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Old People & Mental/Physical Handicapped Social Welfare Organizations Safety Control Standard Operation Procedure Examples Executive Entity: Direct by: Deputy Director HUANG, Hong-mo Reported by: Section Chief CHEN, Kuen-huang Table of Contents Disaster Situation Disaster Prevention

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slide1
Old People & Mental/Physical Handicapped Social Welfare Organizations Safety Control Standard Operation Procedure Examples

Executive Entity:

  • Direct by: Deputy Director HUANG, Hong-mo
  • Reported by: Section Chief CHEN, Kuen-huang
table of contents
Table of Contents
  • Disaster Situation
  • Disaster Prevention
  • Disaster Response
  • Post Disaster Investigation and Testing
  • Expected Objectives & Visions
cases of fire disasters in old people mental physical handicapped organizations in japan

Table 1: Fire Disasters in Old People & Mental/Physical Handicapped Social Welfare Organizations & Sanitaria in Japan

Cases of Fire disasters in Old People & Mental/Physical Handicapped Organizations in Japan
disaster situation
Disaster Situation
  • A fire broke out due to alleged overheated electric appliance at 00:35 in early morning at a certain sanitarium located in Taipei County.
  • The fire started on the first floor of a 4-story RC condominium, connected to a steel frame flat without building license.
  • The sanitarium has not been duly registered, covering an area of 254 M2, provided with 33 wards.
  • The fire broke out from the first floor and the death was only more than 10 M away from the exit.
  • The fire took eleven lives and caused ten injuries.
slide5

No.

Mobility

Aids

Description

1.

Totally incapable to escape alone

-----

For the senile people suffering chronic diseases and failing to leave bed without help, helping hand and time to be consumed shall be taken into consideration.

2.

With the help of walking aid

Other people, walking stick, walking helper…etc.

1. Capable of moving around with aid.

2. Though not depending on any aid, slow and difficult in moving.

3. Though not depending on any aid, help from other people is required when getting nervous in disaster situation.

3.

Entirely relying upon walking aid

Other people, wheelchair, etc.

1. Entirely relying upon aid, e.g. in a wheelchair.

2. Capable of lateral movement only, vertical movement is impossible.

Characterization of the Old People’s Movement

in Escaping from Disaster

slide6

Analysis of Escape Environment Requirements for Various Types of Handicapped

Type of Handicapped

Abilities of recognition and movement

Requirements of barrier free environmental Conditions

Requirements of Escape Conditions

1. Make available the emergency escape facilities.

2. Guide and help to permit deferred escape.

3. Fast and effective transmission of information.

Mental Retard

Intelligence Barrier

Simple and readable signs or signals

Visual Impedance

Intelligence Barrier

1. Conspicuous signals

2. Signals transmitted via voice

Movement Barrier

1. Less elevation difference

2. Less protrusions

3. More guide facilities

4. More space for operation of the walking stick

5. Simplified flow line system

Audio Impedance

Intelligence Barrier

Use visual signs or signals to replace audio transmission

Fast and effective transmission of information

1. Make available the emergency escape facilities.

2. Guide and help to permit deferred escape.

3. Fast and effective transmission of information.

Physical Impedance

Movement Barrier

  • Less elevation difference, more passage and operation space for wheelchair and walking stick.

Motion Barrier

More hand rest facilities, promotion facilities with allowing easier operation.

slide7

Multiple Impedance

Visual, Hearing & Multiple Impedance

Intelligence Barrier

1. Make available the emergency escape facilities.

2. Guide and help to permit deferred escape.

3. Fast and effective transmission of information.

Analysis of Escape Environment Requirements for Various Types of Handicapped

Type of Handicapped

Abilities of recognition and movement

Movement Barrier

Requirements of barrier free environmental Conditions

1. Less elevation difference

2. Less protrusions

3. More guide facilities

4. More space for operation of the walking stick

5. Simplified flow line system

Requirements of Escape Conditions

Mental Retard, Physical Impedance,

Cerebral Palsy

Intelligence Barrier

Simple and readable signs or signals

Movement Barrier

Less elevation difference, more space for operation and passage of the wheelchair walking stick, and Simplified flow line system

