Greening the cap
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‘Greening’ the CAP. Brian Fuller Sarah Hauser Daria Kuznetsova Luis Suarez-Isaza Joe Wales. AGENDA. Our Pitch Proposed Changes to CAP Two-Part strategy Public Mobilization Member State Negotiations in European Parliament and Council of Ministers Recommendations. PROPOSITION.

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Greening the cap

‘Greening’ the CAP

Brian Fuller

Sarah Hauser

Daria Kuznetsova

Luis Suarez-Isaza

Joe Wales


  • Our Pitch

  • Proposed Changes to CAP

  • Two-Part strategy

    • Public Mobilization

    • Member State Negotiations in European Parliament and Council of Ministers

  • Recommendations

Public mobilisation

The CAP has been historically difficult to change:

1) Limited counter lobbying

  • Collective action problems amongst taxpayers

  • Lack of common interests amongst lobby groups

  • No unifying political entrepreneur

    2) Lack of awareness of the European public

  • 53% have never heard of the CAP

  • 24% accurately listed the CAP as one of the four largest items of EU Budget spending

Strategy for public mobilisation

  • European Citizens’ Initiative

  • Oxfam as “spearhead organization” to act as agenda setter

    3) Mobilization of other lobbying bodies such as:

    • Environment NGOs

    • Non-agricultural business groups

    • Urban trade unions

    • Other Development organisations

Eci details
ECI Details

European Citizens’ Initiative

  • 1 million signatures from at least a third of member states (nine)

  • Once registered, the commission gives decisions on whether it is going to propose the legislation within four months

  • Organisers of an initiative have to prove they are not lobbyists

  • Safeguards built into the process

  • EU Commission hopes to have it up and running by December


  • Crowded Budgetary Needs

  • Unsustainable Pillar I Expansion

    • New Member Nations Expect Parity

  • Accountability to mobilized domestic constituencies

    • Lobbies

    • Public Opinion

    • Dispel the “Democratic Deficit”

  • Growing Preference for Rural Development

Green energy development

  • Pillar II funds can be used for alternative energy

  • Green energy investment

    • Creation of jobs in green business operations

    • Support for CAP reform from manufacturing lobby

    • Development of rural areas

  • EU target of generating 20% of its energy from renewable sources by 2020.

  • Energy Security

    • Lower prices

    • Energy Independence from Russia

European parliament

  • Similar motivations and reservations

  • Features of Parliament which are particularly conducive to CAP reform:

    • Populist leanings of MEPs

    • EP’s Absolute Majority requires 376 of 761 votes proportionally fewer than any minimum coalition satisfying the QMV-majority

Key actors
Key Actors


HenrikHøegh, Minister of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries

  • Most absolute anti-CAP stances

  • Presidency from Jan 2012


    IlseAigner, Minister for Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection

  • Strong bargaining position

  • Shift Pillar I to II, vague on absolute funding

  • Benefit from Green Tech Investment

    United Kingdom

    Caroline Spelman, Secretary of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

  • Rebate Renewal vs CAP restructuring


  • Monitor European Citizens Initiative developments

  • Begin public mobilisation strategy in advance of the ECI

  • Encourage the UK or another country to take a leading role in negotiating for the proposed reform

  • Incentivise and protect the core coalition actors


  • Eurobarometer Report Europeans, Agriculture and the Common Agricultural Policy (2008), p4.

  • Eurobarometer70 Public Opinion in the European Union (2008), p68

  • European Trade Union Confederation Position of the ETUC on the 6th WTO Ministerial Conference (2005), section 1, a-d.

  • BusinessEuropeGo For Growth: An Agenda for the European Union in 2010-2014 (2010), p14 & p16

  • Taxpayer’s Alliance Research Note 46- The Great European Rip-Off (2009), p4.

  • Which? (Formerly UK Consumers Association) Hungry for Change? Which? Healthier Choice Progress Report (2009), p26.

  • Various examples, see particularly Oxfam The Time is Now: How world leaders should respond to the food price crisis (2008), p7-8. Also for the USA Oxfam Square pegs in Round holes: How the Farm Bill squanders chances for a pro-development trade deal (2008).

  • Eurobarometer 70 (2008) (p68) asked those surveyed to list their 4 priority areas for EU Budget spending. Aggregating across the EU Agriculture and Rural Development came ninth with only 14% of Europeans allocating one of their 4 preferences to it. This compares with Climate Change & Environmental Protection (5th with 23%) and Energy Issues (6th with 22%).

  • Jambor and Harvey 2010 CAP Reform Options: A Challenge for Analysis & Synthesis

  • Majority Calculator for Council Decisions, German Federal Ministry of Economics and TechnologyLandgrebe et al 2009 German Perspectives on the Current CAP Reform

  • Defra and HM Treasury, A Vision for the Common Agricultural Policy, December 2005

  • Council for the Rural Area, Implementation and Vision of Common Agricultural Policy,Fact Sheet - Italy

  • Eurobarometer 70 – National Report Italy (2008) p5

  • Eurobarometer 262 (2007) Special Energy Policy survey EU-25

  • Birdlife International (2008) Debating the Future of the Common Agricultural Policy, Country Profiles

  •  Euractiv.comCall for EU budget reform to match green priorities