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Stuffed: The Role of the Food Industry in Obesity Prevention Key Messages Food industry holds the keys to solving the obesity crisis Your work is commendable, but falling short Things you can do You represent the Defenders I am here to try to help you understand:

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slide1

Stuffed:

The Role of the Food Industry

in Obesity Prevention

key messages
Key Messages
  • Food industry holds the keys to solving the obesity crisis
  • Your work is commendable, but falling short
  • Things you can do
slide3

You represent the Defenders

  • I am here to try to help you understand:
    • How the food industry thinks and makes their decisions
    • How you can motivate and drive them to doing what’s best for the public good
obesity playing field perceived roles
Obesity Playing FieldPerceived Roles

Perpetrators

  • Food & Beverage Cos.
  • Restaurants

Defenders

  • Government
  • Advocates
  • Researchers
  • Health Care community

Victims

  • Consumers
obesity playing field primary motivations
Obesity Playing FieldPrimary Motivations

Perpetrators

  • Sales
  • Market share
  • Profit

Defenders

  • The public health
  • Advocacy

Victims

  • Taste
  • Health (for some)
obesity playing field political skews
Obesity Playing FieldPolitical Skews

Perpetrators

  • CPG – Republican/Independent
  • Rests – Conservative Wing

Defenders

  • Advocates/Researchers - Liberal/Democrat
  • Public Health Community - Varied

Victims

  • Varied
current model
Current Model

Industry

  • Consumer health per se is not the primary driver
    • Must make money to survive and flourish
    • Not rewarded by their shareholders just for going healthier
    • Quarterly earnings pressures push short term agendas
  • Historically, industry resistant to change, especially restaurants
  • Positions have been passive and not proactive
    • “Offer healthy options”
    • “Consumers responsible for themselves”
current model8
Current Model

Defenders

  • Skeptical of industry’s willingness to change
    • Perhaps jaded by industry resistance to proposed changes
  • Lack financial arrows in their quiver to educate the public
current model9
Current Model

Defenders

  • Skeptical of industry’s willingness to change
    • Perhaps jaded by industry resistance to proposed changes
  • Lack financial arrows in their quiver to educate the public
  • Perceived as absolute/draconian
    • Good vs. bad foods
    • Bans
    • Taxation
the defenders
The Defenders
  • Education
    • Not enough $ to counter marketing budgets of large food corporations
    • Food Pyramid Guidelines difficult to interpret
      • Emphasis on ingredients not end products
      • Serving sizes still misunderstood
      • Confusing – worst, not best foods at top (apex)
    • On-package nutritional labeling required by NLEA has not stemmed tide of rising obesity
    • Programs pushing fruits & vegetables have not increased frequency and consumption in the last decade

So many well-intentioned initiatives, so few victories

the defenders11
The Defenders
  • School vending machine initiatives underway to replace/reduce high calorie beverages and snacks
  • Trans fats banned in select municipalities and California
  • Calorie counts on restaurant chain menu boards in New York City
    • 80% of consumer experienced “sticker shock”

Recent Initiatives

current model12
Current Model

Consumers

  • Consumers challenged to change their behavior
    • Failed diets
    • Lack of exercise/movement
    • Stressed (time; mentally; physically)
    • Convenience Culture
    • Nutritionally confused
    • Most lack the discipline to say “No”(1)
      • Only a minority plans/is structured enough to follow through
      • Not an issue of “Should” – they know they should eat better

(1) Source: Myers-Briggs Type Indicator

Don’t Expect to Solve the Problem

results america still getting fatter
Results: America Still getting fatter
  • No state recorded an obesity rate of 20% or higher in 1990; today only 1 state (Colorado) boasts an obesity rate under 20%!
  • Southern tier in more dire straights
    • Obesity rates in every state except Florida and Virginia @ 25% or more
    • The only 3 states with obesity rates exceeding 30% are in the South
  • Jury still out on newer initiatives
implications
Implications

Public health and regulatory initiatives are crucial….but alone will not get the job done

so how do we address this
So How Do We Address This?

Solving the obesity crisis requires a whole new mindset

so how do we address this17
So How Do We Address This?
  • Industry must make $...RESPONSIBLY

Solving the obesity crisis requires a whole new mindset

so how do we address this18
So How Do We Address This?
  • Industry must make $...RESPONSIBLY
  • Defenders focus on guidelines not how-to’s; acknowledge corporations must make a profit

Solving the obesity crisis requires a whole new mindset

so how do we address this19
So How Do We Address This?
  • Industry must make $...RESPONSIBLY
  • Defenders focus on guidelines not how-to’s; acknowledge corporations must make a profit
  • Consumers passengers; let them eat “healthier” cake

Solving the obesity crisis requires a whole new mindset

so how do we address this20
So How Do We Address This?

Help the food industry profit from selling healthier food rather than penalizing them

  • They NEED to make a profit (NOT optional)
  • They are the best marketers
  • They have the most money
  • They can deliver the products consumers will buy
  • They have the organizational structure to execute
a modest approach
A Modest Approach
  • Defenders, with industry/associations, identify what the goals are
    • Set overarching Guidelines
    • With timelines or milestones
    • Provisions for non-compliance
  • Food industry figures out how to solve the problem
primary goal
Primary Goal
  • Focus on reducing calories across company portfolios
    • Other offenders like fat/sugars reduced by default

Calories

dietary energy policy
(Dietary) Energy Policy
  • Example Guideline: A company’s weighted # of calories per product across its portfolio must be (X) within 5 years
    • Comparable to Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFÉ) standards (Average 35 mpg by 2020)
      • Why? Not enough automobile fuel (oil), too much dietary fuel (calories)
case examples
Case Examples

