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William Shakespeare. Biography. April 1564 - 1616 In Stratford-upon-Avon 100 miles NW of London At 18, married Anne Hathaway Became an actor. Map of England. Scenery and Costumes. Scenery – none. All information comes from dialogue.

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William Shakespeare

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  • April 1564 - 1616
  • In Stratford-upon-Avon
  • 100 miles NW of London
  • At 18, married Anne Hathaway
  • Became an actor
scenery and costumes
Scenery and Costumes
  • Scenery – none. All information comes from dialogue.
  • Very elaborate and expensive – wealthy gave clothes to their favorite servants, who then sold them.
  • No women in plays until 1660. Girls were played by little boys. This is why there are very few female roles.
  • Upset because of “waste” of expensive clothing.
  • Not fans of cross-dressing or boy/boy roles.
  • “The Theatre” was north of London.
  • In 1596, it’s lease was lost so the actors took it apart and rebuilt it south, across the Thames.
  • It was renamed, “The Globe.”
  • Built outside of the city so that London officials couldn’t interfere.
  • Floor – cheap – standing only
  • Tarras – luxury boxes
  • Stage – trapdoor to “hell”
  • “Hell” – dead people “leave” the stage
  • “Heavens” – Some scenery
theaters close
Theaters Close
  • During Shakespeare’s time, 200,000 people were living in London
  • Between Dec. 1592 and Dec. 1593, 11,000 died of plague
  • All public areas, including restaurants and playhouses were closed

Costume worn by plague doctor to protect against 'miasmas' of poisonous air

  • With the theaters closed, Shakespeare began writing poems, called Sonnets.
  • He wrote 154 in all.
  • 14 line poems
  • 3 quatrains – groups of 4 lines
  • 1 couplet – group of 2 lines
sonnet 18
Sonnet 18
  • AShall I compare thee to a summer’s day? B Thou art more lovely and more temperate: A Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, B And summer’s lease hath all too short a date:
  • C Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, D And often is his gold complexion dimmed; C And every fair from fair sometimes declines, D By chance, or nature’s changing course, untrimmed;
  • E But thy eternal summer shall not fade, F Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest, E Nor shall death brag thou wander’st in his shade, F When in eternal lines to time thou growest;
  • G So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see, G So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
sonnet 18 parody
Sonnet 18 – Parody
  • Shall I compare thee to a bale of hay?
  • Thou art more dusty and far less neat.
  • Rough winds do toss thy mop about, I'd say,
  • Which looks far worse than hay a horse would eat.
  • Sometime thy squinty eye looks into mine
  • Through stringy, greasy hair that needs be trimm'd,
  • And ne'er a horse had such a stench as thine,
  • As though in stagnant sewers thou hast swimm'd.
  • Thy disgusting image shall not fade;
  • This my tortured mind and soul doth know.
  • O, I should love to hit thee with a spade;
  • And with that blow I hope that thou wouldst go.
  • So long as I can breathe, my eyes can see,
  • And I can run, I'll stay away from thee...
  • copyright1991anthonybaldwin
sonnet 130
Sonnet 130
  • My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun; Coral is far more red than her lips' red; If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun;If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.
  • I have seen roses damask'd, red and white, But no such roses see I in her cheeks; And in some perfumes is there more delight Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks.
  • I love to hear her speak, yet well I know That music hath a far more pleasing sound; I grant I never saw a goddess go; My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground:
  • And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare As any she belied with false compare.
sonnet 46
Sonnet 46
  • Mine eye and heart are at a mortal war
  • How to divide the conquest of thy sight;
  • Mine eye my heart thy picture's sight would bar,
  • My heart mine eye the freedom of that right.
  • My heart doth plead that thou in him dost lie—
  • A closet never pierced with crystal eyes—
  • But the defendant doth that plea deny
  • And says in him thy fair appearance lies.
  • To 'cide this title is impanneled
  • A quest of thoughts, all tenants to the heart,
  • And by their verdict is determined
  • The clear eye's moiety and the dear heart's part:
  • As thus; mine eye's due is thy outward part,
  • And my heart's right thy inward love of heart.
sonnet 116
Sonnet 116
  • Let me not to the marriage of true minds Admit impediments; love is not loveWhich alters when it alteration finds,Or bends with the remover to remove:
  • O, no, it is an ever-fixèd mark,That looks on tempests and is never shaken;It is the star to every wand'ring bark,Whose worth's unknown, although his heighth be taken.
  • Love's not Time's fool, though rosy lips and cheeksWithin his bending sickle's compass come;Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks,But bears it out even to the edge of doom.
  • If this be error and upon me proved,I never writ, nor no man ever loved.