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Chapter 20 Section 4. Napoleon’s Fall and Europe’s Reactions. Key Terms. Czar Alexander I Hundred Days Duke of Wellington Prince Klemens von Metternich Charles Maurice de Talleyrand Indemnity Reactionary. The Russian Campaign. Czar Alexander I- Russian leader

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key terms
Key Terms
  • Czar Alexander I
  • Hundred Days
  • Duke of Wellington
  • Prince Klemens von Metternich
  • Charles Maurice de Talleyrand
  • Indemnity
  • Reactionary
the russian campaign
The Russian Campaign
  • Czar Alexander I- Russian leader
  • Concerned that Napoleon stationed troops at his border
  • Worried about imports for his country
  • Napoleon moved his troops into Russia
the russian campaign1
The Russian Campaign
  • 600,000 soldiers invade
  • Most soldiers were new recruits
  • Supplies were lost or spoiled
  • July heat tough on men and horses
  • Disease, desertion, hunger thinned the ranks
the russian campaign2
The Russian Campaign
  • Napoleon wanted a quick victory
  • Russian troops withdrew
  • Peasants moved and set their fields on fire
  • August French troops moving to Moscow
  • French won a battle
the russian campaign3
The Russian Campaign
  • Russian army 90000 strong retreated
  • French army in Moscow in September
  • City deserted and in flames
  • Napoleon could not support his troops
  • Left Moscow in October
the russian campaign4
The Russian Campaign
  • Russians forced the French to retreat as they entered
  • Russian peasants attacked isolated French soldiers
  • Harsh Russian winter kills thousands
  • 94,000 out 600,000 return to France
defeat and exile to elba
Defeat and Exile to Elba
  • Russia, Prussia, Austria, Great Britain become allies
  • October 1813 met with Napoleon
  • Napoleon defeated
  • Allies enter Paris in triumph
defeat and exile to elba1
Defeat and Exile to Elba
  • Napoleon has to give up the throne
  • Keeps title of emperor
  • Sent to island of Elba
  • Off the coast of Italy with 400 guards
the last campaigns
The Last Campaigns
  • Allies restore French monarchy
  • Louis XVII takes the throne
  • Return France to 1792 borders
  • King became unpopular
  • French feared a return to the old ways
the hundred days
The Hundred Days
  • After a year in exile Napoleon escapes
  • Louis XVII flees to Belgium
  • French had despised Napoleon
  • Thousands of citizens were excited
  • Troops sent to arrest Napoleon pledged their loyalty
the hundred days1
The Hundred Days
  • March 20 Napoleon arrives in Paris
  • People cheered
  • Hundred days begins
  • Hundred days- brief period of renewed glory for Napoleon
battle of waterloo
Battle of Waterloo
  • Napoleon’s enemies gathered for another battle
  • Duke of Wellington –British commander
  • June 18, 1815 armies met at Waterloo
  • Prussia and Britain combine forces
  • Push the French off the battlefield
battle of waterloo1
Battle of Waterloo
  • French and British suffer huge loses
  • Casualties total 50,000 men
  • Waterloo crushing defeat for Napoleon
  • End of the Napoleonic Wars
napoleon s final days
Napoleon’s Final Days
  • Tried to escape to America
  • Exiled to Saint Helena, 1200 miles from mainland
  • Napoleon did not escape
  • Died 6 years later at 51
the congress of vienna
The Congress of Vienna
  • Purpose was to create a stable Europe
  • Diplomats redrew map-of-Europe
  • 700 diplomats attend
  • Only a few were crucial to negotiations
the congress of vienna1
The Congress of Vienna
  • Lord Castlereagh, Czar Alexander I, King Frederick William III, Prince Klemens von Metternich, Charles Maurice de Talleyrand
  • Meeternich had a strong distaste for democracy

Wanted to restore the old balance of power

  • Restore old monarchies, compensate allies
  • Wanted to make sure France would never rise again
  • Congress wanted to put down revolution where ever it occurred
redrawing the map
Redrawing the Map
  • Congress of Vienna changed many borders
  • Strengthened nations around France
  • 38 German states for the German Coalition
  • Britain gains oversea territories
  • France lost all its conquered territory
  • Indemnity- France had to pay back damages to other countries
restoring monarchies
Restoring Monarchies
  • Restored some monarchies Napoleon had eliminated
  • Old Bourbon family returned to Spain and Sicily
  • Monarchies restored in Portugal and Sardinia
metternich s influence
Metternich’s Influence
  • Reactionary-ideals not only oppose progress but want things to return to the old ways
  • Metternich was a reactionary
  • Believed in absolute monarchy
  • Despised constitutions, voting rights, freedom of religion
metternich s influence1
Metternich’s Influence
  • Austria, Germany, Italy, suppressed liberal ideas with secret police
  • Newspapers were not allowed to publish opposing views
revolution s legacy
Revolution’s Legacy
  • After Congress of Vienna monarchs ruled much of Europe
  • Citizens rights were again restricted
  • French Revolution changed many things
  • Nobles and monarchs were not secure in their positions
revolution s legacy1
Revolution’s Legacy
  • Enlightenment ideas would not go away
  • Common people knew they could make changes
  • People no longer assumed nothing can change
  • Revolution lasted 10 years
revolutions legacy
Revolutions Legacy
  • Inspired people for 200 years
  • Survived worst horrors of French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars
  • Massive revolutions occurred in France and Rumania
  • Inspired Latin America to overthrow colonial rule