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Avoiding Plagiarism. and Using APA Format. What is plagiarism?. Using other people’s ideas or research without giving them credit Theft of intellectual property Cheating – using someone else’s work See the ASU Catalog or Student Handbook for more information and consequences.

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avoiding plagiarism

Avoiding Plagiarism

and Using APA Format

what is plagiarism
What is plagiarism?

Using other people’s ideas or research without giving them credit

Theft of intellectual property

Cheating – using someone else’s work

See the ASU Catalog or Student Handbook for more information and consequences

examples of plagiarism
Examples of plagiarism

Copying or paraphrasing from a source without crediting the author

Using another person’s words or ideas as if they were your own

Copying another student’s work

Quoting from another person without indicating that it is a quotation

Summarizing information from another source without indicating where it came from

“Cutting and pasting” from an online source or the Internet without citing the source

Copying an image from the Internet and inserting it in a presentation without giving the source

Handing in a paper to one class that you wrote and handed in for an earlier class

common ways to use information from a source
Common Ways to Use Information from a Source

Quoting -- Direct quotes from a source

Paraphrasing – Summarizing or rewording information from a source

Borrowing – Using ideas, concepts, organizational patterns, themes, motifs, etc.

to avoid plagiarism
To avoid plagiarism …
  • Credit (cite) all your sources
    • In the text
    • In the reference list or bibliography
some style formats
Some style formats

MLA – for language and literature

CBE – for biology/life sciences

Chicago – for history

Turabian – for history and humanities

APA – for behavior sciences

Bluebook – for law

college of business style
College of Business style

ASU College of Business requires APA style

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition)

Concise Rules of APA Style (6th edition)

Note: 6th edition was published in July 2009; check with your other professors to verify which edition they want you to use

what to cite in your paper
What to cite in your paper
  • According to APA:
    • cite the work of those individuals whose ideas, theories, or research have directly influenced your work. They may provide key background information, support or dispute your thesis, or offer critical definitions and data. … In addition to crediting the ideas of others that you used to build your thesis, provide documentation for all facts and figures that are not common knowledge. (APA, 2009, p. 171)
apa in text citation format
APA In-text citation format

Author-date system

Give last name of the author and date of publication for every source

Include page numbers or paragraph numbers for exact quotes

example exact quote
Example: Exact quote

Zuckerman (2006) has shown that the value of a college degree has increased dramatically in the past century. “The income gap between college graduates and those without university degrees doubled between 1979 and 1997. In the 1930s and 1940s, only half of all American chief executives had college degrees. Now virtually all do” (p. 71).

example paraphrase
Example: Paraphrase

The value of a college degree has increased dramatically in the past century. The difference in income between people with college degrees and those without has doubled since 1980, and almost all American CEOs now have college degrees (Zuckerman, 2006).

example quote no author or page numbers
Example: Quote, no author or page numbers

A study conducted at Florida International University found that “the present value of future after-tax earnings plus fringe benefits for the average high school graduate comes in at almost $1 million. For the average college graduate, the value of earnings plus benefits—less the cost of tuition and the loss of four years of earnings while attending college—doubles to approximately $2 million” (“New study,” 2007, para. 10).

example personal interview
Example: Personal interview

Tax specialist J. Lasky emphasized the importance of continuing professional education for tax accountants (personal communication, July 15, 2007).

the reference list
The reference list

Includes all sources used in the text of the paper except personal communications

Arranged alphabetically by author’s last name or title of work (if no author given)

in text to reference list correspondence
In-text to Reference list correspondence
  • Text:
    • …and almost all American CEOs now have college degrees (Zuckerman, 2006).
  • Reference list:
    • Zuckerman, M. (2006, June 12). Rich man, poor man. U.S. News & World Report, 71-72.
typical information for citations
Typical information for citations

Author(s)

Date of publication

Title of the work you are citing

If you are citing something that appeared in a larger work (like a chapter or article), the title of the larger work

For an article, the volume (and issue) of the magazine or journal

For a book, the publisher and place of publication

For an edited book, the name of the editor

For an article or book chapter, the page numbers

For an Internet source, the URL

points to remember
Points to remember

Authors – always list by last name and initials, not full name. If the source has multiple authors (up to six), list all of them.

