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THE EUROPEAN UNION (EU)

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  1. THE EUROPEAN UNION (EU) Aurélien Mazuy, Pascaline Winand and Caitlin Gheller

  2. Who I am Cześć ! Hola ! • Pascaline Winand • My identities: • Belgian • European: • Father from Walloon and Flemish parts of Belgium • Mother from France and Austria • International: • Studied and taught in Belgium, France, the United States, Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Peru, Italy and now in Australia Hey ! Salut !

  3. Brusselshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/smfrick/381844064/ Languages and provinces of Belgium (yellow: Dutch language, red: French language, orange: bilingual French - Dutch, blue: German language) Source: wikipedia

  4. Europe & Australia: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b3/World-map-2004-cia-factbook-large-1.7m-whitespace-removed.jpg/800px-World-map-2004-cia-factbook-large-1.7m-whitespace-removed.jpg

  5. A long relationship: • Portuguese : Beginning of the 16th Century? • Dutch : 17th Century • French : 17th Century • English: 17th Century http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/76/Captainjamescookportrait.jpg/220px-Captainjamescookportrait.jpg

  6. European immigration : 18th to 21st Century - 18th-19th Century : UK (Gold Rush) • WWII : Jewish, Dutch, Italian, Greek, German, Yugoslavian… • White Australia Policy until the 1970s

  7. Australian-EU immigration and travel • Nearly 70% of Australians can claim European Ancestry ! • About 30 000 new European migrants to Australia every year • 1.3 million Europeans visit Australia every year • About 1 million Australians travel to Europe (Source:http://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/european_union/eu_brief.html)

  8. A snapshot of what is the “European Union” (EU) • Not a State: in-between a state and an international organisation • Not Europe: Norway, Switzerland etc. are not members of the EU • Represents503.8 million people • Has 27 member states, 28 with the accession of Croatia in 2013

  9. 1 Germany81,305,856 2 France65,630,692 3 United Kingdom63,047,162 4 Italy61,261,254 5 Spain47,042,984 6 Poland38,415,284 7 Romania 21,848,504 8 Netherlands 16,730,632 9 Greece 10,767,827 10 Portugal 10,781,459 11 Belgium 10,438,353 12 Czech Republic10,177,300 13 Hungary 9,958,453 14 Sweden 9,103,788 15 Austria8,219,743 16 Bulgaria7,037,935 17 Denmark 5,543,453 18 Slovakia5,483,088 19 Finland5,262,930 20 Ireland4,722,028 21 Lithuania3,525,761 22 Latvia2,191,580 23 Slovenia1,996,617 24 Estonia1,274,709 25 Cyprus1,138,071 26 Luxembourg509,074 27 Malta409,836 EU Member States by Population adapted from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2119.html#ee

  10. Many member states and… • EU institutions (Commission, Council, Court of Justice…) • Many policies: agriculture, environment, competition, immigration… • Many players: private interest groups, citizen groups, non EU governmental actors, journalists…

  11. The European Union ‘Symbols’: • European Anthem: “Ode to Joy” by Beethoven http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wod-MudLNPA http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6f/Beethoven.jpg/300px-Beethoven.jpg Musical arrangement: Herbert von KarajanRecorded at: Teatro da Trindade - Lisboa - 1994Orchestra: Orchestre d'Harmonie des Jeunes de l'Union Européenne, conducted by André ReichlingProducer: European Commission in collaboration with the Council of EuropeALL RIGHTS OF THE PRODUCER AND THE OWNER OF THE WORK REPRODUCED RESERVED

  12. Europa Myth: Where does the name ‘Europe’ come from? http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Moreau,_Europa_and_the_Bull.jpg/180px-Moreau,_Europa_and_the_Bull.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/91/Abduction_of_Europe,_European_Parliament,_Strasbourg.jpg/800px-Abduction_of_Europe,_European_Parliament,_Strasbourg.jpg

  13. The Flag: 12 stars http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/6/6d/European_flag.svg/800px-European_flag.svg.png

  14. Europe Day 9 May

  15. The motto: “UNITED IN DIVERSITY” http://europa.eu/abc/symbols/9-may/gallery/1997/index_en.htm http://europa.eu/abc/symbols/9-may/gallery/2005/index_en.htm

  16. Why the European Union?: • The Peace : • WWI (1914-1918) & WWII (1939-1945) • Millions of dead Time to stop ! News LTD

  17. A United Europe: a long tradition • Roman Empire : 27 B.C to 476 A.C • Napoleon Empire : 19th Century • 1989 : The Fall of the Berlin Wall … towards the reunification of Eastern and Western Europe http://www.dodmedia.osd.mil/DVIC_View/Still_Details.cfm?SDAN=DFST9103520&JPGPath=/Assets/Still/1991/Air_Force/DF-ST-91-03520.JPG

  18. A strong Europe in a globalised world: • Possible to compete with other economic giants (USA / Japan / China…) • More coherent to tackle terrorism and organized crime • Coordinating foreign policies • Defend certain values: rule of law, human rights, peace

  19. Historic Steps: • 1951: The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) is established by the six founding members • France: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_France.svg • Germany: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Germany.svg • The Netherlands: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_the_Netherlands.svg • Italy: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Italy.svg • Belgium: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Belgium.svg • Luxembourg: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Luxembourg.svg

