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  1. Making your website go faster! Alli Price • Front-end Developer, Deeson Online • http://deeson-online.co.uk

  2. What is this talk about? Peformance! “Perf” WPO / Web Performance Optimisation http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  3. Why is performance good?! • It can mean (amongst other things): • More traffic/visitors • More sales • Improved SEO rank http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  4. How can I tell how fast or slow my site is? • In browser tools: • Firebug - http://getfirebug.com • Chrome Developer Tools (built in) • Online tools: http://www.webpagetest.orghttp://tools.pingdom.com http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  5. The Waterfall http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  6. "80-90% of the end-user response time is spent on the frontend. Start there." http://www.stevesouders.com/blog/2012/02/10/the-performance-golden-rule/ http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  7. Check your assets • CSS • JavaScript • Images • Video • Audio • Fonts http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  8. (File)size matters • The less you need to load the better, optimising your images helps! In photoshop use “Save for web” and choose the best format/quality. http://sixrevisions.com/photoshop/graphics-beginner-tips-web-designers/ Use ImageOptim to squeeze out any extra unused bytes from an image, if you use photoshop and save for web this does a pretty good job http://pornel.net/imageoptim/en http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  9. Minification of javascript files • This is about removing un-needed whitespace and comments from the file to reduce the file size. • Online tools/reading: • http://fmarcia.info/jsmin/test.html • http://jscompress.com/ • http://engineeredweb.com/blog/why-minify-javascript http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  10. Gzipping Text files such as HTML, CSS, JavaScript and XML can be Gzipped by the server to reduce the request response size. http://developer.yahoo.com/performance/rules.html#gzip http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  11. Kicking it up a notch, aggregation of assets Aggregation is the combining of files of the same time, CSS, JS and even images! http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  12. Image spriting Combining a series of images into one, then using background position with CSS to reference them. There are helpful tools which will do all of this for you, my favourite being:http://spritegen.website-performance.org/ http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  13. CSS first, JS last - order of code Random acronym definition, DOM = Document object model, it's all of the elements you write with your code. http://developer.yahoo.com/performance/rules.html#css_top http://developer.yahoo.com/performance/rules.html#js_bottom http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  14. No blocking! What we want is our javascript being downloaded in parallel with the other assets, or just plain last. http://www.stevesouders.com/blog/2009/04/27/loading-scripts-without-blocking/http://www.stevesouders.com/blog/2010/12/06/evolution-of-script-loading/ http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  15. Let's be kind to IE Internet explorer is akin somewhat to an elderly person, slow moving and prone to tripping up. So let's be kind, it's easy. Conditional comments can create blocking downloads, even CSS files, world gone mad no? Well no actually, this is just IE :/ http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  16. Let's be kind to IE There are techniques to avoid this, by using conditional comments early on to apply a class to the HTML tag, which you can use in your CSS e.g. html.ie7 http://paulirish.com/2008/conditional-stylesheets-vs-CSS-hacks-answer-neither/ http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  17. Specify your meta charset early on This avoids the browser encountering one later on in code and having to re-render. On this, Drupal will always throws out a meta charset tag first in the head tag. http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ieinternals/archive/2011/07/18/optimal-HTML-head-ordering-to-avoid-parser-restarts-redownloads-and-improve-performance.aspx http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  18. More resources for the front-end http://developer.yahoo.com/performance/rules.HTML (old school, but worth reading) http://www.stevesouders.com/blog/ (Steve Souders’ blog) Just One Second Delay in Page-Load Can Cause 7% Loss in Customer Conversions http://blog.tagman.com/2012/03/just-one-second-delay-in-page-load-can-cause-7-loss-in-customer-conversions http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  19. Drupal tiem! Drupal cares about performance, if you've ever heard it's slow, you've been mis-informed. http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  20. First things first, aggregation Providing you use drupal_add_js(), drupal_add_css(), and formapi #attachments, your code is thrown into Drupals pile o’ files, if you're linking to CSS or JS by putting it inline, shame! You won't be able to aggregate it! :( http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  21. First things first, aggregation