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Plant-Based Diet The cheapest, fastest, easiest way to rapid planetary cooling. Be Veg so that we have time to Go Green and Save the Planet. Table of Contents `. Livestock: Over 50% of greenhouse emissions Methane: An under estimated emissions time bomb Meat, Dairy and Global Warming
Plant-Based Diet The cheapest, fastest, easiest way to rapid planetary cooling Be Veg so that we have time to Go Green and Save the Planet
Table of Contents ` • Livestock: Over 50% of greenhouse emissions • Methane: An underestimated emissions time bomb • Meat, Dairy and Global Warming • Bio-fuels don’t cause starvation, meat does • A Vegetarian diet uses less water
Methane An Underestimated Time Bomb
Cool Earth Solution Reducing Methane: the fastest way to take heat out of the atmosphere Reducing meat & dairy consumption: the cheapest, fastest way to reduce methane Methane being collected from a cow
Methane Reduction: Buys us time in the fight against global warming “...many of us are saying if you want to make an impact soon, slow down the melting of the glaciers, slow down the rise of sea level, and so on, give us more time to deal with things, give society more time, shouldn’t you work more on methane?” Source: An Interview with Dr. Kirk Smith, Professor of Global Environmental Health at UC Berkeley, Part 2 http://www.suprememastertv.com/bbs/board.php?bo_table=sos_video&wr_id=21&url=link2_1#v
Methane: Key To Rapid Emissions Reductions “The mitigation of non-carbon dioxide (Non-CO2) greenhouse gas emissions can be a relatively inexpensive supplement to CO2-only mitigation strategies.” “Methane Mitigation has the largest potential across all the Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases.” US Environmental Protection Agency Global Mitigation of Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases June 2006
“Control of methane emissions turns out to be a more powerful lever to control global warming than would be anticipated.” Drew Shindell, PhD Atmospheric Physicist NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies Source: NASA/Goddard Report: Methane’s Impact on Climate Change May Be Twice Previous Estimates
Methane: A more potent gas over shorter periods Methane 23 times hotter than CO2 (100 yr time period) Methane68 times hotter than CO2 (20 yr time period) Methane GWP est. = 68 Methane GWP est. = 23 Methane plays a greater role in global warming as seen on the right. Source: Estimates from data in : US Environmental Protection Agency Report: Global Mitigation of Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases, IPCC , UN Livestock’s Long Shadow
1 billion tons of methane* will dissipate faster than 1 billion tons of CO2 Carbon Dioxide Remaining Billions of tons (CO2 Equivalents) Methanedissipating Source: UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Working Group I, Table 6.7
Meat & Dairy: #1 Source of Human – Caused Methane Emissions Globally (37%) Methane from Meat & Dairy = Manure + Enteric Fermentation United Kingdom #1 Livestock (42%) #2 Landfill (18%) #3 Oil & Gas (17%) Germany #1 Livestock (62%) #2 Landfill (13%) #3 Oil & Gas (17%) United States #1 Livestock (30%) #2 Landfill (25%) #3 Oil & Gas (24%) Sources: US Environmental Protection Agency, UN FAO
Being Vegan 1 day per week eliminates 1 billion tons of methane (in CO2 equivalents with GWP of 68) * Billions of tons of emissions saved per year Note: Does not include emissions reductions for CO2 or Nitrous Oxide *In CO2 equivalents over 20 years with an estimated GWP of 68 Source: UN FAO, Livestock’s Long Shadow, IPCC
Benefits of Being Vegan to Cool the planet • We need to act NOW to address global warming • We don’t have time to wait for long term adoption of sustainable technologies and practices. • Even if widespread adoption of sustainable solutions are adopted today, the heat from CO2 will continue for centuries. • A widespread embrace of a vegan diet requires no infrastructure build out. • Embracing a vegan diet will save money for consumers by lowering their food budgets. • It will begin cooling the planet immediately, giving us time for widespread use of CO2 reducing sustainable solutions.
