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Housekeeping. LATE WORK MUST GET IN BEFORE MONDAY! Permission slips? Turn in ASAP. Thursday: Study Table in Ms. Sparrow’s room, both lunches Bring your lunch and questions about ch. 1-3 and in-class material. The Carolingians. Dynasty established by Charles Martel

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housekeeping
Housekeeping
  • LATE WORK MUST GET IN BEFORE MONDAY!
  • Permission slips? Turn in ASAP.
  • Thursday: Study Table in Ms. Sparrow’s room, both lunches
    • Bring your lunch and questions about ch. 1-3 and in-class material
the carolingians
The Carolingians
  • Dynasty established by Charles Martel
  • Officially recognized by Pope through St. Boniface – anointed Pepin the Short (751)
  • Carolingians became the rightful rulers in Central Europe
establishment of the papal states
Establishment of the Papal States

- Pope Stephen II publicly anointed Pepin the Short in 754

- The lands that Pepin defended and won for Rome (threatened by the Lombards) became known as the Papal States

charles the great charlemagne
Charles the Great(Charlemagne)
  • Son of Pepin, he inherited his father’s throne
  • Strong military AND political leader
  • Christian public policy
  • Drew from laws of Church for his own civil legislation
  • Acted in best interests of Church
  • Shouldn’t idealize him, though his faults were often from his zeal rather than evil intent
charlemagne rescues the papal states again
Charlemagne “rescues” the Papal States again
  • Lombards threatened Rome again
  • Charlemagne rushed to Rome to bring aid
  • Granted title “Patrician of Rome” by Pope Adrian I
charlemagne crowned emperor 800
Charlemagne Crowned Emperor (800)
  • Charlemagne was crowned ROMAN emperor on Christmas, 800 AD
  • Meaning: Germans are fully incorporated into Roman civilization
  • East’s reaction: MAD! West was now ruled by a “barbarian”
carolingian renaissance
Carolingian Renaissance
  • Emphasized education and artistic excellence
  • Reinvigorated learning in the West
  • Better educated clergy and interest in Church led to more missionary activity
iv the great schism the emergence of differences
IV - The Great SchismThe Emergence of Differences
  • Eastern and Western Half of Roman Empire
  • Pope’s Status as chief shepherd minimized
  • Caesaropapism (see definition)
  • Secluded Monks
iv the great schism1
IV - The Great Schism

The Photian Schism (857-867 AD)

iv the great schism2
IV - The Great Schism

From the beginning of the See of Constantinople to the [Photian] schism in 867 the list of these temporary breaches of communion is a formidable one. There were fifty-five years of schism (343-98 AD) during the Arian troubles, eleven because of St. John Chrysostom's deposition (404-15 AD), thirty-five years of the Acacian schism (484-519 AD), forty-one years of Monothelite schism (640-81 AD), sixty-one years because of Iconoclasm. So of these 544 years (323-867 AD) no less than 203 were spent by Constantinople in a state of schism. We notice too that in every one of these quarrels Constantinople was on the wrong side; by the consent of the Orthodox, too, Rome in all stood out for right.

1913 Catholic Encyclopedia

“Eastern Schism”

iv the great schism3
IV - The Great Schism

The Great Schism (1054 AD)

iv the great schism4
IV - The Great Schism

Patriarch Michael Cerularius

Pope Leo IX (1049-1054 AD)

iv the great schism5
IV - The Great Schism

[SIDEBAR] – Contemporary Efforts to Heal the Schism

iv the great schism various orthodox patriarchs
IV - The Great SchismVarious Orthodox Patriarchs
  • His All-Holiness Bartholomew I, Archbishop of Constantinople and New Rome, Ecumenical Patriarch
  • His Beatitude Theodoros II, Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and All Africa
  • His Beatitude Ignatius IV, Patriarch of Antioch and All the East
  • His Beatitude Theophilus III, Patriarch of the Holy City of Jerusalem and All Palestine
  • His Beatitude Kyrill, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia,
  • His Holiness Ilia II, Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia, Archbishop of Mtskheta and Tbilisi
  • His Holiness Irinej (Gavrilovic), Archbishop of Pec, Metropolitan of Belgrade-Karlovci, Patriarch of Serbia
  • His Beatitude, Daniel, Patriarch of All Romania, Metropolitan of Ungro-Vlachia, Archbishop of Bucharest
  • His Holiness Maksim, Patriarch of Bulgaria, Metropolitan of Sofia
  • His Beatitude Chrysostomos II, Archbishop of New Justiniana and All Cyprus
  • His Beatitude Ieronymos II, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece
  • His Beatitude Anastasios, Archbishop of Tirana and All Albania
  • His Beatitude Sawa, Metropolitan of Warsaw and All Poland
  • His Beatitude Christopher, Archbishop of Prague, Metropolitan of the Czech Lands and Slovakia
  • His Beatitude Jonah, Archbishop of Washington and New York, Metropolitan of All America and Canada