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USAF Concept Development and Experimentation Update . Maj Gen Mike Gould Director of Operational Plans and Joint Matters. Overview. AF Concept Development Goals and Objectives USAF Engagement Gameplan USAF Concept Development Process USAF CONOPS USAF Capabilities-based Planning Process

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usaf concept development and experimentation update

USAF Concept Development and Experimentation Update

Maj Gen Mike Gould

Director of Operational Plans

and Joint Matters

overview
Overview
  • AF Concept Development Goals and Objectives
  • USAF Engagement Gameplan
  • USAF Concept Development Process
    • USAF CONOPS
  • USAF Capabilities-based Planning Process
    • Logic Trail
  • Conclusion
usaf concept development goals and objectives
USAF Concept Development Goals and Objectives
  • Help shape tomorrow’s Joint Force
    • Influence joint employment concepts and the future joint force structure
    • Develop and validate AF concepts that support joint concepts – and effectively advocate them
    • Invest smartly in DOTMLPF by using AF Capabilities Review and Risk Assessment (CRRA) process
    • Provide linkages from AF CRRA process to the Joint Capabilities and Integration Development System (JCIDS) --- and vice versa
    • Learn from recent experiences and capitalize on “low hanging fruit”
usaf engagement gameplan
USAF Engagement Gameplan
  • Provide a consistent message to Joint Arena
    • One senior AF concept developer – AF/XOX
  • Provide enough voices so the AF message is heard
    • Ensure HQ AF is adequately focused on concept development
      • JCIDS involvement
      • JROC, JCB, and FCB interaction
    • Fill AF billets at JFCOM to include a cross-functional liaison team
      • Incorporate MAJCOM representation, ideas, and concepts
    • Continue AF Wargaming and support to Sister Service Wargames
  • Ensure the AF message is based on evidence
    • Use historical lessons, testing, experimentation, wargaming, and analysis to validate new concepts
    • Use joint framework and common baselines for validation methodologies
usaf concept development process

AF Operations Concepts (AF OpsC)

AF Functional

Concepts (CONOPS)

AF Operating

Concepts (TBD)

AF Capabilities

USAF Concept Development Process

Primary Developers

AF Vision, Strategic Plan

Transformation Flight Plan

HQ AF and MAJCOMs

HQ AF and MAJCOMs

(Under development)

HQ AF and MAJCOMs

Operating Concepts – TBD

Functional Concepts – CONOPS

HQ AF CRRA Process

Service concepts must contribute to Joint Concepts

af conops
AF CONOPS

Homeland Security

Nuclear Response

Global

Persistent

Attack

Global

Mobility

Global

Strike

Space & C4ISR

Enabling Capabilities

af capabilities based planning process

6x

6x

CONOPS Architectures Development

Prioritize Capabilities

CONOPS Architectures Development

Prioritize Capabilities

CONOPS Architectures Development

Prioritize Capabilities

6x

6x

Determine Capabilities Required

Develop Task Force CONOPS

Determine Capabilities Required

6x

Determine Capabilities Required

Develop Task Force CONOPS

Develop

CONOPS

Determine Capability Objectives

Determine Capability Objectives

Determine Capability Objectives

6x

Determine Desired Effects

Determine Desired Effects

Determine Desired Effects

AF Capabilities-based Planning Process

AFROCC

AFROCC

Planning Inputs:

DPG

JOCs

War Plans

AFPP

AFROCC

AFROCC

Integrate Prioritized Capabilities & Objectives from all CONOPS

Develop Prioritized Capability Investment-Divestment Strategy

DOTMLPF

Identify Excess Capabilities or Shortfalls

Odd Year

POM

CRRA

FunctionalSolutionAnalysis(when required)

Air ForceCorporate StructureProcess

Functional Processes

POM Guidance to MAJCOMs Requirements (JCIDS)

S & T Focus Analysis Requirements

Operational Planning Personnel Planning

Acquisition Strategy Infrastructure/Sustainment Planning

BUDGET

AFROCCOversight

APPG

Even YearReview CRRA

slide8

Logic Trail

Strategic Direction

The Common Truths

Joint Language

Departure for all Debates

Joint Operations Concepts (JOpsC)

AF OpsC

Joint Operating & Functional Concepts (JOCs)

