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Equine Science. The Study of Horses. Source: AgriScience: Fundamentals and Applications . Delmar Publishers. 1990. 2001 AgriTeach.com TM (42501ms). How do we use horses?. Pleasure riding Show Horses Working stock - riding, pulling Equestrian Sports - Riding, Rodeo, etc.

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Equine science l.jpg

Equine Science

The Study of Horses

Source: AgriScience: Fundamentals and Applications. Delmar Publishers. 1990.

2001 AgriTeach.comTM (42501ms)


How do we use horses l.jpg
How do we use horses?

  • Pleasure riding

  • Show Horses

  • Working stock - riding, pulling

  • Equestrian Sports - Riding, Rodeo, etc.

  • Breeding Stock


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How do horses help humans?

  • Provide an economic industry

  • Provide people with exercise

  • Provide stress relief

  • Brings family together (shows, pleasure)

  • Competition (rodeos, racing, etc.)

  • Work (ranch, farm, hunting, etc.)

  • Fun/pleasure


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Sex Classifications

  • Foal

    • Newborn horse or pony

  • Filly

    • Young female horse or pony

  • Colt

    • Young male horse or pony

  • Mares

    • Mature female horse or pony

  • Geldings

    • Castrated male of horse family

  • Stallions

    • Adult, intact male horse or pony


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Breeds of Horses

  • Light Breeds

    • True Breeds

      • Registration papers

      • Parents of the same breed

      • Nearly 50 “True Breeds”

      • Arabian, Morgan, Thoroughbred, Quarter Horse, etc.

      • Quarter Horse is the most popular in the U.S.

    • Color Breeds

      • Characteristics may be considered for registration

      • Need not have parents of the same breed

      • Palomino, American white, American crème, pinto


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Breeds of Horses, Continued

  • Coach Horses

    • Disappeared with the stage coach

    • Cleveland Bay is a remaining breed

  • Draft Horses

    • Used mostly for show or recreation today

    • Belgian, Clydesdale, Percheron, Shire, Suffolk

  • Ponies

    • Smaller versions of the horse

    • Developed for their size (mining, etc.)

    • Today, are used as pets & for riding


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Horses are Classified by Height

  • A hand is 4 inches

  • Measured from ground to top of “withers”

  • 14.2 hands = about 57 inches = 4’ 9”

  • Ponies are anything under 14.2 hands

  • Horses are anything at or over 14.2 hands


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What Age Do I Purchase?

  • Younger horses

    • Usually need more training

    • Recommended for a more experienced rider

  • Older horses

    • Usually calmer, well broke

    • For less experienced riders

  • Prime of life is 5-12 years old


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Horse Statistics

  • There is over ten million horses in the U.S..

  • Over $16 billion spent on horses annually.

  • Horse racing a BIG spectator sport

  • 75% of horses are owned for pleasure

  • 25% are for ranching, racing, breeding, and commercial riding


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What Horse Enterprises are There?

  • Breeding

    • Breeding of mares

    • Offspring is sold

  • Training & Breaking

    • For show, competition, or racing

    • For individuals inexperienced in breaking

  • Boarding stables

    • Keeping horses (feed and care)


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Equine Science

The Study of Horses

Source: AgriScience: Fundamentals and Applications. Delmar Publishers. 1990.

2001 AgriTeach.comTM (42501ms)