Organizational Life Cycles • Bailey Johnson & Amanda Kurz • UGA Institute for Nonprofit Organizations
5 Life Stages of Nonprofit Organizations • Stage One: Imagine and Inspire ("Can the dream be realized?") • Stage Two: Found and Frame ("How are we going to pull this off?") • Stage Three: Ground and Grow ("How can we build this to be viable?") • Stage Four: Produce and Sustain ("How can the momentum be sustained?") • Stage Five: Review and Renew ("What do we need to redesign?") Simon, J.S. (2001)
Quinn & Cameron, 1983 • (i) creativity and entrepreneurship stage, whereby innovation, marshaling of resources for survival and concentration on input activities are important • (ii) collectivity stage, where emphasis is placed upon communication and cohesion, which is associated with an internal process, becomes top priority • (iii) formalization and control stage, which focuses on stability, control and production efficiency • (iv) structure elaboration and adaption stage, where domain expansion and flexibility become a growing concern.
Effective Change • Phase 1: Motivating Change • Phase 2: Creating Vision • Phase 3: Developing Political Support • Phase 4: Managing Transition • Phase 5: Sustaining Momentum
Roles During Change • Change Initiator • Change Agent • Champion for Change • Sponsor for Change • Leadership, Supervision and Delegation
Application Activity • Split into groups. • Read the article. • Describe in which stage of the organizational life cycle this nonprofit orgainzation resides. How can you tell? • What changes would you recommend for this organization to further develop or move to the next stage?
Resources • McNamara, C. (2008). Field guide to leadership and supervision. Minneapolis, MN: Authenticity Consulting. • www.managementhelp.org • Chin, D.C.W. (1994). Organizational life cycle: a review and proposed directions for research. Mid-Atlantic Journal of Business. From www.allbusiness.com.