Ocean Conservation. [Humans were once terrified]. Essential Questions: What does the future hold in terms of ocean quality, use, and preservation ? What can we do to take care of the ocean? How do I properly cite my sources in my project?. Problem #1: Oil Spills. BP Oil Spill.
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[Humans were once terrified]
What does the future hold in terms of ocean quality, use, and preservation?
What can we do to take care of the ocean?
How do I properly cite my sources in my project?
BP Oil Spill
An oil spill is when an amount of petroleum is realeased in an area where it can cause damage. Oil spills can happen when people make mistakes or are careless and cause an oil tanker to leak oil into the ocean.Equipment breaking down may cause an oil spill. Or even when countries are at war, one country may decide to dump gallons of oil into the other country’s oceans.
Coral reefs are underwater structures made from calcium carbonate secreted by corals. The habitat of thousands of marine species, they are known as the sea’s rainforest. Coral reefs are dying around the world.
In El Nino year, 1998, 16% of the world's reefs died as a result of increased water temperature. In Indonesia, surveys showed some 80% of bleached corals died. Scientists do not yet understand the long-term impacts of coral bleaching, but they do know that bleaching leaves corals vulnerable to disease, stunts their growth, and affects their reproduction, while severe bleaching kills them.
Overfishing is, simply put, when so many fish are caught that the population can't reproduce enough to replace them, a nonsustainable use of the ocean. Overfishing can lead to depletion of or extinction of fish populations.
Shark finning refers to the removal and retention of shark fins and the discard at sea of the carcass. The shark is most often still alive when it is tossed back into the water. Unable to swim, and bleeding to death, the shark suffers a slow death where 95% of the animal is wasted.
[Bird covered in oil]. 2013. Wikipedia. Online image. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oil_spill>.
BP Oil Spill: Oil Containment System Appears Operational. 2010. Oil Spill News. Online image. Web. 11 Feb. 2013. <http://www.oilspillnews.net/oil-spill- clean-up/bp-oil-spill-oil-containment-system-appears-operational/>.
Coral Reef Alliance. The Coral Reef Alliance, 2012. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://www.coral.org/>.
[Dead oil-covered birds]. 2009. Wikipedia. Online image. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://www.polarfield.com/blog/tag/duane-gill/>.
[Humans were once terrified]. Online image. Web. 11 Feb. 2013. <http://vi.sualize.us/humans_were_once_terrified_of_sea_today_its_ot her_way_around_greenpeace_pollution_conservation_picture_4Mum.html>.
Koster, Pepijn. Overfishing - A Global Disaster. Overfishing.org, 2011. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://overfishing.org/>.
My Coral Triangle. World Wide Fund for Nature, 1986. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://www.mycoraltriangle.com/coralweb/about/>.
Oil Spill Solutions. International Spill Control Organization, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://oilspillsolutions.org/>.
Oil Spills. ThinkQuest, 2002. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0215471/oil_spills.htm>.
Overfishing. Wikipedia, 17 Jan. 2013. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overfishing>.
John Bruno (Lead Author);Mark McGinley (Topic Editor) "Coral reefs and climate change". In: Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. Cutler J. Cleveland (Washington, D.C.: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment). [First published in the Encyclopedia of Earth August 26, 2008; Last revised Date January 13, 2013; Retrieved February 15, 2013 <http://www.eoearth.org/article/Coral_reefs_and_climate_change>