Legislative Branch. 1. Congress. Every two years all of the members of the House of Representatives and 1/3 of the Senators are elected. This two year period between elections is called a “Congress.”. 2. Sessions. Two sessions per term/Congress Begin in January
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Senate and the House of Representatives
10th District Map
Illinois 4th District
Rep. Luis Gutierrez (D)
Georgia 5th Congressional District
Florida 5th District
Rep. Corrine Brown (D)
Colorado 5th Congressional District
Massachusetts 5th Congressional District
Speaker of the House
Powers that only the House of Representatives has:
Senators must be:
President Pro Tempore
Powers that only the Senate has:
Senators and Representatives sometimes get in trouble. Depending on what they did, they may be punished one of two ways:
Censure or Expulsion.
Powers of Congress
Thomas Jefferson was a strict constructionist
Alexander Hamilton was a liberal constructionist
Congress obtains its powers from three different sources of law:
Powers provided to Congress by The Constitution.
Article 1, Section 8.
“To make all laws necessary and proper to the execution of any of the other powers”,
Article 1, Section 18.
This phrase is known by two terms:
1) The Necessary and Proper Clause
2) The Elastic Clause
These exist because the Framers knew they could not anticipate everything which the Congress might need to do to carry out the duties of the Expressed Powers.
Creating a National Bank (Federal Reserve)
Selective Service (Draft)
These exist because they are normal duties which are inherent to a sovereign nation.
Securing the Borders