the gramophone and sophisticated microphone (his company is RCA Victor Records)

1890 1895
1890-1895

1893: In Missouri, Nikola Tesla gave a public demonstration of "wireless" radio communication. He addressed the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia, describing in detail the principles of radio communication.

The apparatus that he used contained all the elements that were incorporated into radio systems before the development of the "oscillation valve"; the early vacuum tube—a device used to control electrical current thru manipulation of electrons.

Afterwards, the principle of sending signals through space to receivers—radio communication— was publicized widely. Various scientists, inventors, and experimenters begin to investigate wireless methods.

slide15

Nikola Tesla

An early vacuum tube

1895 1905 cont
1895-1905 (cont.)

1895: Guglielmo Marconi—known as the father of sound— sent and received his first radio signal in Italy. He proved the plausibility of radio communication.

1899: Marconi flashed the first wireless signal across the English Channel and two years later received his first message.

1902: Marconi received the letter "S", telegraphed from England to Newfoundland. This was the first successful transatlantic radiotelegraph message.

slide17

Gugliemo Marconi

The “father of sound”

Marconi and associates raising the receiving antenna by kite at St. John's, Newfoundland in December, 1901

slide18

Bahamian Radio

in the

Past 50 Years

Peachie Laing

Uri Butler

George Robinson

Jasper Haeward

bahamian radio
Bahamian Radio

Radio was the first electronic mass medium

It was the first broadcast medium

It was the young people’s media

Radio is personal

Radio is mobile

bahamian radio 2
Bahamian Radio 2

Number of stations – 17

Penetration - 100% of population

Commercial time per hour - average 6-12 minutes

Audience peaks - morning/afternoon drive time, midday talk shows.

bahamian radio 3
Bahamian Radio 3

Over the years, some of the regulations and practices of radio that were used by American radio stations were adopted by Bahamian radio stations.

billings – dollars earned from the sale of airtime

deregulation – relaxation of ownership and other rules for radio and television

duopoly – one person or company owning and managing multiple radio stations in a single market

LPFM – low power FM – 10- to 100- watt nonprofit community radio stations with a reach of only a few miles

cover – recording of one artist’s music by another artist

Syndication – sale of radio or television content to stations on a market-by- market basis

bahamian radio 4
Bahamian Radio 4

Some of the new technologies afforded to Americans are currently available in the Bahamas.

DMX – digital music express – home delivery of audio by cable

DARS – digital audio radio service – direct home or automobile delivery of audio by satellite

Streaming – the simultaneous downloading and accessing (playing) of digital audio or video data

Digital recording – the recording of sound based on conversion of sound into binary code logged into millisecond intervals in a computerized translation process

Web radio – the delivery of radio over the Internet directly to individual listeners

Podcasting – recording and downloading of audio files stored on servers

bahamian radio 5
Bahamian Radio 5

MP3 – file compression software that permits streaming of digital audio and video data

Modem – a device that translates digital computer information into an analog form so it can be transmitted through telephone lines

Open source software – freely downloaded software

P2P – peer-to-peer software that permits direct Internet-based communication or collaboration between two or more personal computers while bypassing centralized servers

BitTorrent – file-sharing software that allows users to create “swarms” of data as they simultaneously download and upload bits of a file

bahamian radio 6
Bahamian Radio 6

As a result of the adoption of these regulations and practices, along with new technological advancements, the problems associated with them also arose.

Dominance of profit over artistry

Cultural homogenization; lack of individuality

Infringement upon artistic freedom

Promotion overshadows the music

Piracy- illegal downloading of files

bahamian radio 7
Bahamian Radio 7

Some regulations which were not adopted by Bahamian radio are greatly needed in our society today, to preserve individuality and wholesomeness of radio culture.

trustee model – in broadcast regulation, the idea that broadcasters serve as the public’s trustees or fiduciaries

spectrum scarcity - broadcast spectrum space is limited, so not everyone who wants to broadcast can; those who are granted licenses must accept regulation. It also ensures power.

works cited
Works Cited

http://inventors.about.com/od/rstartinventions/a/radio.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_radio#Radio.27s_prehistory_.2819th_century.29

http://www.google.com/patents?id=ayxCAAAAEBAJ&printsec=abstract&zoom=4&source=gbs_overview_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q=&f=false

http://www.radio-electronics.com/info/radio_history/radiohist/radio_history.php#top

All pictures from Wikipedia, unless listed on the next page.

other images cited
Other Images Cited

http://www.antiquehelper.com/auctionimages/26032t.jpg

http://history.sandiego.edu/gen/recording/images4/12040201va.jpg

http://www.hamradio.co.uk/acatalog/Camelback300.jpg

http://www.earlyofficemuseum.com/IMagesWWW/1872_Edison_Automatic_Telegraph_displayed_at_Centennial_Exhibition.jpg