AF Operating Concepts

AF CONOPS

Feedback

Joint Capabilities

OBJ: Versatile airpower force that mitigates risk against a fast, stressing, anti-access problem

MOE: Warfighting value and/or risk to the strategy providing compelling desire to invest

AF Capabilities guided by analysis

Requirements

Solutions

CRRA

conclusion
Conclusion
  • AF is committed to supporting the joint force
  • AF is providing answers to support joint concepts
    • Dedicated work force
    • Consistent message
    • Based on evidence and accepted baselines
  • “Tooth-to-tail” capabilities-based planning process
  • Full gamut of complimentary initiatives
global strike conops
Global Strike CONOPS
  • Mission: Counter intense anti-access systems to allow persistent follow-on operations
  • Defeat or suppress adversary anti-access capabilities to “kick down the door”
  • Employ a wide range of stand-off and strike platform-based sensors and flexible command systems to provide accurate and timely data to decision makers / cockpits
  • Assets: Stealth, precision, stand-off, IO, and Space / C4ISR
global persistent attack conops
Global Persistent Attack CONOPS
  • Provide a poised force, ready to engage any fleeting target in any AOR
  • Provide an integrated joint air, space, maritime, ground, and IO capability to respond globally against targets
  • Provide swift strikes ranging from minutes to hours to days, based on fleeting nature of the target
  • Assets:
    • Precision, stand-off wpns
    • Space & C4ISR
    • Main and forward bases
    • Secure reachback

1 Hour Response/450 NM

3 Hour Response/1350 NM

homeland security conops
Homeland Security CONOPS
  • Integrate with joint and interagency efforts to prevent, protect against, and respond to homeland threats
  • Defend against air and space threats
  • Prevent threats and attacks by neutralizing the threat
  • Protect against threats that can not be prevented
  • Respond to a hostile attack against the homeland
  • Assets:
    • Offensive and defensive counterair assets
    • Space & C4ISR, GR, & GS CONOPS capabilities
    • Joint / inter-agencies
global mobility conops

SMART TANKER

Global Mobility CONOPS
  • Provide assets around the globe anytime, anywhere
  • Provide tailored capabilities to stand-up and sustain combat operations at prepared and austere locations
  • Assets:
    • Agile / expeditionary combat support
    • Trained advance EWOC teams
    • Global reachback
    • Basing agreements
    • Improved delivery modes
    • Space & C4ISR
space c4isr conops
Space & C4ISR CONOPS
  • Provide real-time decision quality information across horizontally integrated networks
  • Provide a single network to remove the seams between tactical, theater, and national assets
  • Enable dynamic command, control, synchronization, and integration of platforms, sensors, and strikers
  • Compress the kill chain across the entire spectrum of ops
  • Provide persistent global surveillance
  • Enable independent or joint and multi-national operations
nuclear response conops
Nuclear Response CONOPS
  • CONOPS: SECRET/NOFORN
  • Provide nuclear response options to theater commanders across the entire spectrum of conflict
  • Act as AEF Topcover—the deterrent umbrella under which conventional forces operate
  • Dissuade any adversary from employing nuclear threats
  • If deterrence fails, execute response options to defeat the enemy and reestablish deterrence upon conflict termination
joint capabilities based methodology

Systems

Joint Capabilities-based Methodology

Future

Top Down

Past

Strategic Direction

Integrated at

Department

Joint Operations Concepts

Requirements

Joint/Service Operating

Concepts

Joint Capabilities

Briefed to & approved by SecDef – 3 Jan 03

Bottom up

  • Focus leadership early -- Move decision points forward
  • Increase opportunities to adjust at the proper points along the way
  • Improve analytical rigor
  • Shift the focus from “bottom-up threat-based” requirements to “top-down capabilities-based” needs
major joint concepts
Joint Operations Concepts (JOpsC)

Joint Operating Concepts (JOCs)

Major Combat Operations (MCO)

Stability Operations

Strategic Deterrence

Homeland Security

Functional Concepts

Battlespace Awareness

Protection

Force Application

Command and Control

Focused Logistics

Other

Joint Urban Ops (JUO)

