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SESSION 3: PROTECTION FROM SEXUAL ABUSE AND EXPLOITATION. AT THE END OF SESSION 3, YOU SHOULD BE FAMILIAR WITH:. Core Principles of a Code of Conduct for Protection from Sexual Abuse and Exploitation (Secretary General’s Bulletin) Implications of the Core Principles for UNICEF staff behaviour.
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IASC TASK FORCE ON PROTECTION FROM SEXUAL EXPLOITATION AND ABUSE IN HUMANITARIAN CRISES
Grave allegations - West Africa
Requires shift in UN and humanitarian agencies cultures and approaches
Sexual exploitation derives from unequal power relationships
Physical - HIV infection, STI, genital injury, abdominal pain, unwanted pregnancy, death
Psychological - emotional pain, powerlessness, apathy, denial, deep depression, suicide, infanticide
Social - Rejection by spouse, shunned, ostracised, or stigmatised; deprivation of education, employment, assistance
Sexual abuse - actual or threatened physical intrusion of a sexual nature
Sexual exploitation - abuse of a position of vulnerability, differential power, or trust for sexual purposes
Humanitarian workers - all workers engaged by humanitarian agencies, national or international, formally or informally, retained from the beneficiary community
Sexual exploitation and abuse by humanitarian workers constitutes gross misconduct - termination of employment
Sexual activity with children (<18) absolutely prohibited regardless of age of majority locally
Exchange of money, employment, goods, services for sex is prohibited
Sexual relationships between humanitarian workers and beneficiaries is strong discouraged
Suspicion/concern of sexual exploitation by any humanitarian worker anywhere must be reported
Humanitarian workers are mandated to maintain an environment that prevents sexual exploitation and abuse and promotes the core principles
Prohibited:Exchange of assistance for sex; sexual relations with any child (i.e. <18)
Discouraged:Sexual relations with adult beneficiaries
Duties:to beneficiaries; to report; and to foster environment of prevention, respect and dignity
Staff member respondsTHE REPORTING PROCESS
refers to Joint Disciplinary Committee
Factual report with
Decides whether to pursue
Staff member informed of allegations, due process rights
Reviews; recommends action to Executive Director
All UNICEF staff are obliged not to have sex with children, to report suspected sex abuse and exploitation, and to create/maintain an environment free of sexual exploitation
The Core Principles of a Code of Conduct for Protection from Sexual Abuse and Exploitation apply to all UN staff and do not allow for exceptions