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Chapter 9: Weather Vocabulary. Topic 7 in Textbook/Workbook Page 126. Assignment. Due Friday April 11 th All 30 vocabulary words Words and definitions are to be copied onto loose leaf. 7 Vocabulary Words illustrated You may pick 7 of the vocabulary words to explain using a picture.

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chapter 9 weather vocabulary

Chapter 9: WeatherVocabulary

Topic 7 in Textbook/Workbook

Page 126

  • Due Friday April 11th
  • All 30 vocabulary words
    • Words and definitions are to be copied onto loose leaf.
  • 7 Vocabulary Words illustrated
    • You may pick 7 of the vocabulary words to explain using a picture.

Typed vocab words & clip art pictures will not be accepted.

This assignment will count as a test grade!



air mass
Air Mass

A large body of air in the troposphere with similar characteristics of pressure, moisture, and temperature

air pressure gradient
Air Pressure Gradient

The change in air pressure over a given area.


A weather instrument used to measure wind speed.

atmospheric barometric or air pressure
Atmospheric, Barometric, or Air Pressure
  • The weight of the overlying atmosphere pushing down on a given unit of area.
atmospheric transparency
Atmospheric Transparency

How transparent the atmosphere is to insolation; how easily can insolation pass through the air.


An instrument used to measure air pressure

cloud cover
Cloud Cover
  • The fraction or percent of the total sky at a location that is covered by clouds.
cold front
Cold Front
  • The interface of an advancing cold air mass and a warmer air mass. 
  • A low-pressure portion of the troposphere that has air moving towards its center. Rotates counterclockwise. Includes: hurricanes & tornadoes, also called a low.
cyclonic storm
Cyclonic storm

A large type of low-pressure storm system formed in the mid-latitudes.

dew point
Dew Point

The temperature at which the air becomes saturated with water vapor and the relative humidity is 100%


The interface between two air masses of different characteristics.


The water vapor in the atmosphere


An isoline used on weather and climate maps that connect points of equal air pressure.

jet stream
Jet Stream
  • A concentrated curving band of high speed, easterly moving winds usually at the top of Earth’s troposphere.

Cyclic and extreme weather changes caused by the shifting wind and pressure belts. Common in southwest Asia

occluded front
Occluded front
  • The boundary of opposing wedges of cold air masses formed when a cold front overtakes a warm front, lifting the warm air mass of Earth’s surface, forming mid-latitude cyclones
planetary wind belt
Planetary wind belt

East-west zones on Earth where the wind blows from one direction much of the time. AKA prevailing winds.

polar front
Polar Front

An ever-changing boundary between the colder air masses toward the poles and the warmer air masses toward the middle latitudes.


Falling liquid or solid water from clouds toward Earth’s surface.


The chance of some environmental event, such as rain or an earthquake occurring.


An instrument that is used to indirectly measure the amount of water vapor in the air, such as a sling psychrometer


An instrument that uses radio/microwave electromagnetic radiation to observe many weather features such as precipitation, tornadoes, and hurricanes

relative humidity
Relative humidity

The ratio of the amount of water vapor in the air to the maximum amount it can hold

stationary front
Stationary Front

A weather condition in which the boundary between two air masses remains in the same position

station model
Station Model

Cities and other weather station sites on weather maps represented by circles, with symbols in and around each circle that indicate the many weather variables.


The part of the atmosphere immediately above Erath’s surface; where most weather changes occur.


The farthest distance at which one can see a prominent object at Earth’s surface with the naked eye; decreased by fog, air pollution, and precipitation.

warm front
Warm Front

The boundary of an advancing warm air mass and a retreating wedge of a cooler air mass; characterized by a gentle slope, long periods of precipitation, and strato (layered) clouds.

water vapor
Water Vapor

Gaseous water in the atmosphere; also called moisture or steam.

weather variables
Weather Variables

Condition of the atmosphere such as temperature, air pressure, wind, moisture conditions, cloud cover, precipitation, and storms.