Motion Barrier

More hand rest facilities, promotion facilities with allowing easier operation.

fire safety control strategy 1
Fire Safety Control & Strategy 1
  • Active fire safety facilities in user friendly design
  • Passive building structure fire design
  • Continue improved fire safety inspection, and follow-up of monitor and control
  • Follow through fire control system
  • Fortify self-defense fire organization training

20

22

fortifying self defense fire organization training
Fortifying self-defense fire organization training
  • Japan
    • The sanitarium and similar organizations shall enter into and maintain a mutual help system with the fire agency nearby, and install emergency fire alarm on-line system.
  • Singapore
    • Any special medical information provided by the families of the tenants or the doctors.
  • USA
    • Help the invalid to escape from the site of disaster by simulating the disaster situations during daytime or at night (e.g., fire disaster, explosion, earthquake, etc.)
  • UK
    • The care-taker in the rescuer groups shall receive escape training sessions at least twice each year.
    • The wheelchair user shall receive escape training session at least once a year.
fire safety control strategies 2
Fire Safety Control & Strategies 2
  • Follow through inspection and service declaration for review.
  • Improve building safety inspection and follow-up control.
  • Disclose building and fire safety information.
  • Promote insurance system (property insurance and life insurance).
  • Supervision and efficiency evaluation of fire prevention.
disaster prevention functional authorities building control agency
Disaster Prevention Functional Authorities --- Building Control Agency
  • Improve building safety inspection and follow-up control
  • Maintain fire escape facilities and equipment safety
  • Disclose build safety information
  • Promote fire insurance system
  • Follow through emergency evacuation safety program
  • Review building use and control
  • Control and restriction of number of invalid of accommodation
  • Fire load control
disaster prevention functional authorities fire agency
Disaster Prevention Functional Authorities --- Fire Agency
  • Continue to improve fire safety inspection and follow-up of monitor and control
  • Carry out fire safety equipment service declaration system
  • Carry out flame prevention system
  • Carry out fire control system
  • Improve self-defense fire organization training
  • Prevent arson to minimize personal injury and loss of life
  • Improve disaster prevention propaganda
  • Produce examples of joint fire protection program
  • Dedicated inspection team to be organized by local fire departments
disaster prevention functional authorities social administration agency
Disaster Prevention Functional Authorities --- Social Administration Agency
  • Periodical visit by social worker
  • Maintain a certain ratio among nursing, social work and service workforces as required by care taking and control of the invalids
  • Control of number of invalid accommodated
  • Care-taker escape guide training and control
  • Barrier free space and facilities control
fire response mechanism flow chart

Central Disaster Prevention & Protection Communiqué(with Prime Minister as the Promoter)

National Disaster Prevention & Protection Commission at Executive Yuan: Vice PM as Chairman

CHR Center

Full-time officials from Departments of Fire, Police Administration, Building & Construction, Land Administration, Social Affairs, and Military Service…etc.

(Emergency Response)

National Science Council

(NSC)

Others

Environment Protection Administration

(EPA)

Ministry of Transportation and Communications

(MOTC)

Council of Agriculture

(COA)

Ministry of Economic Affairs

(MOEA)

Ministry of the Interior

(MOI)

Chairman of Disaster Prevention & Protection Advisory Commission

Special Search and Rescue Squad, and training center

Typhoon, earthquake, fire, explosion

Flood, draught, gaseous fuel, power transmission

Cold disaster,

debris flow

Disasters in air, on sea, and land traffic accidents

Disaster Prevention & Protection regulating authorities designated by the Central Disaster Prevention & Protection Communiqué or as provided by the law

Toxic chemical substance disaster

Disaster Prevention & Protection Technology Center

Disaster Prevention & Protection Research and advices

National Army (as Backup)

search and rescue organizations

National Defense &Civil Defense Mobilization

City Level Disaster Prevention Communiqué, Disaster Response Center

Other local governments

Rural Level Disaster Prevention Communiqué, Disaster Response Center

non-government organizations including civil organizations and community organizations