Joint Forcible Entry Ops

Major Joint Concepts
jfcom s cd e strategy

FY 05

FY 04

FY 03

Joint Prototype Path

  • Distributive Continuous Experimentation Environment

supports both pathways

  • Promising capabilities moved from Joint Concept

Development to the Joint Prototype Pathway

Joint Concept Development Path

FY 03

FY 04

FY 05

JFCOM’s CD&E Strategy
  • Field the Standing Joint Force Headquarters (SJFHQ) – including the enabling concepts for developing transformational joint command and control
  • Pursue rapid, prototyping of capabilities to improve joint warfighting now

FY 02 Major Experiment

FY 01

Millennium

Challenge

Unified

Vision

  • Provide actionable recommendations from experimentation results to senior leaders to inform options for future force investments

Leverage Service Sponsored Wargames and Seminars

usaf cd e process

Design

Assess

Design

Assess

Results

Prepare

Prepare

Conduct

Conduct

USAF CD&E Process

Planning

Experiment &

Wargame

Development

Execution

Concept &Program Development

Detailed

Experiment

Plans

Detailed

Experiment

Plans

  • AF & Joint Visions
  • AF Strategic Plan
  • AF & JointCampaign Plans
  • AF Operating Concepts
  • MAJCOM Inputs

Integration

AF

Actions

Review and

Approval

Recommendations

Implementation

Track and Monitor

Joint

Actions

other usaf initiatives
Other USAF Initiatives
  • JEFX 04
    • Three focus areas:
      • Effects Based Operations
      • Predictive Battlespace Awareness
      • Network Centric Infrastructure
  • Advanced Technology Concept Demo (ACTD)
    • Focuses on new technologies from labs and industry
  • USAF Battlelabs
    • Assess innovative concepts to improve Air Force core competencies in Joint Warfighting
    • Battlelabs are Major Command or Field Operating Agency owned and managed with Air Staff policy & guidance
  • USAF Wargames
usaf wargames
USAF Wargames
  • “Global Engagement (GE)”
    • AF CSAF Title X Wargame Series
    • Biennial; Mid-Term Security Environment; Concept Exploration
  • “Futures” (Aerospace Future Capabilities Wargame)
    • AF CSAF Title X Wargame Series
    • Biennial; Far-Term Security Environment; Force Structure Exploration
  • “Schriever”
    • AF Space Command’s Wargame Series
    • Focuses on future Space and Air Power Integration
  • Air Force Technology exploration Wargame
    • AF Research Laboratory Wargame series
    • Far Term Technologies for Warfighter
slide27

JEFX 04 Spiral 3, Jun 04

JEFX 04 Spiral 1, Jan 04

JEFX 04 Spiral 2, Apr 04

Major USAF Efforts in Experiments & Wargames

03 04 05

A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J

Experiments

JEFX 04

Jul-Aug 04

Wargames

Thors Hammer (NRO)

Feb 04

Navy Wargame

5-9 Oct 03

Unified Quest (USA)

Apr 04

Unified Quest (USA)

Apr 05

GLOMO III

Mar 04

Futures

Dec 03

GE VII

21-30 Jul 04

GLOMO IV

Mar 05

USMC Expeditionary

Warrior Oct 04?

USMC Expeditionary

Warrior Oct 03

03 04 05

A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J

usaf wargame support
USAF Wargame Support
  • AF Support other Service, Joint, and Office Secretary Defense (OSD) Wargaming
    • Army: Unified Quest
    • Navy: Unified Course
    • Marine Corps: Expeditionary Warrior Series
    • JFCOM Concept Development: Pinnacle Impact
    • JFCOM SJFHQ Prototype and Validate Pathway
    • OSD: Project Magellan/Net Assessment
    • Joint Staff: Dominant Maneuver/Precision Engagement
aef conops objectives
AEF CONOPS Objectives
  • Articulate the span of problems that warfighters face in today’s geopolitical environment across the entire spectrum of conflict
  • Articulate the unique core competencies, distinctive capabilities, and broad-based functions that the AEF brings to the joint warfighting arena
    • In particular, those critical capabilities that enable the AEF and six Task Forces to accomplish the mission
  • Articulate how the AEF sequences those capabilities in a logical manner to provide Task Force CONOPS-based Air & Space Expeditionary Task Forces (AETFs) to the Joint Force Commander