General Facts • Capital: Berlin • Population: 82.3 million • GDP per capita: $29,461 • German Unification Day: October 3 (marks the reunification of East and West Germany in 1990) • Germans prefer their drinks without ice. • Nearly every occupation, from mechanic to waiter to accountant, has a school or program designed specifically for it. • 30% of Germany is forested. • Life expectancy: 76 (male); 82 (female) • Currency: Euro
Land/Rivers Land Rivers The Rhine, Danube, and Elbe rivers flow through Germany. • Germany is just smaller than Montana but has about ninety times as many people.
Climate/Religion Climate Religion Roman Catholic 33% Protestant 33% (mostly Lutheran). The Reformation? Muslim 4% • The climate is generally temperate, with mild summers and wet winters.
Government • A federal parliamentary republic • The country's president is elected as head of state by members of the federal and state legislatures for up to two five-year terms (duties are mostly ceremonial) • The chancellor is the head of government. The chancellor is elected by the lower house of Parliament, called the Federal Assembly. The upper house is called the Federal Council. • The voting age is 18
Berlin Wall Berlin Wall Picture of the Wall on the Wall • Separated the city of Berlin after World War II. • There was West Berlin (US,UK,FR)(Democracy) • There was East Berlin (USSR)(Communist) • Berlin was 30 miles inside of East Germany.
Holocaust The Holocaust began with Hitler's rise to power in January of 1933 and ended on VE Day (May 8, 1945). During this time, more than 6 million Jews and millions of other groups that caught the negative attention of Nazi Germany.
Economy Economy West vs. East Germany The east's economy is far weaker than the west's. East German prices typically are as high as those in the west, but salaries, rents, and overall living conditions remain lower. Why? • Germany is one of the top economic powers in the world • Main exports include cars, televisions and other manufactured goods, steel, and aluminum.
Famous People Martin Luther(1483–1546) priest, religious reformer Ludwig van Beethoven(1770–1827) composer
Famous People Karl Marx(1818–1883) social philosopher Pope Benedict XVI (Joseph Ratzinger)(1927–) leader of Catholic Church
Famous People Sebastian Bach Steffi Graf (1969–) tennis player