Romantic Program Music. Instrumental music that has literary or pictorial associations: indicated by the title or by an explanatory note supplied by the composer. Program music. Concert overture A single-movement concert piece for orchestra based on a literary idea, i.e., Romeo and Juliet
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Instrumental music that has literary or pictorial associations: indicated by the title or by an explanatory note supplied by the composer
Most popular form was the symphony
No pictorial idea—merely abstract
Program Symphony (However, abstract type still composed)Symphony vs. Program symphony
"...[Let me tell you, you don't know what love is,
whatever you may say about feeling it deeply [for your friend].
For you, it's not that rage, that fury, that delirium which takes
possession of all one's faculties, which renders one capable of
anything. You would not be the man to lose yourself in pleasure
over the person you love. In that you are lucky, and I would never
want you to experience the unbearable suffering to which I have
fallen prey since your departure." Hector Berlioz
Musical Nationalism“I grew up in a quiet spot and was saturated from earliest childhood with the wonderful beauty of Russian popular song. I am therefore passionately devoted to every expression of the Russian spirit. In short, I am a Russian through and through!”
From Bohemia: Bedřich Smetana(1824-1884)“My compositions do not belong to the realm of absolute music, where one can get along well enough with musical signs and a metronome.”