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Parts of Speech. Chapter 2. Pronoun Quiz. Know the chart on p. 37! Be able to identify the pronoun types of bolded pronouns in sentences. Be able to list at least 4 of the following pronouns: Always singular indefinite pronouns Always plural indefinite pronouns

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Parts of Speech


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pronoun quiz
Pronoun Quiz
  • Know the chart on p. 37!
  • Be able to identify the pronoun types of bolded pronouns in sentences.
  • Be able to list at least 4 of the following pronouns:
    • Always singular indefinite pronouns
    • Always plural indefinite pronouns
    • Either singular or plural indefinite pronouns
    • Demonstrative pronouns
    • Relative pronouns
    • Indefinite relative pronouns
    • Interrogative pronouns
pronoun quiz1
Pronoun Quiz
  • Know that relative pronouns introduce dependent clauses.
  • Know that interrogative pronouns ask questions.
  • Know that reflexive and intensive pronouns end in –self or –selves.
  • Know that reflexive pronouns act as objects.
  • Know that intensive pronouns act as appositives.
  • Be able to list the two reciprocal pronouns.
preposition quiz
Preposition Quiz
  • List 50 prepositions.
nouns
Nouns
  • Person, place, thing, or idea
    • Pastor Mark
    • Michigan
    • Sign
    • Peace
  • Often preceded by the words a, an, the, this, that, these, those
nouns1
Nouns
  • Common- general nouns, school
  • Proper- specific nouns, capitalized, Calvary Baptist Academy
  • Count- can be made plural, can be counted, books
  • Noncount- always singular, cannot be counted, cannot be preceded by an article, soup
compound nouns
Compound Nouns
  • Combination of two or more words
    • 1 word: bookcase, backpack
    • 2 words: class work, yard sale
    • 1 hyphenated word: great-grandfather
    • A baby sits in a highchair.
    • My cousin is a redhead.
    • The judge sat on a high chair.
    • The bird with a red head sang outside my window.
collective nouns
Collective Nouns
  • Groups or units
  • Team, family, company, government
  • Is the group acting as a singular unit?
    • The class planned its project.
  • Are the group members acting individually?
    • The class reviewed their individual jobs.
concrete vs abstract
Concrete vs. Abstract
  • Concrete- can be perceived by the senses
    • Chair
  • Abstract- cannot be perceived by the senses
    • Joy
pronouns
Pronouns
  • Takes the place of a noun
  • Replaces a noun, its antecedent
personal pronouns
Personal Pronouns
  • Chart on p. 37- Please know for quiz.
  • Person- 1st (refers to the speaker or writer), 2nd (refers to the person spoken to), 3rd (another person or thing)
  • Number- singular or plural
  • Gender- masculine, feminine, neuter
  • Case- subjective, objective, possessive
indefinite pronouns
Indefinite Pronouns
  • Refer to nonspecific nouns, no antecedents
  • Be able to list at least 4 from each group on quiz.
  • Always singular- one, body, thing, each, little, less, much
  • Always plural- both, few, fewer, many, several
  • Either singular or plural depending on context- all, any, more, most, none, some
demonstrative pronouns
Demonstrative Pronouns
  • Point out specific nouns
  • This, that, these, those
  • Be able to list on quiz!
relative pronouns
Relative Pronouns
  • Introduce dependent clauses
  • Who, whom, whose, which, that
  • Be able to list on quiz.
  • Indefinite relative pronouns- no antecedents
  • Who, whom, whose, which, what, whoever, whomever, whosoever, whichever, whatever
  • Be able to list at least four on quiz.
interrogative pronouns
Interrogative Pronouns
  • Ask questions
  • Who, whom, whose, which, that
  • Be able to list quiz.
relative or interrogative
Relative or Interrogative?
  • Whoever wants to run in the race needs to register.
  • The course that will be run today is three miles long.
  • Whose running shoes are over there?
  • Each runner may choose to wear whichever number he wants.
  • Jasmine asked who the main judge for the race was.
reflexive or intensive
Reflexive or Intensive
  • End in –self or –selves (know for quiz)
  • Reflexive- act as objects, refer back to the subject
    • Peter hurled himself out of the boat.
  • Intensive- intensive a noun, act as appositives, can be taken out of the sentence
    • Peter himself walked on water.
    • Peter walked on water.
reciprocal pronouns
Reciprocal Pronouns
  • Each other
  • One another
  • Please know for quiz.
verbs
Verbs

