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Great War. This slide show will advance on the mouse click. The photos were collected from various sources found On the Web---TRENCHES ON THE WEB UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS HELLFIRE CORNER JACK TURNER’S WAR

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Great War

This slide show will advance on the mouse click.

The photos were collected from various sources found













If I should die, think only this of me.

That there’s some corner of a foreign field

That is forever England. There shall be

In that rich earth a richer dust concealed:

A dust whom England bore, shaped, made aware;

Gave, once, her flowers to love, her ways to roam,

A body of England’s breathing English air,

Washed by the rivers, blest by suns of home.

And think, this heart,all evil shed away,

A pulse in the eternal mind, no less

Gives somewhere back the thoughts by England given;

Her sights and sounds; dreams happy as her day;

And laughter, learnt of friends; and gentleness,

In hearts at peace, under an English heaven.

Rupert Brooke, 1887-1915





Beginning of the trenches



From air


In Flanders fields the poppies blow

Between the crosses, row on row,

That mark our place; and in the sky

The larks, still bravely singing, fly

Scarce heard amid the guns below.

We are the Dead. Short days ago

We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,

Loved and were loved, and now we lie

In Flanders fields.

Take up our quarrel with the foe;

To you from failing hand we throw

The torch; be yours to hold it high.

If ye break faith with us who die

We shall not sleep, though poppies grow

In Flanders fields.

John McCrae (1872-1918)


Six days before the attack 1.6 million shells fired at Germans

July 1, the British set off 2 mines containing 200,000lbs. Of

Explosives under the German lines, the explosions were heard

In London.

Here have the ‘Pals” or “Chums” Regiments.

Sir Henry Rawlinson wasso sure the Germans could not respond

That he sent troops over in parade formation

Germans had survived the artillery and their barbed wire entangled

The British so that German machine guns massacred the British.

First Day the British lost 19,240 dead; 35,494 wounded

2,152 missing==57,470 casualties


“Good-morning; good-morning!” the General said

When we met him last week on our way to the line.

Now the soldiers he smiled at are most of ‘em dead,

And we’re cursing his staff for incompetent swine.

“He’s a cheery old card,” grunted Harry to Jack

As they slogged up to Arras with rifle and pack.

But he did for them both by his plan of attack.

Siegfried Sassoon


Watching the

Battle of the




First Day the British lost 19,240 dead; 35,494 wounded

2,152 missing==57,470 casualties

Haig halted the battle in Nov. The Allies gained 125 sq. miles

At cost of 400,000 British and 200,000French casualties.

Germans lost 450,000 casualties.


Our trenches are... ankle deep mud. In some places trenches are waist deep in water. Time is spent digging, filling sandbags, building up parapets, fetching stores, etc. One does not have time to be weary.


We went up into the front-line near Arras, through sodden and devastated countryside. As we were moving up to the our sector along the communication trenches, a shell burst ahead of me and one of my platoon dropped. He was the first man I ever saw killed. Both his legs were blown off and the whole of his face and body was peppered with shrapnel. The sight turned my stomach. I was sick and terrified, but even more frightened of showing it.That night I had been asleep in a dugout about three hours when I woke up feeling something biting my hip. I put my hand down and my fingers closed on a big rat. It had nibbled through my haversack, my tunic and pleated kilt to get at my flesh. With a cry of horror I threw it from me.


The trench, when we reached it, was half full of mud and water. We set to work to try and drain it. Our efforts were hampered by the fact that the French, who had first occupied it, had buried their dead in the bottom and sides. Every stroke of the pick encountered a body. The smell was awful.


. The men who were not getting in a bit of extra sleep sat about talking and smoking, writing letters home, cleaning their rifles, running their thumb-nails up the seams of their shirts to kill the lice, gambling. Lice were a standing joke. Young Bumford handed me one like this. 'We was just having an argument as to whether it was best to kill the old ones or the young ones, sir. Morgan here says that if you kill the old ones, the young ones will die of grief, but Parry here, sir, he says that the young ones are easier to kill and you can catch the old ones when they come to the funeral.‘

Robert Graves Goodbye to all That




Gas attack


Bent double like old beggars under sacks,

Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge,

Till on the haunting flares we turned our backs

And towards our distant rest began to trudge.

Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots

But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame: all blind:

Drunk with fatigue: deaf even to the hoots

Of tired, outstripped Five-Nines that dropped behind.

Gas!Gas! Quick, boys! An ecstasy of fumbling,

Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time:

But some still was yelling out and stumbling

And floud’ring like a man in fire or lime…

Dim, through the misty panes and thick green light,

As under a green sea, I saw him drowning.


In all my dreams, before my helpless sight,

He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning.

If in some smothering dreams you too could pace

Behind the wagon that we flung him in,

And watch the white eyes writhing in his face,

His hanging face, like a devil’s sick of sin;

If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood

Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs,

Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud

Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues,--

My friend, you would not tell with such high zest

To children ardent for some desperate glory,

The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est

Pro patria mori.

Wilfred Owen


Battle of Ypres 1915 first use of poison gas by Germans

April 22 1915 Germans used chlorine gas, a 5mile wide cloud

520 cylinders(168 tons of the chemical)

Sept. 25, 1915 British released chlorine gas against the


Lachrymator (tearing agent)—tear gas, mace, temporary blindness

gas mask was good protection

Asphyxiant(poisonous gas) chlorine, phosgene, diphosgene

Blistering Agent mustard gas attacked any exposed moist skin—eyes

Lungs, armpits, groin; gas mask not effective, oily agent would hang

Low areas for hours.

1918 1 of 4 artillery shells fired contained gas of some type


The British established a blockade against German ports.

The Germans declared the waters around the British Isles

To be a war zone.



Von Scheer,

Commander of

High Seas Fleet


The Great War in Numbers

  • Still unexploded mine shaft at Messines
  • German armies invaded France 1914
  • 12 Air aces all nations with more than 50 planes downed
  • Range in yard of German flame thrower
  • 55 French mutineers executed
  • 1000 daily ave. caloric intake of Germ. Civilians Jan.1918
  • 2,600 allied ships sunk by German U-Boats
  • 529,808 British/commonwealth killed,not known nor found
  • 584,996 British/commonwealth killed, known ,buried
  • 1,200,000 Austrian military killed
  • 1,385,000 French military killed
  • 1,700,000 Russian military killed
  • 1,808,000 German military killed
  • 7,000,000 combatant maimed for life
  • 8,300,000 combatants killed all nations
  • 19,536,000 estimated wounded soldiers all nations

Numbers Mobilized Percentage of Casualties

Great Britain 8,904,467 35.8

France 8,410,000 73.3

Russia 12,000,000 76.3

Italy 5.615,000 39.1

United States 4,355,000 8.4

Austria 7,800,000 90.0

Germany 11,000,000 64.9

Turkey 2,850,000 34.2

TOTAL 65,038,810 57.7