Achieving Educational Outcomes with Social Accountability Interventions Ms. Seshu Kumari Regional Director, Education Society for Elimination of Rural Poverty (SERP) Andhra Pradesh. Context.
Achieving Educational Outcomes with Social Accountability InterventionsMs. Seshu Kumari Regional Director, EducationSociety for Elimination of Rural Poverty (SERP) Andhra Pradesh
The community score card (CSC) process is a community-based monitoring tool that is a hybrid of the techniques of social audits and citizen report cards. The CSC is an instrument to exact social and public accountability and responsiveness from service providers. By linking service providers to the community, citizens are empowered to provide immediate feedback to service providers.
- In 3 Tribal Mandals in Khammam District
Advocating child rights through community participation – women groups, gram panchayats, teachers and youth
Improvement in quality of education at schools through community participation through women groups, gram panchayats, teachers and youth
Involvement of Gram Panchayats, Women Groups, Youth and teachers in the project.
Sense of ownership of the school, cultivated amongst the village community.
Monitoring of the functioning of the school.
Effective monitoring of the students enrolled in the schools by the community to ensure that they do not drop out again.
In November 2009, within 18 months of implementing the project, 31 villages in the three mandals are identified as child labour free villages
In recognition of the role of the women groups in running the RBCs and mainstreaming children into regular schools five new RBCs for migrants (from Chattisgarh) are entrusted to the women groups by the district administration
Collaboration between SSA, SERP, MVF / NGOs and MMS.
Initiate intervention in 30 low female literacy mandals in the state during 2010.
90% of total ‘out of school children’ would be withdrawn and sent to school over a period of three years
50% of the Gram Panchayats and the VOs would be equipped to follow up the child rights issues.
100% registration and certification of births and marriages in the villages.
Ensure 90% retention of children in 50% of the total habitations.
Children passing out of class X will be mapped out and successfully followed up to pursue higher education
Key enabling factors.
On the supply side:
leadership of local level functionaries and service providers
a core group of well-trained human resources
strategic alliances between supply side and organizations such as MVF and other NGOs
the School Education department & SSA
Head masters and teachers
MVF in capacity building at the community level
Institutional arrangements in scaling up thru’ a federation of SHGs
Role of youth
Limitation of community’s role in monitoring quality
Community can oversee attendance, requirement of infrastructural facilities and can have general perception of quality
Dependency of MMS on mobilisers & organisers for:
checking quality aspects of education
regular follow up of the in- school&drop-out children
- No incentive to MMS
Role of facilitating NGO
the process of bringing interface between the community and service providers
In harnessing support of youth (in Khammam model youth play a major role)
Institutionalizing of the processes in the scaled up model
Introduction of newer programmes
Irregular fund mobilization across the various stages of the process
Need assessment done by the Community if not matched by appropriate sanctions and dedicated budget results in disinterest
Need based approach
a facilitating organization at the community level
institutional architecture say a federation of SHGs
Strong Institution building
Strong functional integration: Co-ordination between various departments
Strong community participation: Active involvement of all stakeholders
Appropriate incentive to the MMS
Systematic execution of the complete process
identifying child labor, mainstreaming them, regular follow-up, maintaining retention and monitoring quality of schooling
Regular training and motivation to the mobilising agents
Building strong MIS using the CSC.
Incentivising good performance