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Substance Information

Substance Information

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Substance Information

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  1. Substance Information

  2. Introduction • Patrick McKiernan class of 1979 • University of Louisville BS Counseling and Guidance • Nova Southeastern University MS Applied Addiction Studies • Northcentral University PhD Psychology

  3. Data on High School Students Number of Adolescents Aged 12 to 17 Who Used Cigarettes, Alcohol, or Illicit Drugs for the First Time on an Average Day

  4. Data on High School Students Number of Adolescents Aged 12 to 17 Who Used Cigarettes, Alcohol, or Illicit Drugs on an Average Day

  5. Number of Emergency Department (ED) Visits for Drug Misuse or Abuse on an Average Day for Patients Aged 12 to 17 • Substance Number • Alcohol and No Other Drug 151 • Alcohol with Other Drug    54 • Marijuana 129 • Hallucinogens*    18 • Cocaine    17 • Illicit Amphetamines or Methamphetamines    12 • Inhalants      6 • Heroin      5 • Prescription or Nonprescription Pain Relievers    86 • Prescription Narcotic Pain Relievers    31 • Benzodiazepines    39 • Antidepressants or Antipsychotics    34 • ADHD Medications      5

  6. Signs and Symptoms of Substance Use • Negative changes in schoolwork; missing school or declining grades • Increased secrecy about possessions or activities • Incense, room deodorant or perfume to hide smoke or chemical odors • Changes in conversations w/friends, e.g., secretive, using “coded” language • New friends • Change in clothing choices — clothes that highlight drug use

  7. Signs and Symptoms of Substance Use • Increase in borrowing money • Evidence of drug paraphernalia, such as pipes or rolling papers • Evidence of inhaling products and accessories, hairspray, nail polish, correction fluid, paper bags and rags, common household products • Bottles of eyedrops, used to mask bloodshot eyes or dilated pupils • New use of mouthwash or breath mints to cover up the smell of alcohol • Missing prescription drugs — especially narcotics and mood stabilizers

  8. What Should Parents Do To Promote a Drug Free Lifestyle Risk Factors • Family members with a history of alcohol or other drug abuse • Family members don't spend much time together • Parents have trouble keeping track of teens, who they're with and where they go • Lack of clear rules and consequences regarding alcohol and other drug use • Parents use drugs, involve youth in their use ("Get me a beer, would you?") or tolerate use by youth • Parents have trouble setting consistent expectations and limits • Family conflict/abuse • Loss of employment

  9. What Should Parents Do To Promote a Drug Free Lifestyle Protective Factors • Close family relationships • Consistency of parenting • Education is valued and encouraged, and parents are actively involved • Copes with stress in a positive way • Clear expectations and limits regarding alcohol and other drug use • Encourages supportive relationships with caring adults beyond the immediate family • Share family responsibilities, including chores and decision making • Family members are nurturing and support each other

  10. What Should Parents Do if they Suspect or Identify Substance Use Talk to your Son • Tell your son you LOVE him • Express your worry about using drugs or alcohol • Say that: You KNOW that drugs may seem like the thing to do, but doing drugs can have serious consequences; • Tell him you are there to LISTEN to him • Say you WANT them to be a part of the solution • Say what you will do to HELP him

  11. Recommended Actions if Parents Suspect or Discover Substance Use • Treat this like any other health condition --because it is • Make an appointment with a professional • Tell your son you want a professional opinion so you know that he is receiving the help he needs • Seek out professionals properly credentialed to assess alcohol and other drug issues

  12. Resources for Families seeking Help Agencies • Morton Center 1028 Barret Avenue, Louisville, KY P(502) 451-1221 • The Broeck Hospital 8521 Lagrange Rd, Louisville, KY P (502) 426-6380 • Caritas Peace Counseling Center2020 Newburg Road , Louisville, KY P (502) 451-3330

  13. Resources for Families seeking Help Individual Practitioners • John K. Bell, LCSW/CADC 7410 New Lagrange Road P (502) 423-0212 • Tim Schladand, LCSW/CADC7410 New Lagrange Road P (502) 426-7373 • Patrick McKiernan, PhD/CADC 1124 Logan Street P (502)439-9210