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Teaching English for Young Learners. Katie Bain ktbain53@gmail.com elfellowkbain.wordpress.com. Ice Breaker. Find Someone Who What connection do these answers have to how you teach children?

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teaching english for young learners

Teaching English for Young Learners

Katie Bain



ice breaker
Ice Breaker
  • Find Someone Who
  • What connection do these answers have to how you teach children?
  • What ideas come to your mind for how you could change your teaching for young learners as you reflect on these activities?
pre discussion questions
Pre-Discussion Questions
  • What young learners do you teach?
  • What resources do you have for them?
  • What are the joys and challenges of teaching young learners?
  • What questions do you have about teaching young learners?
  • What do you want to know?
authentic materials
Authentic Materials

Materials used in the targe culture for actual communicative needs


Storage boxes that contain materials for classroom use


Words or phrases that are repeated again and again, in a rhythm

classroom library
Classroom Library

An area of the classroom where students can find books and resource material

classroom management
Classroom Management

The way in which the teacher manages the students and content of classroom learning.

guided language acquisition design glad
Guided Language Acquisition Design (GLAD)

Instructional approach for grades K-8 for low and intermediate language level learners that provides authentic opportunities for use of academic language, maintains highest standards and expectations for all students, and fosters voice and identity.

guided language acquisition design glad1
Guided Language Acquisition Design (GLAD)

Primary language is proveded by trained, bilingual teachers, trained bilingual aides, trained parents, or cross-age/peer tutoring. Emphasizes teacher collaboration. Listening, speaking, reading, and writing are integrated among all content areas with an emphasis on science, social studies, and literature.

holistic language
Holistic Language

Language treated as a whole, with integration of skills

individualized learning differentiated instruction
Individualized learning/ Differentiated instruction

Opportunities for student to interact with material at their own rate and level

language experience approach
Language Experience Approach

Uses learners’ own experiences as a basis for classroom speaking, listening, reading, and writing activities. Learners dictate to the teacher or assistant, who writes down what they say.

Language Experience Approach Video


A reading approach that teaches the written symbols which represent sounds of a language

sound symbol correspondence
Sound-symbol correspondence

The relationship between the sounds of a language and the written forms of those sounds


A short dramatization or play

total physical response tpr
Total Physical Response (TPR)

A language teaching approach that combines language learning with physical movement, initially based on commands.

tpr storytelling tpr s
TPR-Storytelling (TPR-S)

TPR-S adds the additional component of oral performance and the acting out of stories.

transition techniques
Transition techniques

Techniques for changing from one activity to another

learning centers stations
Learning Centers/Stations

Areas of a classroom that are set up for learning purposes

video viewing
Video Viewing

Younger Learners (K-5)

video introduction
Video Introduction
  • Try to write down the key tips given in the video
video introduction1
Video Introduction

After finishing the video turn and talk to your neighbor and try to answer these questions.

  • What is the purpose of this activity?
  • Could you do this in your classroom?
video introduction2
Video Introduction
  • Warm, Friendly, Comfortable Room
  • Clear rules, routines, instructions, directions
  • Variety of activities with repetition
  • Time to move, work, have fun
video part 1
Video Part 1
  • What was the purpose of the activity?
  • Teaching steps (seen and unseen)
  • Amount of time needed
  • Student response: Are they having fun? Have they met the objective of the lesson?
video part 2
Video Part 2
  • Purpose of the activity
  • Clarity of directions
  • Variety of movement
  • Particular teaching technique
video part 3
Video Part 3
  • List the stations in the room and the different types of activities going on in them.
  • Notice how the chairs, tables, and rugs are arranged in the room.
  • Look for the teacher and describe what you see her doing.
characteristics of young learners
Characteristics of Young Learners


They are learning to socialize as well as learning through socializing.

characteristics of young learners1
Characteristics of Young Learners


They need to be physically active.

characteristics of young learners3
Characteristics of Young Learners

Need repetition

They need lots of repetition and clear directions.

characteristics of young learners4
Characteristics of Young Learners

“Me” focused

They are “me” focused and respond emotionally to learning activities.

characteristics of young learners5
Characteristics of Young Learners


They are naturally curious and usually willing to learn.

characteristics of young learners6
Characteristics of Young Learners


Cognitive and motor skills are still developing.

characteristics of young learners7
Characteristics of Young Learners


Their verbal skills are generally more advanced than their literate skills.

characteristics of young learners8
Characteristics of Young Learners

Short attention span

They have a short attention span, which becomes longer as they get older.

characteristics of young learners9
Characteristics of Young Learners

Formulate their own language rules

They are able to formulate their own language rules from comprehensible language input.

summary of videos
Summary of Videos
  • Directions were simple and clear.
  • Students moved from one actity to another easily.
  • There was an element of fun, of learning through play.
your turn
Your Turn!
  • Design a lesson plan in partners or small groups that includes some of the techniques seen today.
  • Share your plan with the group.
  • I will post everyone’s plans on my blog.
lesson plan
Lesson Plan
  • Age and level of students
  • Objective of lesson
  • Order of activities
  • Explanation of what was incorporated from the presentation and why.

Example: We incorporated Total Physical Response so that our students can have the opportunity to learn through movement.

thank you

Katie Bain



  • Opp-Beckman, L., Klinghammer, S.J. (2006). Younger Learners (K-5). Shaping the Way We Teach.(121-128). Washington, D.C.: Office of English Language Programs.