Avoiding Plagiarism. and Using APA Format. What is plagiarism?. Using other people’s ideas or research without giving them credit Theft of intellectual property Cheating – using someone else’s work See the ASU Catalog or Student Handbook for more information and consequences.
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and Using APA Format
Using other people’s ideas or research without giving them credit
Theft of intellectual property
Cheating – using someone else’s work
See the ASU Catalog or Student Handbook for more information and consequences
Copying or paraphrasing from a source without crediting the author
Using another person’s words or ideas as if they were your own
Copying another student’s work
Quoting from another person without indicating that it is a quotation
Summarizing information from another source without indicating where it came from
“Cutting and pasting” from an online source or the Internet without citing the source
Copying an image from the Internet and inserting it in a presentation without giving the source
Handing in a paper to one class that you wrote and handed in for an earlier class
Quoting -- Direct quotes from a source
Paraphrasing – Summarizing or rewording information from a source
Borrowing – Using ideas, concepts, organizational patterns, themes, motifs, etc.
MLA – for language and literature
CBE – for biology/life sciences
Chicago – for history
Turabian – for history and humanities
APA – for behavior sciences
Bluebook – for law
ASU College of Business requires APA style
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition)
Concise Rules of APA Style (6th edition)
Note: 6th edition was published in July 2009; check with your other professors to verify which edition they want you to use
Give last name of the author and date of publication for every source
Include page numbers or paragraph numbers for exact quotes
Zuckerman (2006) has shown that the value of a college degree has increased dramatically in the past century. “The income gap between college graduates and those without university degrees doubled between 1979 and 1997. In the 1930s and 1940s, only half of all American chief executives had college degrees. Now virtually all do” (p. 71).
The value of a college degree has increased dramatically in the past century. The difference in income between people with college degrees and those without has doubled since 1980, and almost all American CEOs now have college degrees (Zuckerman, 2006).
A study conducted at Florida International University found that “the present value of future after-tax earnings plus fringe benefits for the average high school graduate comes in at almost $1 million. For the average college graduate, the value of earnings plus benefits—less the cost of tuition and the loss of four years of earnings while attending college—doubles to approximately $2 million” (“New study,” 2007, para. 10).
Tax specialist J. Lasky emphasized the importance of continuing professional education for tax accountants (personal communication, July 15, 2007).
Includes all sources used in the text of the paper except personal communications
Arranged alphabetically by author’s last name or title of work (if no author given)
Date of publication
Title of the work you are citing
If you are citing something that appeared in a larger work (like a chapter or article), the title of the larger work
For an article, the volume (and issue) of the magazine or journal
For a book, the publisher and place of publication
For an edited book, the name of the editor
For an article or book chapter, the page numbers
For an Internet source, the URL
Authors – always list by last name and initials, not full name. If the source has multiple authors (up to six), list all of them.
Capitalization – article, chapter, or book titles: capitalize only the first word of the title, first word of the subtitle, and any proper nouns or adjectives are capitalized. Journal titles: capitalize all important words.
Double-space and use hanging indent
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.
Scott, D.M. (2005). Cashing in with content: How innovative marketers use digital information to turn browsers into buyers. Medford, NJ: Information Today/CyberAge Books.
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher. Retrieved from URL
Robert, M., & Racine, B. (2001). E-strategy pure and simple: Connecting your internet strategy to your business strategy. New York: McGraw-Hill. Retrieved from http://www.netlibrary.com
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.
Howell, R.A. (2004). Turn your budgeting process upside down. Harvard Business Review, 82(7/8): 21-22.
Author, A. A. (Year, month day). Title of article. Title of periodical, volume, pages.
Williamson, E., Farnam, T.W., & Mullins, B. (2009, July 1). Finance lobby cut spending as feds targeted Wall Street. Wall Street Journal (Eastern ed.), pp. A1, A10.
Author, A. A. (Date). Title of article. Title of periodical, volume, pages. Retrieved from URL
El-Erian, M.A. (2009, May 21). Life after the financial crisis. BusinessWeek. Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/09_22/b4133073646280.htm
Title of article. (Date). Title of periodical, volume, pages.
Study looks at trends in online banking. (2009, February 13). Credit Union Journal, 13(7):18.
Page title. (Date). Website title. Retrieved from URL
History. (2009). John Deere company information. Retrieved from http://www.deere.com/en_US/compinfo/history/index.html
Name of organization. (Date). Web document title. Retrieved from URL
U.S. Department of State. Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs. (2009, April). Background note: Belize. Retrieved from http://www.state.gov/
Body of the paper
Running head – a shortened version of the title
Appears on each page, with page number
Starts on title page (page 1)
Placed at end of paper
Entries arranged alphabetically by author (or by title, if no author is given)
When you have several items by the same author, arrange these (1) alphabetically and (2) chronologically
Use hanging indent
Level 1: Centered, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading
Level 2: Flush Left, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading
Level 3: Indented, boldface, lowercase, heading ending with a period.
Level 4: Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase heading ending with a period.
Level 5: Indented, italicized, lowercase heading ending with a period.
Precise word choice