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Romantic Music 1820-1900. Romantic Period. The Romantic period was a time when many composers explored the power of music to affect the emotions. Some composers used music to paint pictures in sound (orchestral pieces known as tone poems), often depicting vivid scenes from natures.

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romantic period
Romantic Period
  • The Romantic period was a time when many composers explored the power of music to affect the emotions.
  • Some composers used music to paint pictures in sound (orchestral pieces known as tone poems), often depicting vivid scenes from natures.
  • Some wrote pieces of extreme difficulty to impress their fans with technical skill.
  • Many composers included elements from their own national traditions in their music.
  • Chopin, for example, was born in Poland and wrote a number of works based on traditional Polish dance styles such as the mazurka and polonaise.
  • The Romantic period was also one of extremes, with music ranging from long works for huge numbers to short piano pieces and songs suitable for the growing market of music-making in the home.
slide3

In the classical period, balance and control were very important. In the Romantic period, expressing emotion became central to the music.

slide4

Instead of relying on the support from church and royalty, Romantic musicians began to get their income from the public by staging concerts and operas.

slide5

The Piano

  • The Piano was now very popular and was affordable to a larger number of people.
the orchestra
The Orchestra
  • During the romantic period, the Orchestra was expanded to include new brass and percussion instruments. These sections along with woodwind, were given more importance. They now played important parts themselves rather than just following what the string section was playing.
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The Classical Orchestra might include:

  • Woodwind
    • 2 Flutes
    • 2 Oboes
    • 2 Clarinets in B-flat,
    • 2 Bassons
  • Brass
    • 2 or 4 Horns(in any key)
    • 2 Trumpets (in any key)
  • Percussion
    • Timpani
  • Strings
    • 8 First Violins
    • 8 Second Violins
    • 6 Violas
    • 4 Cellos
    • 3 Double Basses

Percussion

    • Timpani

The Romantic Orchestra might include:

  • Woodwinds
    • Piccolo
    • 4 Flutes
    • 4 Oboes
    • CorAnglais
    • Clarinets in E-Flat
    • 4 Clarinets in B-flat,
    • Bass Clarinet
    • 4 Bassoons
    • Contrabassoon
  • Brass
    • 8 Horns in F
    • 5 Trumpets in C, B-flat, F
    • 4 Trombones (3 Tenor, Bass)
    • Tuba
  • Percussion
    • 2 Timpani
    • Snare Drum
    • Bass Drum
    • Cymbals
    • Tam-Tam (Gong)
    • Triangle
    • Tambourine
    • Glockenspiel
    • Xylophone
    • Chimes
  • Keyboards
    • Piano
  • Strings
    • 16 first Violins
    • 16 second Violins
    • 12 Violas
    • 12 Cellos
    • 10 Double Basses
    • 2 Harps
composition in the romantic period
Composition in the Romantic period
  • Existing structures such as the sonata and the symphony were further developed. New structures were also created. These include:
  • The tone poem, which was a large scale orchestral work usually based on a story or emotion.
  • The lied, which was written for piano and voice. A lied is an art song and can tell a story or describe an emotion.
  • Music that tells a story or evokes an emotion is often called programme music.
composers
Composers
  • Because of the increased accessibility of musical training, the Romantic period had a greater number of well known composers
  • Chopin
  • Mendelssohn
  • Wagner
  • Stravinsky
  • Lizst
  • Beethoven
  • Tchaikovsky
  • Shubert