)

)

Fire Response Mechanism Flow Chart
emergency communication system

Primer of Ministry

Vice Primer of Ministry

Minister without Portfolio (in charge of Disaster Prevention & Protection )

General Secretary

Vice General Secretary

Director ofPrimer of Ministry Office

Head of Section 1

Heads of other Operation Sections

Executive Yuan

Executive Yuan Disaster Prevention & Protection Commission

02-2388-2505

9

02-23882119

Ext.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

(MOEA)

Council of

Agriculture

(COA)

Ministry of the Interior

(MOI)

Council of Labor Affairs

(CLA)

Ministry of Transportation and Communications

(MOTC)

Environment Protection Administration(EPA)

Atomic Energy Council

(AEC)

Department of Health

(DOH)

24H Media Monitor System Government Info Bureau

Central Non Fire/Disaster Regulating Authorities

Fire Department

Central/local Non-Disaster Prevention & Protection Regulating Authorities or Central Agencies

Central/local Disaster Prevention & Protection Regulating Authorities or Central Agencies

Fire Bureau (119) of Local Government

General Public

Emergency Communication System
fire incidence command system ics initial response 1

Commander

(Divisional Leader, Squad Leader)

Disaster Rescue Section

(Squad Leader)

Medical Section

(Senior Member)

Ambulance Section 1

Fire Engine Section 1

Fire Engine Section 2

Ambulance Section 2

Fire Incidence Command System (ICS)Initial Response 1
fire incidence command system ics initial response 2

Commander

(Deputy Captain)

Second in Command (Divisional Leader)

Plan Coordination Section

Disaster Rescue Section

(Divisional Leader)

Medical Section

(Divisional Leader)

Alert Control Section

(Head of Precinct)

Ambulance Sec. 1

Fire Engine Sec. 1

Security Maintenance Squad

Fire Engine Sec. 2

Ambulance Sec. 2

Security Maintenance Squad

Fire Incidence Command System (ICS)Initial Response 2
fire extension response

Commander (Commissioner of Fire Bureau)

Second in Command a/s Spokesman

(Deputy Commissioner)

Plan Coordination Section

(Captain)

Disaster Rescue Section

(Fire Deputy Captain)

Shelter & Remedy Section

(Chief of

Social Bureau)

Logistics Finance Section

(Director of Secretary Office)

Medical Section

(Divisional Leader)

Alert Control Section

(Head of Precinct)

Ambulance Sec. 1

Consumer Products Supply Unit

Fire Engine Sec. 1

Refugees Service Unit

Security Maintenance Unit

Fire Engine Sec. 2

Mental Consulting Unit

Ambulance Sec. 2

Response Logistics Unit

Traffic Control Unit

Fire Extension Response
expanded response 1

Commander

(Deputy Mayor)

Second in Command a/s Spokesman

(Deputy General Secretary)

Plan Coordination Section

(Fire Commissioner)

Resources Control Unit

Disaster Rescue Section

(Fire Deputy Captain)

Shelter & Remedy Section

(Chief of Social Bureau)

Logistics Finance Section

(Director of Secretary Office)

Medical Section

(Med Station)

Alert Control Section

(Head of Precinct)

Consumer Products Supply Unit

Security Maintenance Unit

Ambulance Sec.

Fire Units

Refugees Service Unit

Mental Consulting Unit

Med Ambulance Sec. 2

Response Logistics Unit

Police

Fire Squad

Military Police

Search Squad

Power Units

Traffic Control Unit

Police

Military Police

Expanded Response 1
expanded response 2

Commander

(Deputy Mayor)

Second in Command a/s Spokesman

(Deputy General Secretary)

News Sec.

