Anticipation Guides. Donna Alvermann, Ph.D. Department of Language & Literacy Education University of Georgia PowerPoint by Achariya Rezak. What is an anticipation guide?. A series of statements about both what students already know and what they are about to learn.
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Anticipation Guides Donna Alvermann, Ph.D. Department of Language & Literacy Education University of Georgia PowerPoint by Achariya Rezak
What is an anticipation guide? • A series of statements about both what students already know and what they are about to learn. • Functions as a catalyst for activating student schemata. • Helps students feel personally invested in the readings. • Helps students confront their own possible misconceptions about the readings.
Using an anticipation guide: • Introduce the reading to the class as a whole. • Introduce the anticipation guide, allowing students to work in groups to answer the guide. • Reconvene to share answers.
First analyze the reading to identify key ideas and information. Then think of points where the students' prior knowledge might intersect with the text. Anticipate controversial ideas in the text, especially places where students might have misconceptions about some of the ideas. Devise five to eight (number variable) written statements that are about the students' prior knowledge. Write a brief introduction or background to the reading. Write directions. In your directions, provide a bridge between the author's ideas and the reader's, but with a focus upon the student’s own ideas. Build a bit of prior knowledge by briefly introducing the topic before handing out the guide. Then have small group discussions both before and after reading the text. How do you create an anticipation guide?
Some common mistakes: • Don't make the guide too dependent upon the passage. • Don't make the guide too removed from the students' knowledge, because it tends to discourage curiosity.
Keep in mind: • The statements you make about the text should reflect important ideas in the text. • Be general and not specific. • Works best when you challenge students' beliefs to highlight differences between their belief and the text.
Example of an anticipation guide: How do Social Studies teachers teach equality? Using the text “Equality and Social Studies Education” text included in this module, try to answer the following questions. Directions: Place a check next to each factor that you believe describes teaching equality. Factor: Describes teaching equality?Do the authors agree? Teachers should instill an ___ ___ understanding of other cultures Teach students to accept our own ___ ___ cultural values Build students’ multiple identities ___ ___ Teachers should instill a ___ ___ strong civic identity Teachers should be aware of ___ ___ the cultural framework of curriculum. Directions: Next, discuss your results with the class. After you’ve discussed your answers, read the “Equality and Social Studies Education” text included in this module. Read the article to find out where you and the authors agree or disagree. Place a check next to each of the factors that the authors describe in the text.
Summary • Anticipation guides help to activate student schemata by scaffolding what students already know and what they are about to learn. • Anticipation guides work best when you are general and not specific and challenge students’ preconceived notions. • Anticipation guides work best when used with classroom discussion before and after the guide.