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History of Astrology

History of Astrology

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History of Astrology

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  1. History of Astrology Brianna Bieker

  2. Ancient Beginnings • Neanderthals • Didn’t have astrology • Couldn’t predict when to hunt certain animals • Early Cavemen • Learned when to hunt based on sky and weather patterns • Early concept of astrology dictated when to hunt, fish, plant and celebrate • Why is Christmas celebrated in December?

  3. Sumerians 4000 BC • Baru-priests were the first astrologers • Read the sky for warnings • Predicted natural events • Designed a 12 month calendar • Identified cycles of the sun, moon, planets and stars • Old Babylonian Period 2000 BC • Focused on the well-being of the kingdom • Venus was associated with love and war • 1300 BC precursors to individual horoscopes

  4. Assyrian Era 1300-600 BC • State is more important than individual • Refined the calendar • Created star maps, constellations, and astrolabes • Astrologers were well-respected • Named 18 constellations • Most important planets were: • Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn • Emphasis on the Sun and moon as well

  5. Constellations 600 BC Aries-Luhunga Taurus-Guanna or Mul Gemini-Mastabagal or Mash Cancer-Nangar Leo-U-ra Virgo-Absin Libra-Zihanitum Scorpio-Gir-tab Sagittarius-Pah Capricorn-Suhur Aquarius-Gu or Gula Pisces-Zib

  6. Other cultures studying astrology • Chinese • Maya of Central America • India • Egypt • Possibly as early as 10,500 BC

  7. Greeks 450 BC • Hellenistic Greece • Beginnings of modern astrology • Astrology not reserved for royalty • Alexander the Great • Spread Hellenism over much of the Mediterranean area • Mythology • Greeks responsible for associating mythology with astrology

  8. Ptolemy 200 BC • Listed 48 constellations • Described latitude and longitude • Thought Earth was the center of the universe • Believed in the epicircle-the idea the each planet revolved in a smaller circle and a larger one • Idea survived 1400 years • Wrote the Almagest and the Tetrabiblos

  9. Decline of Astrology • Middle Ages 300 AD • Rise of Christianity • Church varied on its viewpoint of astrology • Renaissance 1450-1600s • Reemergence of astrology • Practiced by many Christians • Age of Enlightenment 1600s • Astrology is discredited because of rational and scientific thinking • “Ideological Earthquake”

  10. Bibliography http://www.astroenergetics.com/HTML/History.html http://www.astrologyparlor.com/features/history-astrology.html http://www.touregypt.net/astro/