Meat, Dairy and Global Warming (other emissions)
Meat & Dairy: #1 Source of all Human-Caused Greenhouse Gas Emissions (24%) Emissions from all Livestock • Methane: 37% • Carbon Dioxide: 9% • Nitrous Oxide: 67% Assumes global warming potential = 68 67% from Meat, Dairy 37% from Meat, Dairy 9% from Meat, Dairy Source: UN Food and Agriculture Organization & UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Working Group I, Table 6.7
Meat & Dairy: #1 Source of all Human-Caused Greenhouse Gas Emissions (24%) Assuming global warming potential = 68 Global Warming Potential = 23 Global Warming Potential = 68 The UN FAO states that the livestock industry causes 18% of global warming over a 100 year time frame. Over a shorter time period, meat and dairy are responsible for 24% of global warming due to the higher global warming potential of methane over shorter periods of time. Assuming Methane Global Warming Potential = 23 @100 years, 68 @ 20 years Source: UN Food and Agriculture Organization report Livestock’s Long Shadow & IPCC Working Group 1, Table 6.7 & Our calculations using UN estimates
Meat & Dairy: Cause 9 % of Global Carbon Dioxide Emissions CO2 release from cultivated soil Fertilizer manufacture On farm fuel use Desertification Deforestationand other land use change Annual tons of CO2 Emissions from Livestock (millions of tons) Source: Livestock’s Long Shadow, UN Food & Agriculture Organization, Nov. 2006
Stop eating Meat & Dairy to end 30% of Tropical Rainforest Deforestation If we wantto end tropical rainforest deforestationin the Amazon, stop eating animal products. CO2 release from cultivated soil Fertilizer manufacture On farm fuel use Desertification Deforestation and other land use change Annual tons of CO2 Emissions from Livestock (millions of tons) Source: Livestock’s Long Shadow, UN Food & Agriculture Organization, Nov. 2006
Meat & Dairy: #1 Source of all Human-Caused Nitrous Oxide (67%) Nitrous oxide is released from manure and from nitrogen fertilizers used in growing feed crops for animals. The manure and nitrous oxide flow out of the rivers and into the ocean, where they are a significant contributor to the oceanic dead zones. Nitrous Oxide is 296 times more potent than CO2 & dissipates in 114 years.
Bio-fuels don’t cause starvation Meat & Dairy do
Bio-fuels don’t cause starvationMeat does • Every 2.3 seconds, a child dies from malnutrition • The 760 million tonnes of grain fed to animals could feed 2 billion people, and could cover the global food shortage 14 times over • 1 ha produces: - enough potatoes to feed 22 people - enough rice to feed 19 people - lamb to feed only 2 people - beef to feed only 1 person • 800 million hungry – 1 billion obese Sources: UNICEF, World Health Organization, UN Food and Agriculture Organization, Earth Policy Institute
Bio-fuels don’t cause starvation Meat does Global Population (2007): 6.7 billion 2007/08 Global Grain Crop Production: 2109 million metric tons Global hunger happens when the impoverished compete for grain with animals fed to the wealthy. Biofuels only use 5% of global grain production. Sources: UN Food & Agriculture Organization, World Food Organization
Vegetarian Diet uses less water than meat & dairy diets
A Vegetarian Diet uses less water than Meat Diet • Global Warming Threatens our already-dwindling water supply • Africa’swater availability in 2025 forecast to be < 50% of 1990 levels • US Southwest – Lake Mead (serving 23 million people with water) forecast to be dry by 2021. • Spain fining people €9,000 for watering flowers
Vegetarian Diet uses less Water than Meat Diet 70% water usage is for agriculture;10% is used at home, and 20% by industry. 19,737 litres of water are needed to produce one pound of beef in California. This is enough to take a 7 minute shower everyday for an entire year. Sources: Stockholm International Water Institute, University of California-Davis, UN Food & Agriculture Organization
Vegetarian Diet uses less water than Meat Diet WATER • An entire vegan meal uses 371 litres of water • One average serving of chicken uses 1,249 litres • One serving of beef uses 4,664 litres Source: Water Inputs in California Food Production, University of California - Davis
Call to Action • Together we can work to make the world a better place • Invest maximum effort and resources in eliminating meat, fish & dairy: • to save the environment • to feed the hungry • to ensure adequate water resources • By: • Ending all subsidies on meat, fish, dairy and feed stocks • Introducing tax on meat, fish and dairy • Banning the sale of meat, fish and dairy in all government institutions • Including agricultural emissions in emission reduction plans • Labeling all meat, fish & dairy in supermarkets, restaurants, flights, etc. with emission levels • Informing all citizens about devastating consequences of livestock industry & introducing the healthy and life saving vegan diet
END For more information, please see: www.SupremeMasterTV.com www.MeatTheFacts.org www.EcoFoodPrint.org