http://api.drupal.org/api/drupal/includes%21common.inc/function/drupal_add_CSS/7http://api.drupal.org/api/drupal/includes%21common.inc/function/drupal_add_JavaScript/7http://drupal.org/node/171205#stylesheets - how to CSS/JavaScript files to your theme http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  22. Where's the switch? Navigate to: Configuration > Development > Performance. See "Bandwidth optimization". http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  23. Amping up aggregation http://drupal.org/project/advagg http://drupal.org/project/core_libraryhttp://drupal.org/project/agrcachehttp://drupal.org/project/blackwhite http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  24. GZipping content On this same page there's the checkbox "Compress cached pages", this will do just that and serve Gzipped pages. What about CSS and JavaScript? If you've got aggregation and clean URLs enabled, this happens automatically. http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  25. Drupal Caching methods Let's walk through the options, but first very quickly... http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  26. How does caching work?! If someone requests a page, you check to see if you've got a cached version, if you do, then serve it! If not, do the needed work to produce the page, save it to the cache, then serve it out. Easy! http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  27. So what caching options are there for Drupal? Here are the big ones. http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  28. Database based • Available in core • Requires going from Apache to PHP to MySQL • You can turn this on by going to Configuration > Development > Performance, and ticking "Cache pages for anonymous users". http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  29. Boost - file based caching • http://drupal.org/project/boost • Rendered page HTML is put into a Gzipped file in the webroot • Modify the site’s .htaccess file to check through Boost’s cache directory/files • Faster because only Apache is needed to serve from cache (No PHP or MySQL), great for shared hosts! http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  30. Varnish - reverse proxy caching • Works out of the box for Drupal 7 core • Drupal 6 needs Pressflow http://pressflow.org/ • A a wall of caching that sits in front of Apache • Very fast as it holds it’s cached HTML in RAM • Takes the AMP out of LAMP • “Just there” on Acquia dev cloud & Pantheon http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  31. Varnish - reverse proxy caching • Further reading: https://www.acquia.com/tags/varnishhttp://drupal.org/project/varnishhttps://www.varnish-cache.org/ https://www.getpantheon.com/support/coding-and-monitoring-varnish http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  32. Authenticated user caching So far all of the caching methods discussed only work for anonymous users, this is because pages of logged in users will be personalised. Not necessarily a lot, but if we cached logged in pages, user 2 could get a page that has been cached by user 1, and get a different set of links that maybe they shouldn't see. http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  33. Authenticated user caching We won't go into this, but there are solutions out there being worked on, such as:http://drupal.org/project/authcachehttp://drupal.org/project/esi (Drupal 8's WSCCI initiative makes this really exciting and possible).http://www.unleashedmind.com/en/blog/sun/drupal-8-the-path-forwardhttp://buytaert.net/the-future-is-a-restful-drupal#comment-53906 http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  34. Further reading on caching A great quick page on how caching works, including: min/max lifetimes, block caching: http://blog.merge.nl/20120118/how-does-caching-work-drupal (Also has links at the end of the article which are worth reading.) Great series of articles: http://cruncht.com/75/drupal-performance-scalability/ http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  35. Bonus round, code level caching What caching options are there for me in my code? http://www.lullabot.com/articles/beginners-guide-caching-data-drupal-7 http://www.lullabot.com/articles/beginners-guide-caching-data-d6 http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  36. Bonus round, CDNs What is? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Content_delivery_network Examples: http://www.maxcdn.com/http://www.akamai.com/ The module: http://drupal.org/project/cdn What’s it work on? CSS, JS, Imagecache/styled images Has guide? http://wimleers.com/article/easy-drupal-cdn-integration-for-fun-and-profit http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  37. That’s it! Things I’ve missed: Memcache: http://drupal.org/project/memcache APC/Opcode caching: http://bit.ly/Igqy6P (How to install search) JavaScript loaders: http://drupal.org/project/labjshttp://drupal.org/project/headjs SASS/LESS: http://drupal.org/project/sassyhttp://lesscss.org/ Code profiling: New relic etc... http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive

  38. Thanks!! http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs http://lookalive.co.uk @heylookalive http://deeson-online.co.uk @deeson_labs Alli Price, Making your website go faster! Got questions or thoughts? Hit me up on twitter, @heylookalive