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Fit Kits: Portable Activities to Enhance Health-Related Fitness Kathleen M. Price, Ph.D. Marilyn J. Eisenwine, Ph.D. Angelo State University Lit Kits to Fit Kits

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fit kits portable activities to enhance health related fitness

Fit Kits: Portable Activities to Enhance Health-Related Fitness

Kathleen M. Price, Ph.D.

Marilyn J. Eisenwine, Ph.D.

Angelo State University

lit kits to fit kits
Lit Kits to Fit Kits
  • As pre-service teachers went to public schools for field observations, they were surprised at the fitness levels and motor skills of children.
  • College professors collaborated to envision Fit Kits for PE to parallel Lit Kits in reading instruction.

Hakes, Hines, & Eisenwine, 2002, Penn. Reads

fitness trends in america
Fitness Trends in America
  • Almost half of young people ages 12-21 do not participate in vigorous physical activity on a daily basis.
  • Approximately ¼ of high school students participate in moderate physical activity 4 or more days per week.
  • Approximately 44% of high school students are not even enrolled in physical education courses.
fitness trends in america6
Fitness Trends in America
  • In schools requiring physical education,

30-40% of the teachers are NOT certified in physical education.

  • Physical education accounts for less than 1.75 hours per week in most schools.
  • In many states, requirements for physical education are gradually being reduced.
texas legislature 2007
Texas Legislature - 2007
  • 30 minutes of daily “moderate to vigorous” physical activity or 135 minutes per week K-5th grade.
  • 30 minutes of daily “moderate to vigorous” physical activity or 125 minutes per week or 225 over two weeks for 6-8th grade.
recent statistics
Recent Statistics
  • 42% of 4th graders
  • 39% of 8th graders
  • 36% of 11th graders

Are overweight or at risk of being overweight according to the 2007 report from the Texas Comptroller

biomechanical implications of obesity
Biomechanical Implications of Obesity
  • Mechanical concerns
    • Balance
    • Gait
  • Musculoskeletal concerns
    • Osteoarthritis
    • Plantar heel pain
    • Obesity and fracture

Scott Strohmeyer, Oct. 2007, JOPERD

what next tea mandate fitnessgram
What Next?TEA Mandate - Fitnessgram
  • This test will be used in Texas for grades 3 and above.
  • It allows Physical Education teachers to record and compare fitness levels of students.
  • It measures aerobic capacity, body composition, muscular strength and endurance, and flexibility.
fit kit assignment
After studying components of health related fitness, this assignment was introduced as a challenge to students in an elementary physical education methods course.Fit Kit Assignment
components of the projects
Components of the Projects
  • Focus on one aspect of health-related fitness
  • Should be both physical and educational for the students
  • Must be complete with directions, rationale, artifacts, and references
  • Interdisciplinary focus
  • Project and all components should be housed in a gym bag/mesh bag for portability
health related fitness
Health-Related Fitness

This is a measure of a person’s ability to perform physical activities that require endurance, strength, or flexibility.

health related components of physical fitness
Health Related Components of Physical Fitness
  • Cardiovascular fitness
  • Muscular strength/endurance
  • Flexibility
  • Body Composition
cardiovascular fitness
The ability of the body to do vigorous activity over a long period of time

Efficiency of the heart and lungs

Examples include running, walking, swimming, and cycling.

Cardiovascular Fitness
cardiovascular fitness21
Cardiovascular Fitness
  • Musical Cones - tasks written on cards beneath cones to do when music ends
  • Jump Rope Stations/Skills
  • Scooter Relays
  • Beanbag Snag
  • Word Scramble - teams for completing skills and receiving cards to spell words
cardiovascular fitness22
Cardiovascular Fitness
  • The “Big Burn” Theory - analysis of food labels to calculate calories vs. work load using pedometers to estimate distance
  • Pedometer Estimation Walking
  • Scavenger Hunt
  • Dance Activities - code songs with play list
  • Obstacle Course
muscular strength endurance
The amount of force exerted by a single muscle contraction

Ability to use muscles for an extended period of time

Examples include lifting heavy objects, sit-ups, and pull-ups.

