introduction to equine science l.
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Introduction to Equine Science AKA- Horses I. Breeds II. General horse use in U.S. 75% are owned for personal pleasure 25% are for ranching, racing, breeding, and commercial riding III. Three main types of horse enterprises Breeding- breed mares and sell offspring

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ii general horse use in u s
II. General horse use in U.S.
  • 75% are owned for personal pleasure
  • 25% are for ranching, racing, breeding, and commercial riding
iii three main types of horse enterprises
III. Three main types of horse enterprises
  • Breeding- breed mares and sell offspring
  • Training- Train horses for show, competition, or racing
  • Boarding stables- Facilities for keeping horses (feed and care)
iv u s economics
IV. U.S. Economics
  • There is over ten million horses in the United states
  • Over 16 billion dollars is spent in the horse industry annually
  • Horse racing is the biggest spectator sport in the United States
v benefits of horses
V. Benefits of horses
  • Contribute to economic growth
  • Provide people with physical exercise
  • Provide a release of tensions
  • Responsibility
  • Family activities (shows, pleasure)
  • Competition (rodeos, racing, etc.)
  • Work (ranch, farm, hunting, etc.)
  • Fun/pleasure
vi classification by height
VI. Classification by height
  • A hand is 4 inches
  • Measured from ground to top of withers
  • 14-2 hands = 58 inches
  • Ponies are anything under 14-2 hands
  • Horses are anything at or over 14-2 hands
vii general uses of a horse
VII. General uses of a horse
  • pleasure
  • breeding
  • working stock
  • show
  • sport
viii purchasing a horse
VIII. Purchasing a horse
  • Breeders
    • most reliable
    • more expensive
    • certified quality
  • Private owners
    • good or bad, depending on the reason they are selling the horse
    • chance to get to know horse and owner
    • their guarentee may only be as good as their word
slide10
Auctions
    • Less reliable
    • Hard to know soundness
    • Who knows why it’s there
    • Private horse sales a little more reliable
ix what to do when buying
IX. What to do when buying
  • Find out horses history, pedigree if possible
  • Find out how well it is broke and who broke it, if possible
  • Age
  • Does it have any problems or a history of problems (lameness, bucking, disease, etc.)
  • Is it desirable in appearance
slide12
Watch it walk and check for soundness in legs
  • Ride horse (you may want to have the owner ride it first)
    • Check for bridle control, stops, athletic ability, other qualities that you desire
x age
X. Age
  • Younger horses usually need more training and a more experienced rider
  • Older horses are usually calmer, well broke, and less experienced riders are needed
  • Prime of life is 5-12 years old
  • Many NFR roping horses are near or in their twenties
xi sex of horse
XI. Sex of horse
  • Mares
    • Tend to be moody or flighty, especially when in heat and in presence of other mares
  • Geldings
    • More dependable and steady
  • Stallions
    • Hard to manage, especially in presence of a mare in heat
xii breed
XII. Breed
  • Pick a breed that will satisfy your needs
    • Quarterhorses- rodeo, stock, racing
    • Thoroughbred- racing
    • Arabians- endurance
    • Paints- color, show