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History of motion pictures. Movies today shaped by a history and culture emphasizing profits, avoiding controversy. Early moving pictures. Phase 1 : movement Lumiere Brothers, Edison Phase 2 : story telling, art One Reelers D.W. Griffith Adventures of Dolly Lonedale Operator.

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history of motion pictures

History of motion pictures

Movies today shaped by a history and culture emphasizing profits, avoiding controversy

early moving pictures
Early moving pictures
  • Phase 1: movement

Lumiere Brothers, Edison

  • Phase 2: story telling, art
  • One Reelers
  • D.W. Griffith

Adventures of Dolly

Lonedale Operator

rise of hollywood
Rise of Hollywood
  • Impatience within industry
  • Desire to innovate
  • Move to western U.S.
  • Rural LA: sunshine plentiful, little rain, many barns
birth of a nation 1915
Birth of a Nation, 1915
  • D.W. Griffith’s pioneering feature film
  • From Dixon’s The Clansman
  • Cost: $100K; revenues $18m
  • 3+ hours
  • Technical quality high
  • Highly racist – reactions
  • Movies = middle class medium
rise of the star system
Rise of the star system
  • Economics of star system
  • Chaplin, Pickford, Arbuckle
  • Creating stars: Theda Bara
  • Rudolph Valentino
movie industry structure
Movie industry structure
  • Concentration of ownership
  • Edison, Motion Picture Trust
  • Zukor: Vertical Integration –

production, distribution, exhibition

  • Coming of Sound: Big 6

production, distribution, exhibition

caution self censorship
Caution, self censorship
  • Fearful of govt. regulation
  • Extensive self censorship

Hays Office– 1920s

  • Motion Picture Code, 1934
  • Legion of Decency, 1930s-60s
  • Least Offensive Programming
  • Lowest Common Denominator
business practices
Business Practices
  • Golden age of the movies, 1928-48
  • Formula
  • Block booking
  • Blind selling
post world war 2
Post World War 2

1. Attendance plummets due to

  • TV, suburbs
  • Movie costs soar
  • Paramount decree, 1948

2. Efforts to revive industry

  • Innovation
  • Blockbusters
  • Formulas
hollywood revival
Hollywood revival
  • Switch to TV production
  • Selling old films to TV
  • Home video
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