BAPTIST HISTORY Lesson 1. A Study in Identity and Distinctives. What are we going to do and how are we going to do it?. Focus: Baptist life from its early 17 th century origins up to the present. Objectives . Factual .
A Study in Identity and Distinctives
Focus: Baptist life from its early 17th century origins up to the present
To obtain adequate familiarity with the events, movements, and personalities in Baptist history and to grasp the theological assumptions necessary for understanding Baptist identity and to learn how various units of Baptist life work together
Using the facts acquired to develop an awareness of and appreciation for our theological and eccesiological heritage and to determine our own biblical philosophy and methodology
The Baptists: Beginnings in Britain Tom J. Nettles
The Baptists: Beginnings in America Tom J. Nettles
Baptist Confessions of Faith W. L. Lumpkin
Baptist Theology: A Four Century Study James Leo Garrett
The British Particular Baptists 1638-1910 (3 vols) edited by Michael A.G. Haykin
Baptist and The Bible, by L. Russ Bush and Tom J. Nettles
Baptists must learn to appreciate anew the unique identity forged by those who discovered and
refined these tenets. To misrepresent or modify the tenets that historically have distinguished
Baptists is to belittle the labor and sacrifice of those who have preceded us. In addition, to
redefine the essence of Baptist identity destroys the foundation of association of our Baptist
churches. R. Stanton Norman The Baptist Way: Distinctives of a Baptist Church
Three Approaches to Baptist Identity
Baptists by Conditioning
“I’m Baptist born and I’m Baptist bred; and when I die I’ll be Baptist dead!”
Baptist by Convenience
“I’m a Baptist because I’m a member of First Baptist Church”
Baptist by Conviction
“I am a Baptist because I believe that Baptist beliefs best accord with biblical faith and practice”
‘Baptists are not evangelicals’
Baptists are freedom loving people who’s personal, internal experience of God is greater that any exegetical truth; greater than anything that can be known outside of us
“the competency of the soul in religion” the individual subjective experience and perceptions of truths are the basic, fundamental identification of what makes a Baptist
The tenets of freedom and voluntarism would never produce a Baptist church apart from a broader foundation of theological, Christological and soteriological truths
Baptists must be Christian and Protestant evangelical believers before they can be Baptist
I. Baptist are orthodox
We believe in one God, the Father, the Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, of all that is, seen and unseen.
We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only son of God, eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten, not made,of one being with the Father. Through him all things were made.
For us and for our salvation he came down from heaven:by the power of the Holy Spirit he became incarnate from the Virgin Mary, and was made man.For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate; he suffered death and was buried.On the third day he rose again in accordance with the Scriptures; he ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father.He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead,and his kingdom will have no end.
We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son.With the Father and the Son he is worshipped and glorified.He has spoken through the Prophets.We believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church.We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins.We look for the resurrection of the dead,and the life of the world to come. AMEN.
I. Baptist are Orthodox
Sacramentalism: the view that the sacraments of the church convey the reality of what they signify and are the actual means of the grace of God
II. Baptist are Evangelical
IV. Baptist are Separate
“Baptist have a ‘theologically integrated ecclesiology’ vs. our paedobaptist friends who have an inconsistent ecclesiology” Dr. Nettles
How did Baptist founder John Smyth publically demonstrate his break from the state Church of England in 1609?
The annual Southern Baptist Christmas offering for missions is named in honor of what missionary to China?
When this Baptist missionary-to-be brought up the Great Commission at a Baptist Association meeting, one minister supposedly retorted, ‘young man, sit down, sit down!...When God pleases to convert the heathen, he’ll do it without consulting you or me.’ In response, the young visionary wrote An Enquiry into the Obligations of Christians, to use means for the Conversion of the Heathens.
What pioneering missionary embarked from America as a Congregationalist and became a Baptist on the way to India?