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Ellipsis and Substitution. E3C 姚杏秀 Stacey E3C 王瀅瀅 Lin-lin E3C 曾郁芬 Erica. Key considerations. Comprehension of ellipsis and substitution is the biggest problem for learners. They may be confused when words are left out or when short

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ellipsis and substitution

Ellipsis and Substitution

E3C 姚杏秀Stacey

E3C 王瀅瀅Lin-lin

E3C 曾郁芬Erica

key considerations
Key considerations

Comprehension of ellipsis and

substitution is the biggest problem for

learners. They may be confused when

words are left out or when short

grammatical words like one, do are used.

ellipsis
Ellipsis
  • Situational ellipsis

Ex:

1.A:[Are]You ok now?

B:[I’m] Fine.

2.A: When are you coming back?

B:[We are coming back on]

Tuesday.

slide4
Textual ellipsis

Ex:

1. You ought to clean your teeth and

brush your hair.

You ought to clean your teeth and

[You ought to] brush your hair.

2. The police are interviewing a man seen

just after the robbery.

The police are interviewing a man [who

was] seen just after the robbery.

substitution
Substitution
  • Yes and no

Ex:

1.A: Have you ever thought of

trying to get a job?

B: No.

[I have never thought of trying to get a job.]

slide6
Replacing longer stretches of text

Ex:

1. She invited me to her house but I wouldn’t go there.

(there → her house)

2. We’ve had a few unexpected problems. That is why I’ve called another meeting.

(that → We’ve had a few unexpected problems.)

typical difficulties for learners
Typical difficulties for learners

Comprehension

  • use realistic and informed expectation about authentic language use

Ex:

  • What information is missing?
  • What does this word refer to?

Speaking and writing

  • Avoidance already know
consolidation exercises
Consolidation exercises

The greater the intimacy between participants in conversation correspondence, and the greater the mutual familiarity with the topic, the greater the scope for ellipsis. The following interaction assumes a large amount of common knowledge.

slide9

a Identify the context.

b Re-write the conversation so that there is less ellipsis and the whole conversation would be more easily understood by an outside.

A: Drink? →

B: Large. →

A: Pint? →

B: Half. →

C: My round. →

A: About time. →

B: Pint in the case. →

Would you like another drink?

Yes please. I’d like a lager.

Would you like a pint?

No thank you. I’d like half a pint.

I think it’s my turn to buy a round.

It’s about time you bought a round.

Since you frequently avoid buying a round I’ll change my order from half a pint of lager to a pint of lager.

consolidation exercises10
Consolidation exercises

The following is from a crime novel. An unsavory character named Gillespie is speaking to his late wife’s solicitor( Mr Duggan). Gillespie claims that his late wife (Mathilda) not only robbed him but boasted of doing so in her diaries. Look at how the author has used situational ellipsis in the dialogue.

slide11

a Identify instances of situation ellipsis

b In this context, how does this situational ellipsis contribute to the characterisation of the two participation in the conversation?

‘Read her diaries,’ he growled.

‘They’ll prove

she

she

stole them off me.

Couldn’t resist boasting to herself, that was Mathilda’s trouble.

She couldn’t resist boasting to herself, that was Mathilda’s trouble.

Put every damn thing of those miserable pages, then over and over again to remind herself how clever she was.

Sheput every damn thing of those miserable pages, then over and over again to remind herself how clever she was.

She wouldn’t have left

Wouldn’t have left

out a triumph like this. Read her diaries.

The young man kept his face deliberately impassive. ‘I will. As a matter of interest, do you know where she kept them? It’ll save me

the trouble of looking for

Them.’

them

They’re on the top self of the library.

Top self of the library.

‘Disguised as the works of

‘They’re disguised as the works

Willy Shakespeare!He took a card from his wallet. ‘You’re a solicitor, Mr Duggan, so I’m trusting you to be honest. That’s where I’m staying.

Expect to hear from you on this in a couple of days or so.

I ‘ll expect to hear from you on this in a couple of days or so.

slide12

I’d be grateful if you’d treat it as a matter of urgency.’

Grateful if you’d treat it as a matter of urgency.’

consolidation exercises13

Consolidation Exercises

In the following extracts, examples of ellipsis and

substitution have been singled out. In each case

explain and specify what information is left our

or implied.

This extract is from an article written by a film critic:

Here’s a useful rule of thumb: never trust those (1) - usually

substitution/ellipsis those people

comedians, entertainers and the like – who say, “I love

people.”

And here’s another (2): never trust film critics who say. “I love

substitution/ellipsis another rule of thumb

Movies.”

slide14
What keeps a film critic going and enjoying his job is optimism.

Each film, you fervently hope, will be the one (3)that makes up

substitution the one the film

for all the dross you saw last week.

Usually it isn’t. (4)

ellipsis isn’t the one (i.e. the film) that makes up for all the

dross you saw last week.

  • A character in a novel pretended to like the river that her father was passionate about in order to win his love:

She yearned for his love and approbation. She had listened

dutifully, (5) asked the right questions,

ellipsis she had

(6) had instinctively know that this was an interest he assumed

ellipsis she

that she would share.

slide15
But she realized now that the deception had only added

guilt to her natural reserve and timidly, (7) that the river had

ellipsis she realized now

become the more terrifying because she could acknowledge

Its terrors and her relationship with her father (8) more distant

ellipsis had become

because it (9) was founded on a lie.

substitution ither relationship with her father

slide16
In the following extracts, the examples of ellipsis and substitution have not been identified. Answer the questions about each extract.
  • Identify examples of ellipsis and substitution (ignore personal pronouns like I and they, but include the use of impersonal pronouns like one and it).
  • Classify the example (e.g. situational ellipsis; substitution of a that clause with so).
  • Explain and specify what information is left out or implied.
slide17
On the tables of a Café:

Every member of our Food Services Team shares

one common aim – to ensure that your visit here

today is an enjoyable one.

a. an enjoyable one

b. substitution of noun phrase

c. an enjoyable visit (i.e. this is indefinite and singular)

slide18
From an article about the problem of providing a meal of both children and adults:

There are three ways of dealing with the problem. 1.One is

to find a bland menu that children eat happily 2.and grown-

ups grudgingly. 3.The second is to cook whatever you feel

like eating 4,and let the children fend for themselves.

1.ellipsis one way of dealing with this problem

2. ellipsis that grown-ups eat grudgingly

3. ellipsis The second way of dealing with this problem

4. ellipsis The second way of dealing with this problem

is … to let …

slide19

THANKS FOR YOUR

ATTENTION!