‘NEW” I-PAD 2 / Laptops Pro- Consumer Camera Pocket Camera Camera How to shoot like a professional Palm / Handy Camera `Cellular Phone / FLIP Camera
The Digital Still Camera The Digital Still Camera – How It Works Before Example: - “Old School Camera” SLR - still digital picture camera Exposure How it works
The Video Camera The Video Camera = Still Camera + Recording Deck + = Recording deck Still camera Video camera 30 still picture frames per second = 30fps (video) 24 still picture frames per second = 24p (film) 60 still picture frames per second = 60p (HD Hi- Definition)
The Digital Camera The Digital Camera – How It Works ?
The Video Camera The Video Camera – How It Works Light (Day light / Light blub / Studio light / ) enters the camera lens
The Video Camera The Video Camera – How It Works … COMPUTER CHIP Light enters the lens and strikes CCD (control couple device or computer chip).
The Video Camera The Video Camera – How It Works Pictures and Sound Electrical Signal COMPUTER CHIP Light enters the lens and strikes CCD (control couple device or computer chip). The CCD creates an electrical signal, based on light input. On that electrical signal are pictures (30fps = 30 frames or pictures per second) and (audio) sound.
The Video Camera The Video Camera – How It Works picture and sound Electrical Signal Electrical Signal Light enters the lens and strikes CCD (control couple device). The CCD creates An electrical signal, based on light input. The electrical signal is recorded onto a mini DVC tape.
The Video Camera The Video Camera – How It Works Picture and Sound Motion Pictures Audio / Stereo Quality VIDEO AND SOUND
Media What we record video and sound to.., Film / Flash Cards / Hard Drives / DVD’s and Cd’s / Tape
Tape (media) • MiniDV and Mini HDV tape.
Flash Card (media) Record Still Images and Video Images
Film (media) OLD SCHOOL FILM VS NEW SCHOOL DIGITAL AND TAPE OLD SCHOOL
(Media Player) DVD PLAYERS / TAPE DECKS / PHONES / PADS / X-BOX / COMPUTERS
(Firewire - IEEE 1394 or USB) Media Transfer or Footage Transfer) Load Recorded Video from Deck or Camera to Computer Outstanding picture and sound quality IEEE`1394 (firewire) connector.
The Camera Lens (a) Lens come in different sizes… (b) Most have automatic focus (c) mm is millimeters - How far you can shot the Lens 15-50 mm = Short Lens 60-95 mm = Medium Lens 100-400 mm = Long Lens
Iris(Aperture) Shutter controls the opening and closing of the camera lens. Low light = Large aperture Bright light = Medium aperture VERY Bright light = Small aperture
Aperture – F-Stops • Controls the opening (aperture) of the lens. Purple part in the center is the shutter of the lens F-Stops The circle in the middle of the lens is the IRIS
Iris (Aperture) APERTURE - is the measurement of the opening of the lens Shutter – is the door or black part that close and opens to let light in Iris - is the opening of the Lens. The Higher the Aperture Less light small Iris. Smaller the number the more light big Iris.
Shutter – Shutter Speed The light measurement (shutter speed) that control how much light comes into the lens just like the aperture.
Exposure Iris + Aperture + Shutter + Shutter Speed = (Photo Exposure) Exposure determines how light or dark an image is. Perfect Exposure Over Exposure Under Exposure three main colors of light
What a Movie? • A movie is a narrative or occurrence recorded by a camera as a gallery of moving images and shown in a theatre or on television. It is a type of entertainment that tells a story by sound and a series of images creating an illusion of progressive movement.
Movie Production Notes Movie (Group of recorded Scenes or Acts held together with music effects and titles) Scene / Act (Part of the Movie) Takes (recording of a scene) Retakes (redo a recording scene or act again) Cuts (Stop the recording of a scene or act) Sound and Music (the glue that hold your movie together) A-Roll - main footage used and added to a movie B-Roll / Cut-Away (extra footage used and added to a movie to cover up your main video cameras (a-roll) cuts)
Camera Composition The Six Major Shots in Photography, Movies and Video Production Extreme Close-up Close –up / Head Shot Bust Shot Medium Shot Long Shot Establishment Shot / Wide Shot
Camera Composition The Five Tips for Camera Compsition The Rule of Thirds Don’t Chop the Head or the Chin Compose the Nose Lead Them On Beware of Bad Backgrounds
Camera Composition The Five Tips for Camera Compsition The Rule of Thirds Left vertical line Top right intersection Top horizontal Bottom horizontal
Camera Composition The Five Tips for Camera Composition Don’t chop the head or the chin
Camera Composition Compose the Nose – Leave Look Room / Breathing Room in your frame to see where your actor is looking. (Profile Shot) - is a side shot of your actor The Five Tips for Camera Compsition
Camera Composition Lead Them On- Leave Lead Room in your frame to see where your actor is going or coming from. The Five Tips for Camera Compsition
Camera Composition Beware of Bad Background (poles or trees coming out of peoples heads, trash on ground, people and colors of outfits blending into the background) The Five Tips for Camera Compsition
Camera Composition 2 – Shot Steady The Five Major Rules in Steady Video Camera Production Use a Tripod Keep Your Hands Off camera and tripod once you start recording) Find Substitute Support (sandbag, tabletop, desk, bench, car hood, ladders, chairs, ect.) Stand Steady – (lean against a wall, fence, sit on a chair, ect.) Zoom Out & Get Close
Camera Accessories Tripod: Use a tripod for steady, stable picture. Three leg device Mono Pole: Use a mono pole like a tripod. One leg device
Tripod Camcorder Movement • Crank: Raising and Lowering the tripod • Crank “Crank up” “Crank down”
Camera movements • Pan: • Pan Left • Pan right Tilt: Tilt up Tilt Down
Tripod Camcorder Movement • Truck “Truck Left” “Truck right” • Dolly “Dolly in” “Dolly out”
Viewfinder and View Screen Viewfinder – small video monitor mounted on camcorder, accessible by eyepiece View Screen- larger (2”-3” ) LCD monitor mounted on the back of your SLR cameras & Viewfinder View screen Never record without headphones “NEVER” !
Headphones Important for hearing audio while recording, especially if external microphone is attached. & Never record without headphones “NEVER” !
Camera Composition 3 The Five Tips for Shooting to Edit Set the Scene Cover your Cuts (add B-Roll / cut-away, titles, graphics) Shoot Multiple Takes Shoot Alternate Angles Make a Plan (create your storyboards ,treatments ,scripts)