Capitalization – article, chapter, or book titles: capitalize only the first word of the title, first word of the subtitle, and any proper nouns or adjectives are capitalized. Journal titles: capitalize all important words.

Double-space and use hanging indent

example books
Example: Books

Standard form:

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.

Example:

Scott, D.M. (2005). Cashing in with content: How innovative marketers use digital information to turn browsers into buyers. Medford, NJ: Information Today/CyberAge Books.

example e books
Example: E-books

Standard format:

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher. Retrieved from URL

Example:

Robert, M., & Racine, B. (2001). E-strategy pure and simple: Connecting your internet strategy to your business strategy. New York: McGraw-Hill. Retrieved from http://www.netlibrary.com

example scholarly articles
Example: Scholarly Articles

Standard format:

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.

Example:

Howell, R.A. (2004). Turn your budgeting process upside down. Harvard Business Review, 82(7/8): 21-22.

example daily or weekly publication
Example: Daily or weekly publication

Standard format:

Author, A. A. (Year, month day). Title of article. Title of periodical, volume, pages.

Example:

Williamson, E., Farnam, T.W., & Mullins, B. (2009, July 1). Finance lobby cut spending as feds targeted Wall Street. Wall Street Journal (Eastern ed.), pp. A1, A10.

example internet periodical
Example: Internet periodical

Standard format:

Author, A. A. (Date). Title of article. Title of periodical, volume, pages. Retrieved from URL

Example:

El-Erian, M.A. (2009, May 21). Life after the financial crisis. BusinessWeek. Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/09_22/b4133073646280.htm

example article with no author given
Example: Article with no author given

Standard format:

Title of article. (Date). Title of periodical, volume, pages.

Example:

Study looks at trends in online banking. (2009, February 13). Credit Union Journal, 13(7):18.

example page from website
Example: Page from website

Standard format:

Page title. (Date). Website title. Retrieved from URL

Example:

History. (2009). John Deere company information. Retrieved from http://www.deere.com/en_US/compinfo/history/index.html

example web page organization as author
Example: Web page, organization as author

Standard format:

Name of organization. (Date). Web document title. Retrieved from URL

Example:

U.S. Department of State. Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs. (2009, April). Background note: Belize. Retrieved from http://www.state.gov/

r/pa/ei/bgn/1955.htm

parts of the apa style paper
Parts of the APA-style paper

Title page

Abstract

Body of the paper

Reference list

Tables

Appendices

some specifics running head
Some specifics – Running head

Running head – a shortened version of the title

Appears on each page, with page number

Starts on title page (page 1)

some specifics references
Some specifics - References

Placed at end of paper

Headed References

Entries arranged alphabetically by author (or by title, if no author is given)

When you have several items by the same author, arrange these (1) alphabetically and (2) chronologically

Use hanging indent

some specifics headings
Some specifics - Headings

Level 1: Centered, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading

Level 2: Flush Left, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading

Level 3: Indented, boldface, lowercase, heading ending with a period.

Level 4: Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase heading ending with a period.

Level 5: Indented, italicized, lowercase heading ending with a period.

some specifics writing style
Some specifics – writing style

Logical organization

Correct grammar

Smooth transitions

Interesting tone

Concise language

Precise word choice

Third person

Bias-free language

for more information details rules and examples
For more information, details, rules and examples
  • Concise Rules of APA Style
  • Publication Manual of the APA
    • Copies available at the ASU Library or through bookstores
  • Questions? Contact your professor or the ASU Library
    • Mary Aquila, mary.aquila@athens.edu
    • refdesk@athens.edu or 256-216-6650