Example #1 - School Vending

  • Alabama has established Guidelines:
    • limit/remove soft drinks
    • and high calorie beverages
    • replace with low/no calorie
    • beverages
case examples26
Case Examples

Example #1 - School Vending

  • Program Status (Nationally)
    • Beverage calories shipped to schools down 58%
      • Shift to waters, portion-controlled sports drinks and diet drinks
    • 65% of vending machines changed over
    • 79% of schools in compliance with national Guidelines
case examples27
Case Examples

Example #1 - School Vending

  • Why This Works?
  • For Industry
    • Keeps them in schools
      • Brand awareness & trial
      • Source of high margin sales
    • Substitute beverage profits comparable to soft drinks
  • For Schools/Students
    • Source of needed revenues
    • Better for the kids
case examples28
Case Examples

Example #1 - School Vending

  • Minneapolis District Test
    • # vendors increased from 4 to 16
      • 13 bottled water and/or juice (high traffic areas)
      • 2 sports drinks
      • 1 soft drinks (limited hours)
    • Different pricing levels
      • Bottled water $ 0.75
      • Juice/sports drinks $ 1.00
      • Soft drinks $ 1.25
    • Result: CSD sales down; total vending profits up $4K
case examples29
Case Examples

Example #2 – Controlled Calorie Packs

  • Early evidence that 100 calorie packs are effective
    • Center for Human Nutrition at the University of Colorado-Denver:
      • “People ate 120 calories a day less when eating from 100-calorie packs than when they were given the regular packages”
case examples30
Case Examples

Example #2 – Controlled Calorie Packs

  • Suggest 100-Calorie packs become de rigueur in snack aisles and school vending machines
    • Win for manufacturers
      • Higher gross margins per package
      • Sustained visibility in schools
    • Win for schools/students
      • Less calories per purchase
      • Provides revenue stream to schools
case examples31
Case Examples

Example #3a – Restaurant Initiatives

  • “Zero-sizing”
    • Beverages highly profitable → reason for supersizing
    • Price (32 oz.) $ 1.19
    • Cost .36
    • Gross Profit $ 0.83
case examples32
Case Examples

Example #3a – Restaurant Initiatives

  • “Zero-sizing”
    • Calories not a factor regardless of drink size
    • Opportunity to retain economics of larger-sizes
can this be implemented
Can This Be Implemented?
  • Key issue: Self-serve beverage dispensers prevalent in QSRs
  • Solution: New Dispenser Unit
  • 100+ beverage options
  • Promotional dollars for Zero-sizing
  • Special code to only fill with Coke Zero or other low calorie drinks
case examples34
Case Examples

Example #3b – Restaurant Initiatives

  • Healthier Beverages for Kids
  • Issues:
    • Beverage options mostly high in calories
      • Accentuated by “free refill” policies
    • Nutrition often lacking
case examples35
Case Examples

Example #3b – Restaurant Initiatives

  • Healthier Beverages for Kids
    • Branded product as base +
    • Flavor ingredient(s) +
    • Fruit garnish = New Beverage
    • ½ calories of equivalent beverages
    • Each contains a nutritional element
      • e.g., Calcium; Vitamin C
case examples36
Case Examples

Example #3b – Restaurant Initiatives

  • Healthier Beverages for Kids
  • Benefits
    • Premium price yields higher profits for restaurant
    • Company secures more occasions to sell its products
    • Parents pleased about child consuming a healthier beverage
    • Kids happy about the taste + fun
case examples37
Case Examples

Example #3c – Restaurant Initiatives

  • Capping Combos
    • Combo meals a major source of excess calories
      • Value proposition that trades customer up to additional item purchase(s)
    • Drinks and fries are highly profitable
case examples38
Case Examples

Example #3c – Restaurant Initiatives

  • Capping Combos
    • Opportunity to “cap” total calories in a Combo Meal
      • Example Guideline: Cap the calories at 750
        • Ensures bundled items don’t become “Weapons of Mass Consumption”
weapons of mass consumption example
“Weapons of Mass Consumption”Example

Monster Thickburger® 1420 cals

Large Crispy Curls 480 cals Soft Drink (32 oz.) 388 cals

2288 cals

case examples40
Case Examples

Example #3c – Restaurant Initiatives

  • Capping Combos
    • Example
      • Little Thick Cheeseburger 470 cals
      • Small Crispy Curls 260 cals
      • Diet Dr. Pepper 0 cals
      • 730 cals
case examples41
Case Examples

Example #3c – Restaurant Initiatives

  • Capping Combos
    • Example
      • Double Cheeseburger 440 cals
      • Small Fries 230 cals
      • Coca-Cola Zero 0 cals
      • 670 cals
will industry go for this
Will Industry Go For This?
  • Must show them that not trying to truncate their profits
    • Just want them to lower the calories for the public good
  • Must even the playing field – Guidelines must apply to all chains/large players
  • Don’t get caught up in the details
the southern block
The Southern Block
  • Consider forging a Southern Blockto effect change
    • All Top 10 Most Obese states are Southern
    • Southern states > 35% of population
    • Fast food and soft drink sales skew disproportionately to Southern states
  • As a block, can influence what is sold in restaurants, grocery and convenience stores
the way to win win
The Way to Win-Win
  • Set overarching Guidelines to lower obesity rate
  • Package up win-win ideas for business
    • Show industry how they can still make $
  • Let the corporations figure it out how to implement
  • If they don’t do what they agree to do….
slide46

For More Information on These Ideas

  • From HarperCollins/Ecco
  • Available 1/27/09
  • Special Southern Obesity
  • Summit rate
  • (SOS@stuffednation.com)
stuffed the role of the food industry in obesity prevention

Stuffed: The Role of the Food Industry in Obesity Prevention

Thank You