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Chemistry C2 Part Five. Revision PowerPoint - Big ideas Electrochemistry making elements using electricity. Electrolysis and ionic compounds. In electrolysis an electric current is passed through an ionic compound, either molten or in solution. The compound breaks down into elements .

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chemistry c2 part five

Chemistry C2 Part Five

Revision PowerPoint - Big ideas

Electrochemistrymaking elements using electricity

electrolysis and ionic compounds
Electrolysis and ionic compounds
  • In electrolysis an electric current is passed through an ionic compound, either molten or in solution.
  • The compound breaks down into elements.
leo the lion says gerr r r
LEO the LION says GERrrr
  • Oxidation happens at the positive electrode. Negative ions lose electrons.
  • Reduction happens at the negative electrode. Positive ions gain electrons.

OXIDATION AND REDUCTION

LEO the lion says GER

Losing Electrons is Oxidation,

Gaining Electrons is Reduction.

electrolysis in action
Electrolysis in action
  • The experiment uses a direct current
  • The electrodes allow electrons to enter or leave the solution
  • The electrolyte is the ionic compound
electroplating
Electroplating

Metal objects are electroplated by making them the negative electrode and placing them in a solution of soluble ions. e.g. nickel plating copper

extracting aluminium
Extracting aluminium
  • Aluminium is extracted by electrolysis of molten bauxite dissolved in cryolite.
brine and the chlor alkali industry
Brine and the chlor-alkali industry
  • The electrolysis of brine (salt water) produces sodium hydroxide, chlorine and hydrogen.
  • Sodium hydroxide is used to manufacture
  • soaps and detergents
  • rayon and acetate fibres
  • paper
  • ceramics
  • Chlorine is used to manufacture
  • antiseptics and disinfectants
  • pesticides and weed-killers
  • bleach
  • and to kill bacteria in drinking water
  • Hydrogen is used to manufacture
  • margarine
  • ammonia
  • It is used in fuel cells and in rocket fuels for space craft
electrolysis of brine
Electrolysis of brine
  • Chloride ions are discharged as chlorine gas at the +ve electrode. Hydrogen ions are discharged at the –ve electrode as hydrogen gas. Sodium and hydroxide ions are left as sodium hydroxide solution.