dative case n.
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Dative case. Stage 9 grammar goodness . Cases. Remember that “case” refers to the function of a noun in a sentence. A noun in the nominative case functions as the subject (i.e. the one doing the action).

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dative case

Dative case

Stage 9 grammar goodness 

cases
Cases
  • Remember that “case” refers to the function of a noun in a sentence.
    • A noun in the nominative case functions as the subject (i.e. the one doing the action).
    • A noun in the accusative case functions as the direct object (receiver of the action).
  • Now we’ll see a new case: the dative case.
  • Its function: the indirectobject.
  • This is translated as “to” or “for”.
    • Metella gave money to Melissa.
    • Nominative accusative dative
noun chart
Noun chart
  • As we saw, we need to add a new row to our noun chart for the dative case:
practice translate the following
Practice-translate the following
  • amicus servo anulum dat.
  • The friend gives a ring to the slave.
  • servusamicoanulum dat.
  • The slave gives a ring to the friend.
  • MetellaMelissaepecuniam dat.
  • Metella gives money to Melissa
  • Metellae Melissa pecuniam dat.
  • Melissa gives money to Metella.
personal pronouns
Personal pronouns
  • Remember that a pronoun takes the place of a noun.
  • Instead of saying “The boys” I can say “they,” or instead of saying “Metella” I can say “she.”
  • Personal pronouns in English include:
  • I
  • You
  • He
  • Me
  • We
  • They
  • Etc.
personal pronouns continued
Personal pronouns, continued
  • We’ve learned some of these in Latin, and now we can add the DATIVES! 
practice
Practice:
  • Egotibipecuniam do.
  • I give money to you.
  • Tumihipecuniam das.
  • You give money to me.
  • Tume vides.
  • You see me.
  • Ego te video.
  • I see you.