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Exploration of Poetry. AP Poetry Unit. Aspects of Poetry. Voice Tone Diction Syntax Imagery Figures of Speech Sound effects Rhythm. TPCASTT. Title Paraphrase Connotation/Diction Attitude/Tone Syntax Theme Title again. Figures of Speech in poetry.

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Exploration of poetry

Exploration of Poetry

AP Poetry Unit

Aspects of poetry
Aspects of Poetry

  • Voice

  • Tone

  • Diction

  • Syntax

  • Imagery

  • Figures of Speech

  • Sound effects

  • Rhythm


  • Title

  • Paraphrase

  • Connotation/Diction

  • Attitude/Tone

  • Syntax

  • Theme

  • Title again

Figures of speech in poetry
Figures of Speech in poetry

  • Language is either literal or figurative. Figurative language is when we mean something other than the actual meaning.

  • Rhetoricians have 250 different figures of speech.

Figures of speech
Figures of Speech

  • Metaphor – makes a direct comparison of unlike objects by identification or substitution

  • Simile – a direct comparison of two unlike objects using like or as – established comparison explicitly where the metaphor is implied.

  • Conceit – an extended metaphor comparing two unlike objects with powerful effect

Figures of speech1
Figures of Speech

  • Personification – endowing inanimate objects or abstract concepts with animate characteristics or qualities

  • Apostrophe – an address to a person or personified object not present

  • Extended figure – a fos (metaphor, simile, personification, apostrophe) sustained or developed through a considerable number of lines or through a whole poem

Figures of speech2
Figures of Speech

  • Metonymy – the substitution of a word that relates to the object or person to be named, in place of the name itself. Substituting an attribute of a thing for the thing itself

  • Synecdoche – using a part to signify the whole, a part represents the whole object or idea

Figures of speech3
Figures of Speech

  • Hyperbole – gross exaggeration for effect

  • Litotes – a form of understatement in which the negative of an antonym is used to achieve emphasis and intensity

Figures of speech irony
Figures of Speech - Irony

  • Irony – contrast between actual meaning and the suggestion of another meaning

  • Verbal irony – meaning one thing and saying another

  • Dramatic irony – two levels of meaning what the speaker says and what he means. What the speaker says and what the author means

  • Situational irony – when the reality of the situation differs from the anticipated or intended effect; when something unexpected occurs.

Fos symbolism
FOS - Symbolism

  • Symbolism – object or action that means more than itself – beyond itself. Use of one subject to suggest another hidden object or idea. Meaning of a symbol whether an object, action, gesture is controlled by its context.

How to tell a symbol
How to tell a symbol?????

  • Is the object, action, gesture, or event important to the poem? Is it described in detail? Does it occur repeatedly? Does it appear at a climatic moment?

  • Does the poem seem to warrant our granting its details more significance than their immediate literal meaning

  • Does the symbolic reading make sense? Does it account for literal details without ignoring or distorting them?

Figures of speech4
Figures of Speech

  • Imagery – the use of words to represent things, actions, or ideas by sensory description

  • Paradox – a statement that appears self – contradictory, but that underlines a basis of truth

  • Oxymoron – contradictory terms brought together to express a paradox for strong effect


  • Allusion - -a reference to an outside fact, event, or other source

  • Allegory – a narrative or description having a second meaning beneath the surface one