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In and Beyond the Classroom: Educating for Courage. International Conference on Character Education Yogyakarta University Nov. 9, 2011 Bernice Lerner, Ed.D. How might we deliberately go about helping our students to develop good habits/make wise choices/internalize virtue?.

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in and beyond the classroom educating for courage

In and Beyond the Classroom: Educating for Courage

International Conference on Character Education

Yogyakarta University

Nov. 9, 2011

Bernice Lerner, Ed.D.

slide2

How might we deliberately go about helping our students to develop good habits/make wise choices/internalize virtue?

By means of four strategies

courage

Courage

Ofr. Corage, curage - heart, spirit

L. Cor - heart

courage1
Courage
  • The attitude or response of facing and dealing with anything recognized as dangerous, difficult, or painful instead of withdrawing from it
  • Quality of being fearless or brave; valor
  • Mind; purpose; disposition; spirit; temper

- Webster’s New World Dictionary of the American Language, 1966.

slide11

What is fearful is

not the same for every person

.

the emotion of fear overcomes us when we
The emotion of fear overcomes us when we...
  • fear what we should not.
  • fear as we should not.
  • fear when we should not.
slide14

“The [person]… who faces and who fears the right things, from the right motive, in the right way, and who feels confidence under the corresponding conditions, is brave…” -Aristotle

the coward
The Coward
  • Lacks confidence
  • Displays excessive fear in difficult/painful situations
the rash person
The Rash Person
  • Is boastful, a pretender to courage.
  • Displays inappropriate fearlessness
guo you bu ji

Guo You Bu Ji

“The excess

is as bad

as the deficiency”

the brave person
The Brave Person
  • Is collected beforehand, and excited in the moment of action.
  • Is motivated by a sense of honour.
  • Will have fears, but will face them as he or she ought.
slide21

“Heroism is the dazzling

and glorious concentration

of courage.”

-Henri Frederic Amiel

slide22

“Courage, as a virtue… presupposes some form of selflessness, altruism, or generosity.”- André Comte-Sponville

courage is
Courage is...
  • the precondition of all other virtues
  • will at its most determined, and, in the face of danger or suffering, at its most necessary.
  • resistant to intellectualism

- André Comte-Sponville

courage look alikes vs true courage
Courage Look-Alikes vs. True Courage
  • The courage of the citizen-soldier who is not motivated by penalties or prizes, but by an internal sense of what is right.
  • The courage of the person who faces death with knowledge of the facts, i.e., that the odds are against him/her.
slide27
The courage of the person who does not have time to prepare a response, who responds bravely to alarms.
  • The courage of the person who stands by his/her convictions, no matter the consequences.
how does one become courageous
How does one become courageous?

“… the virtues we get by first exercising them….we become brave by doing brave acts.”

- Aristotle

slide29

“The bravest thing you can do when you are not brave is to profess courage and act accordingly.”

- Corra May White Harris

(1869-1935)

slide30

“If a man has any greatness in him, it comes to light, not in one flamboyant hour, but in the ledger of his daily work.”- Beryl Markham, West With the Night

robert and magdalene scholl
Inge, b. 1917

Hans, b. 1918

Elisabeth, b. 1920

Sophie, b. 1921

Werner, b. 1922

Robert and Magdalene Scholl
slide36

Ulm, Germany

1930-1940

hans scholl
Hans Scholl
  • Became disillusioned with The Hitler Youth
  • Intellectual
  • Soldier
  • Medical student
  • Founder of “The White Rose”
alexander schmorell schurik
Alexander Schmorell (Schurik)
  • In medical school to please his physician father
  • Artist & musician
  • Cherished his Russian ancestry (on mother’s side)
  • Lost his mother in infancy
christopher probst
Christopher Probst
  • Soldier
  • Medical student
  • Married, 3 children
  • Came from a family of Bavarian scholars
willi graf
Willi Graf
  • Soldier
  • Medical student
  • Devout Catholic
  • Joined W.R. late
  • Got supplies
  • Traveled to recruit support
professor kurt huber
Professor Kurt Huber
  • Popular professor of philosophy
  • Carefully concealed biting remarks against Hitler
  • Contributed to 5th leaflet
  • Drafted 6th leaflet
jurgen wittenstein
Jurgen Wittenstein
  • Medical student
  • Introduced Alex and Hans
  • Survived. Now a retired doctor and professor living in Santa Barbara, CA