Intransitive verb- InV

Transitive verb- TrV- needs an object

Linking Verb- LV- links the subject and the rest of the sentence, can be replaced with an = sign or a form of the word be

Auxilliaries- helping verbs- box on p. 43

verbs1
Verbs
  • The girl set out on a walk with her dog.
  • The girl pushed her dog across the narrow bridge.
  • The girl was annoyed with the sight of her wet dog.
  • The girl has learned that her dog is not particularly afraid of water—at least when squirrels are involved.
adjectives
Adjectives
  • Describe nouns or pronouns
  • Answer the questions
    • which one?
    • what kind?
    • how many?
    • how much?
    • whose?
  • The pretty flower is very pretty.
  • The ____________ thing (or person) is very ________________.
determiners
Determiners
  • Type of adjective that signals a noun is coming
  • Do not fit in the adjective test frame
  • Articles- a (before a consonant sound), an (before a vowel sound), the
  • Possessives- show ownership
  • Demonstratives- this, that, these, those
determiners1
Determiners
  • Interrogatives- which, what, whose
    • Pronoun- What is wrong?
    • Determiner- What type of problem is it?
  • Indefinites
types of adjectives
Types of Adjectives
  • Modifying nouns- nouns that function as adjectives
    • Winter wonderland
  • Proper adjectives- formed from proper nouns
    • American
adverbs
Adverbs
  • Modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs
  • Answer the questions
    • Where?
    • When?
    • Why?
    • How?
    • To what extent?
  • Many end in -ly
adverbs1
Adverbs
  • Common adverbs
    • Also
    • Therefore
    • However
    • Very
    • Not, n’t
    • Often
    • Here
    • There
  • Usually right before or after the adjective or adverb they modify
  • Anywhere in a sentence if they modify the verb
kinds of adverbs
Kinds of Adverbs
  • Qualifiers- modify adj. and adv., strengthen or weaken the word it modifies (very, even)
  • Conjunctive adverbs- link independent clauses
    • Box on p. 49
    • Followed by a comma
    • First word of sentence or preceded by a ;
  • Relative adverbs- when, where, why
    • Intro. adj. clauses
  • Indefinite relative adverbs- when, where, why, how
    • Intro. noun clauses
  • Interrogative adverbs- when, where, why, how
    • Ask questions
adverbs vs prepositions
Adverbs vs. Prepositions
  • Prepositions have prepositional phrases with objects.
  • Adverbs- not phrase
  • VAC- verb-adverb combination
    • Look up
    • Look over
    • John took on the job of washing the house windows even though he already had to wash the car.
prepositions
Prepositions
  • Relates an object to another word
    • For God’s glory
  • Object of the preposition (OP)- noun or pronoun at the end of a prepositional phrase
    • For God’s glory
  • Because- subordinating conjunction
  • Because of- preposition
prepositions vs infinitives
Prepositions vs. Infinitives
  • Prepositions- must have an object
    • I am going to church tonight.
  • Infinitive- to + a verb
    • I need to do my homework.
conjunctions
Conjunctions
  • Connect words or groups of words
  • Coordinating conjunctions- must follow a comma if joining to sent.
    • For
    • And
    • Nor
    • But
    • Or
    • Yet
  • Correlative conjunctions- come in pairs
    • Either-or
    • Neither-nor
    • Both-and
    • Not only-but also
subordinating conjunctions
Subordinating Conjunctions
  • Begin dependent clauses
  • Boxes on p. 54
interjections
Interjections
  • Extra to the sentence
  • Followed by a comma, period, or exclamation point
    • Sure
    • Well
    • Awesome
    • Uh
    • Ah
    • Thank you
    • Please
    • Good
    • Etc.