  20. France • Germany • The Netherlands • Italy • Belgium • Luxembourg CE | | P-012620/00-04 | 07/02/2007 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Europe_blank_map.png/1000px-Europe_blank_map.png

  21. France • Germany • The Netherlands • Italy • Belgium • Luxembourg CE | | P-012620/00-04 | 07/02/2007 The Netherlands Germany Belgium Luxembourg France • Italy http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Europe_blank_map.png/1000px-Europe_blank_map.png

  22. Treaty of Paris (ECSC) Family photo of those signing the Treaty of Paris, from left to right: Paul van Zeeland, Belgian Minister for Foreign Affairs; Joseph Bech, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade and Wine growing of Luxembourg; Joseph Meurice, Belgian Minister for Foreign Trade; Carlo Sforza, Italian Minister for Foreign Affairs; Robert Schuman, French Minister for Foreign Affairs; Konrad Adenauer, German Federal Chancellor; Dirk Stikker, Dutch Minister for Foreign Affairs; and Johannes van den Brink, Dutch Minister for Economic Affairs

  23. 1957: The Treaties of Rome • Beginning of the European Economic Community (E.E.C.) and of Euratom in 1958

  24. 1973: The Community expands to nine member states and develops its common policies Denmark:http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Denmark.svg Republic of Ireland: http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Ireland.svg The United Kingdom: http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg

  25. Denmark • The U.K • Rep. of Ireland CE | | P-012620/00-04 | 07/02/2007 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Europe_blank_map.png/1000px-Europe_blank_map.png

  26. Denmark • The U.K • Rep. Of of Ireland CE | | P-012620/00-04 | 07/02/2007 The U.K Denmark Rep of Ireland http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Europe_blank_map.png/1000px-Europe_blank_map.png

  27. 1979: The 1st direct elections to the European Parliament (now held every five years) http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:European-parliament-strasbourg-inside.jpg

  28. 1981 & 1986: The 1st Mediterranean enlargements Greece: January 1981 http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Greece.svg Spain: January 1986 http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Spain.svg Portugal: January 1986 http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Portugal.svg

  29. Greece • Spain • Portugal CE | | P-012620/00-04 | 07/02/2007 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Europe_blank_map.png/1000px-Europe_blank_map.png

  30. Greece • Spain • Portugal CE | | P-012620/00-04 | 07/02/2007 Spain Portugal Greece http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Europe_blank_map.png/1000px-Europe_blank_map.png

  31. The single market • President of the European Commission Jacques Delors plan to have a Single Market by 1992. • Leads to the Single EuropeanAct (signed in 1986)

  32. Fall of Berlin Wall in 1989 • Unification of Germany: October 1990 (‘silent’ EU enlargement?)

  33. November 1993: The Treaty of Maastricht establishes the European Union CE | | P-001327/00-02 | 01/11/93

  34. January 1995: The European Union expands to 15 members Austria: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Austria.svg Finland: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Finland.svg Sweden: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Sweden.svg

  35. Austria • Finland • Sweden CE | | P-012620/00-04 | 07/02/2007 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Europe_blank_map.png/1000px-Europe_blank_map.png

  36. Austria • Finland • Sweden CE | | P-012620/00-04 | 07/02/2007 Finland Sweden Austria http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Europe_blank_map.png/1000px-Europe_blank_map.png

  37. 2002: Euro notes and coins are introduced CE | | P-008484/00-9 | 2001

  38. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Euro_coins_version_II.png http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Euro_banknotes.png

  39. What is the value of 1 Euro? = 1,24 $AUS (17/12/2012) CE | | P-008484/00-11 | 2001

  40. A French baguette: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Baguette.png • 4€ • 1,50€ • 23,65€

  41. B. 1,50€ (= 2,51 $AUS)

  42. Spaghetti at a restaurant: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Spaghetti_bolognese.jpg • 16€ • 36€ • 45€

  43. A. 16€ (= 26,8 $AUS)

  44. Thalys train ticket (Paris-Brussels) one way – full fare: • 39€ • 49€ • 99€ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Thalys_4343_Koeln.jpg

  45. A. 39€ (= 48,69 $AUS)

  46. 2004: Ten more countries join the European Union: Poland: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Poland.svg Estonia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Estonia.svg Lithuania: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Lithuania.svg Latvia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Latvia.svg The Czech Republic: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic.svg Malta: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Malta.svg Cyprus: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Cyprus.svg Hungary: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Hungary.svg Slovakia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Slovakia.svg Slovenia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Slovenia.svg

  47. Cyprus • The Czech Republic • Estonia • Hungary • Latvia CE | | P-012620/00-04 | 07/02/2007 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Europe_blank_map.png/1000px-Europe_blank_map.png

  48. Cyprus • The Czech Republic • Estonia • Hungary • Latvia CE | | P-012620/00-04 | 07/02/2007 Estonia Latvia The Czech Republic Hungary Cyprus http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Europe_blank_map.png/1000px-Europe_blank_map.png

  49. Lithuania • Malta • Poland • Slovakia • Slovenia CE | | P-012620/00-04 | 07/02/2007 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Europe_blank_map.png/1000px-Europe_blank_map.png

  50. Lithuania • Malta • Poland • Slovakia • Slovenia CE | | P-012620/00-04 | 07/02/2007 Lithuania Poland Slovakia Slovenia Malta http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Europe_blank_map.png/1000px-Europe_blank_map.png