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European Commission. The new European regulatory framework for railways « The Dutch future of European Rail » Amsterdam – 28/10 /2003 Jean-Arnold Vinois, Head of the “Railway Transport and Interoperability” Unit. Summary. 1 - European railways in figures 2 - EU legislation in force

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slide1

European Commission

The new European regulatory framework for railways

« The Dutch future of European Rail »

Amsterdam – 28/10/2003

Jean-Arnold Vinois,

Head of the “Railway Transport and Interoperability” Unit

slide2

Summary

1 - European railways in figures

2 - EU legislation in force

3 - EU legislation under examination

4 - Further proposals under preparation

5 - State of play of the reform

6 - The challenge of enlargement

7 - The challenge of financing the railways

slide3

Rail Passenger Traffic

(billion p.km)

EU(15)

?

Source: Prognos + European Transport Report 2002

slide4

Rail Passenger Traffic

Market Shares of Passenger Transport (in %)

CEEC

EU (15)

Source: Prognos, European Transport Report 2002

slide5

Rail Passenger Traffic: trends

High speed train

Plane

Conv. rail

Car

slide6

Rail Freight Traffic

(billion tkm)

?

EU 15

Source: Prognos + European Transport Report 2002

slide7

Market Shares of Freight Transport (in %)

CEEC

EU (15)

Source: Prognos, European Transport Report 2002

slide8

Rail Safety

EU 15

Nbr of

Fatalities

Railway

passengers

Sources: UIC; National Statistics

slide9

Rail Safety

Fatalities Railway crossings (EU 15)

Sources: UIC; National Statistics

slide12

Financing

State aids awarded to the Railway Sector

MEUR

aims of the european transport policy
Optimise the use of existing infrastructure

Rebalancing the use of modes in favour of environmental friendly modes : rail, inland waterways, shortsea shipping

Fair and efficient pricing for infrastructures use

Users first

Aims of the European Transport Policy
a major objective of the european railway policy
« Creation of an integrated European railway area to allow cross border services under a single responsibility in order to guarantee the quality of services to the customer »A major objective of the European Railway Policy
slide15

Eurobarometer - Spring 2003 - EU 15

“If safety standards are met, competition is the best way to make the railways more efficient.”

Tend to agree 71.5 %

Tend to disagree 12.1 %

No opinion 16.4 %

main actions undertaken at european level
A. Decided

1. To ensure fair and non discriminatory access to the infrastructure

Separation of essential functions i.e. allocation of capacity and charging

Open access to infra and services for international freight services

from 15 March 2003 on Transeuropean Rail Freight Network (TERFN)

from 15 March 2008 on the whole network

Charging principle of social marginal costs (with possible mark-ups)

National regulatory body to survey functioning of the market and arbitrate conflicts between infra-manager and railway undertaking

Main actions undertaken at European level
slide17

Main actions undertaken at European level

A. Decided

2. To ensure interoperability of the network

  • High Speed (Dir. 96/48)
    • Trans-European Network for High Speed rail
    • Adoption of technical specifications for interoperability (TSI) for the whole system (plus European standards)In force since 30 Nov. 2002
    • ERTMS deployment and migration strategy to be prepared by each Member State
slide18

Main actions undertaken at European level

  • Conventional Rail (Dir. 2001/16)
    • Applicable to TEN as identified (i.e. also TERFN)
    • Mandate to AEIF in June 2001 for TSI in 2004 on key items for freight traffic
    • New mandates to AEIF in Sept. 2002
main actions undertaken at european level1
B. Broad agreement on the second packageTo be finally decided before end 2003 by Council and Parliament

1. Open access for international freight services on the whole network from 2006 and national services from 2008 (Council/EP conciliation on this)

2. Extension of interoperability requirement to the whole network (under conditions): accepted

3. Accession of the Community to OTIF: accepted

Main actions undertaken at European level
main actions undertaken at european level2
4. Directive on railway safety

Creation of national safety authority

Delivery of safety certificate

Common indicators, methods and targets

Creation of independent investigation bodies for accidents

5. Creation of an European Railway Agency (ERA) from 2004

To prepare Technical Specifications for Interoperability with representatives of the sector

To prepare Common Safety Methods and Targets

To advise Commission and Member States

100 people (+ 15 Mio € a year)

Main actions undertaken at European level
main actions undertaken at european level3
C. To be proposed in 2003Subject to decisions of the Commission

1. Access to the infrastructure for international passenger services (requested by EP for 2006). Issues to consider:

High speed rail services

Occasional services

Cross border regional services

Scheduled international services

Problem of cabotage

Link with Public service obligations

Main actions undertaken at European level
main actions undertaken at european level4
2. Further discussion on the draft regulation on public services obligations after Altmark judgement(?)