News Release Center

Plan Coordination Section

(Fire Commissioner)

Disaster Analysis Unit

Resources Control Unit

Disaster Rescue Section

(Fire Deputy Captain)

Shelter & Remedy Section

(Chief of Social Bureau)

Logistics Finance Section

(Director of Secretary Office)

Medical Section

(Med Station)

Alert Control Section

(Head of Precinct)

Consumer Products Supply Unit

Security Maintenance Unit

Ambulance Sec.

Fire Units

Refugees Service Unit

Med Ambulance Sec. 2

Mental Consulting Unit

Police

Fire Squad

Charities

Military Police

Search Squad

Casualty Handling Unit

Response Logistics Unit

Traffic Control Unit

Power Units

Police

Public Utilities

Military Police

Telecom

Tap Water

Gas Unit

Expanded Response 2
post investigation testing
Post Investigation & Testing
  • Fire Investigation Procedure
    • Case report handling and attendance, midway observation, arrival observation and enquiry
    • Locking out and preserve the site of incidence, site investigation, producing the report and case submittal
  • Investigation of characterization of escape by the old people and the mental/physical handicapped
  • Investigation of the design of active and passive fire facilities
  • Investigation of self-defense organization and training
  • Investigation of barrier free environment and facilities
  • Investigation of the ratios of users, controllers and tenants
expected objectives
Expected Objectives
  • Short-range
    • Following through implementation of the existing rules and regulations, and promotion of preventive system
    • Insurance system
    • User control
    • Control of number of tenants
  • Mid-range
    • Improving community organization and training
    • Upgrading fire facilities levels
    • Medical features for mental/physical health of the invalid and adaptation of fire and escape designs
  • Long-range
    • Amending the fire facilities specification taking features of the old people and the mental/physical handicapped into consideration
  • Vision
    • Creating user-friendly fire design and barrier free space
slide24

Thank you for joining us with the briefing

Your comments are welcome!

slide25

Entrance parts

Protection (reinforced fabric at bottom)

Tube

Handle

Stretching rope

Guide rope

Lower support

Fixation box

Weight (sand belt or equivalent)

Inclined descending type 2

  • Design of Escape Guide Lamp
    • Larger guide lamps
    • Flaring guide lamps (for audio impedance)
    • Guide lamps with voice (for visual impedance)
  • Alarm Design
    • Installation of real-time broadcasting communication system (to announce the location of provisional safety escape area)
    • Shorten the range to access to the installation of manual alarm system(Physical Impedance)
  • Design of Associate Evacuation Facilities
    • Life Belt
    • Escape Slide Deck
slide26

Apparatus

Impedance

Multiple

Physical

Vision

Mental

Audio

1.Life Bag

2.Slide Deck

3.Escape Bridge

Δ

Δ

Δ

Δ

Δ

4. Slow Descending Machine

Δ

Δ

Δ

Δ

Δ

5.Escape Ladder

X

X

X

6.Escape Rope & Slide Post

X

X

X

X

X

Comparison of Feasibilities of

Various Types of Escape Apparatus

return

nonconformities frequently identified during public safety inspection

1. Additional iron gate in stairways, grill not locked

2. Public facilities (elevating system fails)

Outside the Sanitarium

3. Iron window or cabinet blocking emergency exit

4. Absence or limited space of escape deck

Factors of Nonconformity

1. Changed partition

2. Damaged fire zoning

Inside the Sanitarium

3. Absence of non-flammable/fire withstanding materials Certificate

4. Corridor too narrow

5. Conflict against barrier free facilities

Nonconformities Frequently Identified during Public Safety Inspection
slide28
Horizontal Escape Area Planning
    • Two-way escape routes
    • Provisional escape area
    • Escape area provided with safety facilities (balcony, front room, escape deck, and planning of relative safety area)
  • Minimizing accumulation of smokes by ventilation system or forced containment methods (smoke control)
  • Increase vertical escape passages (to secure the safety with a positive pressure belt by taking advantage of pressure difference of the emergency elevator)
  • Prevent higher floor and lower the use intensity
  • Escape plan
    • Barrier free building escape flow line facilities
    • More time permitted for escape

return