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Baptist History Lesson 24. Revival, Reunion, Expansion.

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baptist history lesson 24

Baptist HistoryLesson 24

Revival, Reunion, Expansion


“The Baptists asked it through Washington; the request commended itself to Madison; and to the Baptists, beyond a doubt, belongs the glory of engrafting its best articles on the noblest Constitution ever framed for the government of mankind”

Cathcart, Centennial Offering


Four Periods of ‘Awakening’ Activity

I. The Great Awakening (1730’s-1750’s)

II. The 2nd Great Awakening (1790’s-1830”’s)

III. Prayer Meetings through New Pentecostalism (1857-1910’s)

IV. 1940’s – 1950’s Billy Graham


2nd trip: Oct 31, 1739

1300 miles N/S

50 miles width

1,000,000 population

150,000 negro slaves

What did Whitefield preach?

“Thus he had come to a position in which not denominational adherence but evangelical soundness was the criterion, and his work had become non-denominational in character”

AD, Vol 1, pg 438


The 1st Great Awakening

1720’s - The Middle Colonies

1730’s – The New England Colonies

1740 – 1750’s – The Southern Colonies

“God graciously intervened in the affairs of man”

  • Authority of scripture
  • Necessity of new birth
  • Intent to spread the gospel
  • True conversion worked out in the believer’s life

Results of the Great Awakening


1. Conversions

2. Increase in churches and church membership

3. Increase awareness of the necessity of the new birth

4. No tolerance for an unconverted minister

  • Building of new evangelical schools:
    • Princeton
    • Dartmouth
    • Rutgers
    • Brown

6. Calvinism strengthened and preserved in American churches for another hundred years


Why did religious fervor fade after the 1st Great Awakening?

The Disruption of the American Revolution

The Rise of English Deism & French Skepticism

Western Migration

Mass Migration to the Continent


The 2nd Great Awakening

Western Frontier

New England

East Coast


The East Coast


Hampton- Sidney College – 1787, students pry for revival

Yale – 1802, Timothy Dwight

Princeton – 1813 Daniel Baker, Pry Mtg 1813 – 1815 40 converted

Harvard, Bowdin, Brown, Dartmouth, Middlebury, Williams, and Andover


Frances Asbury


The Frontier

Camp Meeting

Logan, KY - 1797

Cane Ridge, KY - 1801


The Frontier

Camp Meeting

Logan, KY - 1797

Cane Ridge - 1801

Presbyterian Split

The Cumberland Presbyterian ChurchThe Christian Church

The Church of Disciples

Methodist Circuit Riders

The Circuit Riders went after the frontier people.

Francis Asbury/Peter Cartwright -


Farmer/Sunday Preacher


The Results of the 2nd Great Awakening

The American Revolution established a new context for the churches, in whichvoluntary patterns for survival and growth had to be established.

The Rise of revivalism – the idea that revivals could be planned.

The Democratization of Christianity – Christian organizations based upon theindividual. Away from creeds, confessions. We will see divisions and the riseof denominations and para-church organizations.

The Decline of Calvinism – it will be replaced by Arminian Evangelization

The 2nd Great Awakening will delay the dissent into paganism


Union of Separate and Regular Baptists


1776: United Baptists Churches of Virginia

North Carolina

Separates Sandy Creek Association 1758


Kehukee Association 1765


1775-1800 Period of Unusual Growth

1800: 48 Associations

1775 1 in 264 a Baptist

1800 1 in 53 a Baptist

Why such growth?

1. The granting of religious liberty

2. Missionary activity of pioneer preachers

3. Harmony between democratic spirit among the people and congregational polity of the Baptists


Tennessee 1765 first church in Nashville area

1790 18 churches; 900 members

Kentucky 1790 42 churches; 3100 members

1801 Union of Elkhorn and Separates of South Kentucky

“And that the preaching Christ tasted death for every man shall be no bar to communion” 9th Article


What did Baptists in the South look like?

1. Associational

2. Confessional

Abstracts rather than full confessions

3. Calvinistic Soteriology

4. Committed Congregationalists

5. Evangelistic


John A. Broadus “The American Baptist Minister of 100 years ago”

1. Felt inward call to the ministry

2. Endured hardships

3. Erred about ministerial support

4. Generally favored ministerial education

5. The character of their preaching was eminently Biblical

“it suffices to add that the preachers of that day depended much on the aid of the Holy Spirit to give them liberty in speaking and the hearts of their hearers…And it is a great fundamental truth, to which we must cling, that God will help us in preaching, and himself ‘giveth the increase.’”