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Motion Pictures cultural reflections Early History of Film Silent Films created a suspension of disbelief Used as narratives Examples Luminere Brothers in Europe 1895 (elite) Thomas Edison 1896 (masses) Classic Films A Trip to the Moon (1902) Special effects

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motion pictures

Motion Pictures

cultural reflections

early history of film
Early History of Film

Silent Films

  • created a suspension of disbelief
  • Used as narratives

Examples

  • Luminere Brothers in Europe 1895 (elite)
  • Thomas Edison 1896 (masses)
classic films
Classic Films
  • A Trip to the Moon (1902) Special effects
  • The Great Train Robbery (1903) Storytelling
  • Birth of a Nation (1915)

Most expensive film produced to date ($110,000)

the strong impact of movies
The strong impact of movies
  • Creates a dreamlike image or idea
  • Atmosphere is dark with minimal distractions
  • Emotional ties to real life situations
  • Our cultural stories are created/influenced
early research questions the power of film
Early research questions the power of film

In 1920s the Payne Fund studies the affect of motion pictures on society

  • How do motion picture morals compare to U.S. moral standards?
  • Do films cause delinquency in youth?
  • How do films affect the behavior of children?
  • What were the findings?
as a result
As a result…

The industry responded by strengthening the production codes (self-censorship) The Hayes Office

  • No immoral behavior
  • No nudity
  • No profanity
  • No skimpy dress
  • Only married people in the bedroom ( but in separate beds)
  • Some words out (God, hell, sex, guts, nuts, louse)
  • Timed kisses
psychological effects
Psychological Effects

How movies work psychologically

Persistence of Vision

  • The eye retains an image

on the retina for a fraction of

a second after the image disappears

  • Fast changing still photos

create an illusion of motion

phi phenomenon
Phi Phenomenon

Max Wertheimer 1912

  • This perceptual illusion is described as one light source

goes out… another next to it goes on

  • Looks to us like the light is moving
international issues
International Issues

“Cultural Imperialism”

Many nations outside the U.S. are increasingly concerned about the proliferation of U.S. films

As a result:

Quotas on how much U.S. films can be shown

Consider your most memorable image of a foreigner in a Hollywood movie.

welcome to bollywood
Welcome to Bollywood…

“Bollywood” is the informal name given to the popular Mumbai based Hindi language film industry.

  • Combine music, action, romance, suspense
  • No sex or kissing but symbolic fountain bursts
  • Usually over three hours long
  • it produces 1000 films a year (twice as U.S.)
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