Regional and national services

Obligation to tender if exclusive rights or compensation for P.S.

3. Rights and obligations of international rail passengers

4. Freight quality (compensation schemes considered)

5. Drivers licence directive

Main actions undertaken at European level
slide25

State of Play

1. At European level

  • Enlargement to take place on 1/05/2004 - Accession Treaties concluded in April 2003. Successful referenda
  • Second package: EP 1st reading on 14 January 2003; common position of Council 26 June; EP second reading on 22 October 03
  • New Commission proposals under preparation
  • Social Dialogue between CER and ETF successful
  • Competition rules (abuse of dominant position, restrictive agreements, state aids; e.g. GVG/FS recent decision)
  • Revision of TEN guidelines and priority projects and revision of TEN financial regulation (proposal 1st October 2003)
  • Preparation of EU financial perspectives 2007-2013
slide26

State of Play

2. At national level

  • Implementation of infrastructure package of 2001 by 15 March 2003
    • Open access already in D-I-UK-NL-Nordic countries but some more legal work needed in D-UK-S.
    • Open access still to be concretised in B - F – L -SP particularly
    • Infringement procedures against 9 countries before the European Court of Justice
    • Real challenges : setting the various bodies such as regulatory body, independence of allocation body and definition of TERFN.
  • Interoperability
    • ERTMS deployment plan and migration strategy
slide28

State of Play

3. The players

  • Infrastructure managers : to prepare network statement and clear conditions for access (cfr. Rail Net Europe)
  • Railway undertakings :
    • Historic operators seeking alliances between them or with new entrants to facilitate cross border freight operations (eg. Mannheim-Woippy, Brenner Rail Cargo)
    • New entrants (IKEA, DLC, Rail4Chem, RTC, etc) challenging historic operators on some corridors (North-South, Brenner, etc.)
    • Improvement of services to be expected soon and better competitiveness against road
slide29

State of Play

  • Customers
    • Organize themselves to express their needs
      • European Rail Freight Customers Platform
      • European Passengers Federation
  • Supplying industry
    • Main driver of standardisation activity
    • Offers more interoperable equipments (eg. Multi current loc, ERTMS, etc) at reduced costs
slide30

State of Play

Other aspects:

  • New partnerships between players
  • Border crossings problems to identify
  • Charter on Passenger services (CER)
  • Freight quality charter (CER)
  • Initiatives on quality indicators (UIRR, UIP)
slide31

The challenge of enlargement

  • To take place on 1 May 2004
  • Participation of candidates to all European bodies from April 2003
  • To implement the acquis communautaire by the time of accession
  • Open access for international freight services fromthe accession with 3 years transitional period for Poland and Hungary (up to end 2006)
a new railway geography after eu enlargement
A new railway geography after EU enlargement

OTIF

EU bilateral agreement

EU (1st May 2004)

EEA

15 +

Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Czech Rep., Hungary, Slovakia, Poland, Slovenia

Switzerland

Balkanic States, Irak,

Maroc, Algeria,

Syria, Lebanon, Tunisia

Norway

Liecht.

EU candidates

Turkey

Albania, Iran

Bulgaria, Romania,

Azerbaijan, Byelorussia, China,

Cuba, Georgia, Kazakhstan,

Kirgizia, Korean PDR, Russia, Tajikistan

Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam

OSJD

slide33

The financing challenge

  • Trans-European network approach
    • Revision of guidelines to tackle accession countries and new list of 29 projects (Commission proposal 1st October 2003)
    • Idea of dedicated railfreight network
  • Revision of TEN financial regulation
    • Proposed support of 30 % to cross border projects
  • Revision of financial perspectives 2007-2013
    • Securing infrastructure financing is a key issue
  • Revision of “Eurovignette” directive 99/62
    • New rules of road charging
    • Cross modal financing possible under conditions
slide34

Conclusions

  • European Regulatory framework under way : there is a clear vision of all the aspects
  • A lot of work still to be done
    • Urgent need of the agency on interoperability and safety
    • Addressing all types of bottlenecks (short and long term actions needed)
    • Promoting a dedicated rail freight network
    • European ERTMS deployment plan for mid 2004
  • Investments on infrastructure and rolling stock, particularly in accession countries
  • Huge tasks but mobilisation of players now visible
slide35

For further information:

Site:

http://europa.eu.int/comm/dgs/energy_transport/index_en.html