Muscular Strength/Endurance
muscular strength endurance24
Muscular Strength/Endurance
  • Tug of War
  • Follow the Leader
  • Push-up Hockey
  • Relay Races
muscular strength endurance25
Muscular Strength/Endurance
  • “Deal or Deal” with teacher as banker
  • Keep on Jumping
  • Heart Power
  • Count on Fitness
  • Muscle Match Game
flexibility
Flexibility
  • The ability of a joint and muscle group to move through a range of motion
  • Helps to prevent muscle and joint injuries
  • Examples include stretching during warm-up and cool down.
flexibility27
Flexibility
  • Twister
  • Flexibility Exercise Monopoly
  • Stretching Monopoly
  • Shoebox Sit and Reach
  • Stretching Taffy (or Tootsie Rolls)
flexibility28
Flexibility
  • Stretches
    • Spinal Twist
    • Hamstring Stretch
    • Calf Stretch
    • Shoulder Stretch
    • “Cat” (back) Stretch

Department of Kinesiology and Health - Georgia State University

body composition
Body Composition
  • The percent of body weight which is fat compared to tissue which is bone and muscle.
  • Evaluation methods include skinfold calipers, hydrostatic weighing, and bioelectrical impedance.
body composition31
Body Composition
  • Food Guide Pyramid
  • Spongy Hydration
  • Student Tracker
body composition32
Body Composition
  • Arial Football
  • Ultimate Frisbee
  • Food Group Relay
advantages of fit kits
Useful for substitutes

Time-saving tool

Fit Kit Fridays

Tailored to meet individual needs

Interdisciplinary connections

Advantages of Fit Kits
interdisciplinary connections
Interdisciplinary Connections
  • There are many opportunities to teach fitness concepts across academic disciplines.
  • It is possible to incorporate mathematics, science, health, music, social studies, and language arts.
  • Examples include calculating target heart rates, tracking blood flow through the heart, and vocabulary terms to increase knowledge.
interdisciplinary connections35
Interdisciplinary Connections
  • Language Arts
    • Rhymes
    • Spelling
  • Math
    • Counting
    • Estimation
    • Pedometers
interdisciplinary connections36
Interdisciplinary Connections
  • Music
  • Health
    • Burning Calories
    • Food Pyramid
  • Science
    • Heart
    • Muscles
modifications for students with special needs
Modifications for Students with Special Needs
  • Change size of equipment
  • Change space and/or distance requirements
  • Adapt the rules
  • Use a peer buddy to assist with activities
other concerns for students with special needs
Other Concerns for Students with Special Needs
  • Do the modifications keep the activity developmentally appropriate?
  • Do the modifications keep the activity age-appropriate?
  • Is the student included successfully?
  • Are ALL students participating safely?
slide39
TEKS
  • Fourth grade students learn to identify the components of health-related fitness.
  • (3)Physical activity and health. The student exhibits a health enhancing, physically-active lifestyle that provides opportunities for enjoyment and challenge. The student is expected to:

(B)name the components of health-related fitness such as strength, endurance, and flexibility.

slide40
TEKS
  • Fifth grade students can match different types of physical activities to health-related fitness components and explain ways to improve fitness based on the principle of frequency, intensity, and time.
  • (3)Physical activity and health. The student exhibits a health-enhancing, physically-active lifestyle that provides opportunities for enjoyment and challenge. The student is expected to:

(B)identify appropriate personal fitness goals in each of the components of health-related fitness.

research findings
Research Findings
  • The CDC study “Promoting Lifelong Physical Activity” reports that the percentage of young people who are overweight has doubled in the past 20 years.
  • Inactivity and poor diet cause at least 300,000 deaths/year in the United States.
  • It is important for everyone to know the risks of a sedentary lifestyle.
future research
Future Research
  • Student teachers in elementary schools field test Fit Kits.
  • Elementary students create their own Fit Kits.
  • Classroom teachers include physical education concepts.
  • Physical educators include content area skills within their curriculum.
slide43
For More Information contact:
  • Kathleen.Price@angelo.edu
  • Marilyn.Eisenwine@angelo.edu

For a print out of PowerPoint and Handouts:

http://www.angelo.edu/faculty/meisenwine/Website/index.html