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Robotics

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  1. Robotics A Presentation By Matt Fahse

  2. Outline • Introduction • History • Robotics Today • The Future of Robotics • References

  3. Introduction • What is a robot? • A machine that can do work • Interacts with its surroundings • Controlled by a computer (Bekey, 2001) Wikipedia, 2005

  4. History • Automatons • Built in Europe in the 18th century • Watchmakers built dolls that could move independently • They could perform simple tasks (Branwyn, 2004)

  5. History • Feedback • A method of controlling the function of a robot • The robot receives information from its environment and makes adjustments • Used in both early and modern robots • Helped to make the use of robots in factories possible (Bekey, 2001)

  6. History • Meaning of the word “Robot” • First used in a play by Karel Capek • Derivation of “robota” • Translated as an “unskilled laborer” from Czech • These robots resembled humans • For a long time, robots were conceived to look like humans (Murphy, 2000)

  7. Robotics Today • Robots are not necessarily built to look like humans • This concept is outdated • Function determines the appearance • Its structure should make the robot’s work efficient (Murphy, 2000)University of Michigan, 2005

  8. Robotics Today • Many advances have been made • Robots can perform complicated tasks • They can handle sensitive objects • Quite useful for industrial purposes • 700,000 robots in use in the world in 1995 • They can do work that would be hazardous or difficult for people (Bekey, 2001)

  9. Robotics Today • Limitations • Usually can only perform a single job • Unable to learn new tasks • Most of today’s robots are designed to perform highly repetitive tasks • They can perform these functions more quickly than people (Branwyn, 2004)

  10. Robotics Today • Robots can replace unskilled workers • The loss of these jobs is a concern • Using more robots for industrial purposes provides more job opportunities • These robots must be designed, built, and maintained • These careers require a high level of training (Bekey, 2001)

  11. The Future of Robotics • Micro Robots • Machines with measurements of only several millimeters • Useful for work in places which are difficult to access • They could be placed within larger machines to make repairs • They could also be used in medical applications (Bekey, 2001)

  12. The Future of Robotics • More advanced computers • More sophisticated artificial intelligence • Robots will be able to adapt • They will be capable of learning from previous experiences • They may even be able to plan for the future (Bekey, 2001)

  13. The Future of Robotics • Robots may be given more independence • They may be capable of managing entire factories • They could be used to organize military operations (Bekey, 2001) Transfandom, 2005

  14. References Bekey, G. A. 2001. Robot. Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia 2002. Branwyn, G. 2004. Absolute Beginner’s Guide to Building Robots. Que Publishing, Indianapolis, IN, pp. 7, 28. Murphy, R. R. 2000. Introduction to AI Robotics. The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 2-3. Transfandom. 2005. http://matrix.transfandom.com/toy/images/60_robot.jpg (April 17, 2006). University of Michigan, 2005. http://www.umich.edu/~urecord/0405/Jan10_05/img/050110_robot.jpg (April 17, 2006). Wikipedia, 2005. “Image:Toyota Robot at Toyota Kaikan.jpg.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Toyota_Robot_at_Toyota_Kaikan.jpg (April 17, 2006).