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12.2 Americans Move Westward. Main Idea During the early 1800’s, a flood of settlers pushed the frontier ever farther to the West. Western Expansion. Land and economic opportunity. Manifest Destiny. Large numbers of settlers moved toward the western frontier. Moving West.

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12 2 americans move westward

12.2 Americans Move Westward

Main Idea

During the early 1800’s, a flood of settlers pushed the frontier ever farther to the West.

western expansion
Western Expansion
  • Land and economic opportunity.
  • Manifest Destiny.
  • Large numbers of settlers moved toward the western frontier.
moving west
Moving West
  • Daniel Boone an early pioneer helped clear Wilderness road.

-Cumberland Gap.

-Crossed Appalachian Mtns. into Kentucky.

a growing population
A Growing Population
  • From 1792-1819 what eight states joined the Union (United States)?
roads and turnpikes
Roads and Turnpikes
  • Turnpikes are toll roads.
  • Amer. Gov. and private investors help built network of roads.
  • What are corduroy roads?
national road
National Road
  • 1838, extends from MD to IL.
  • Infrastructure.
canals
Canals
  • A channel that is dug across land and filled with water (man-made river).
  • Other states build 3,000 miles of canals by 1837.
erie canal
Erie Canal
  • Links Lake Erie to the Hudson River.

-Great Lakes to the Atlantic.

slave and free states
Slave and Free States
  • How many free states were there and how many slave states in 1819?
  • Missouri wanted to be admitted as what kind of state?
  • Northern states worried that the south would have too much power in congress.
missouri compromise 1820
Missouri Compromise, 1820
  • When terr. pop. reaches 60,000 may apply for statehood.
  • Henry Clay was a senator who persuaded Congress to approve the Missouri Compromise.
slide12

Preserved balance between slave and free states.

-Maine: Free, Missouri: Slave.

-36*30’ line allows slavery to be legal.

-Allowed slave owners to pursue escaped fugitive slaves into “Free regions.”

a continuing problem
A Continuing Problem
  • The Missouri compromise revealed deep divisions between the North and the South over the issue of slavery.
essential questions
Essential Questions
  • In which ways did the building of better roads and canals (Erie Canal and the National Road) help the nation grow? (pg. 276-277)
  • What were the main points of the Missouri Compromise and how did it resolve a conflict between the North and South? (pg. 278)