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Introduction to Social Contracts and the ADEM Statement of Values Justice, Responsibility, Respect, Trust, and Integrity
Information • Name • Area of academic concentration • Where you see yourself in five years • Reason for taking course • Required + • Best educational experience in past • What you expect to learn this semester
Syllabus as Social Contract • Free and Informed Consent (FIC) • Consent channeled through an individual’s autonomy. This is consistent with rights such as privacy, property, due process, free speech, freedom of conscience, and, of course, free and informed consent • Excludes consent achieved through force, fraud, manipulation, or deception • Quid Pro Quo (mutually beneficial exchange) • Literally something given in exchange for something received • The contract must be mutually beneficial. Each part receives something wanted in exchanged for something given up of roughly equal value • Safe Exit • FIC (free and informed consent)—The right to consent to a social arrangement only if there is (1) adequate information, (2) absence of force, fraud, manipulation, or deception, and (3) a safe exit • What elements correspond to these three components in the relations being formed in our class?
Declaración de Valores • Justicia/Equidad • Será imparcial, objetivo y se abstendrá de discriminar o tener trato preferencial en la aplicación de leyes y políticas en su trato con estudiantes, facultad, empleados, administración y otros constituyentes. • Be impartial, objective, and refrain from discrimination or preferential treatment in the administration of rules and policies and in its dealings with students, faculty, staff, administration, and other stakeholders.
Declaración de Valores • Responsabilidad • Reconocerá y cumplirá con sus obligaciones hacia sus constituyentes atendiendo sus intereses esenciales, honrando sus compromisos e integrando y manteniendo un balance entre diferentes puntos de vista. Como agentes responsables, la facultad, empleados y estudiantes del Colegio de Administración de Empresas están comprometidos al logro de la excelencia, bienestar comunitario y profesionalismo • Recognize and fulfill its obligations to its constituents by caring for their essential interests, by honoring its commitments, and by balancing and integrating conflicting interests. As responsible agents, the faculty, employees, and students of the College of Business Administration are committed to the pursuit of excellence, devotion to the community’s welfare, and professionalism.
Declaración de Valores • Respeto • Reconocerá y respetará la dignidad de los diversos constituyentes y sus derechos fundamentales. Estos incluyen los derechos sobre la propiedad, privacidad, libre intercambio de ideas, libertad académica, debidos procesos establecidos, participación significativa en el proceso de tomar decisiones y en la formulación de políticas. • Acknowledge the inherent dignity present in its diverse constituents by recognizing and respecting their fundamental rights. These include rights to property, privacy, free exchange of ideas, academic freedom, due process, and meaningful participation in decision making and policy formation
Declaración de Valores • Confianza • Reconocerá que la confianza fortalece las comunidades creando un ambiente donde cada uno pueda esperar un comportamiento ético de los demás. Promoverá la tolerancia en un ambiente de diversidad y operará dentro de los parámetros establecidos por los individuos y la comunidad • Recognize that trust solidifies communities by creating an environment where each can expect ethically justifiable behavior from all others. While trust is tolerant of and even thrives in an environment of diversity, it also must operate within the parameters set by established personal and community standards
Declaración de Valores • Integridad • Promoverá la integridad caracterizada por la sinceridad, honestidad, autenticidad y la búsqueda de la excelencia. La integridad es la base de todas nuestras decisiones, acciones y expresiones. Es la más clara manifestación de honestidad intelectual y personal en el aprendizaje, enseñanza, mentoría e investigación. • Promote integrity as characterized by sincerity, honesty, authenticity, and the pursuit of excellence. Integrity shall permeate and color all its decisions, actions and expressions. It is most clearly exhibited in intellectual and personal honesty in learning, teaching, mentoring and research
Comments • Justice has different senses: distributive, administrative, retributive, and compensatory. See table on Basic Moral Concepts for further developments. • Responsibility, as it has emerged from legal tests on criminal insanity, can be captured by the formula “moral response to essential moral relevance.” This breaks down into role responsibility, capacity responsibility, blame responsibility. Responsibility has a negative sense where individuals are punished for falling below a certain threshold and a positive sense that exhorts individuals to strive for moral excellence. • Respect was developed to cover basic rights and duties. These included due process (right to a grievance procedure), participation, privacy (and confidentiality), and property. (See the list in the definition itself.) Rights are essential capacities of action necessary for the exercise of autonomy. Duties are obligations to recognize and respect the rights of oneself and others. • Trust seems to be a baseline required for the pursuit of the other values. In other words, justice, respect, responsibility, and integrity are realized in a social context where one can count on others to act in a moral way. • Integrity is often called a meta-virtue, a virtue about virtues. In this context it is the requirement that other key virtues (and other key values) function together in a system where conflicts are minimized. In integrity, justice is integrated with trust, responsibility, and respect. These all come together in problem-solving.
Two Approaches to Values Compliance Identify the shared ideals or aspirations of a community Develop procedures and structures that motivate and support the pursuit of these ideals Lock on to a trajectory of continual improvement • Make rules that outline minimal levels of compliance • Develop monitoring systems to check compliance • Punish noncompliance
Some things to think about • How does justice enter into this class as both a threshold and an aspiration? • How does responsibility enter into this class as both a threshold and an aspiration? • How does respect enter into this class as both a threshold and an aspiration? • How does trust enter into this class as both a threshold and an aspiration? • How does integrity enter into this class as both a threshold and an aspiration? • How (and where) do businesses and corporations make use of moral and non-moral values?