What is ANZAC?. ANZAC = A ustralia and N ew Z ealand A rmy C orps. What it means today.
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ANZAC = Australia and New Zealand Army Corps
25th April 1915 the Australia and New Zealand Army Corps land at Gallipoli
Australia lost more soldiers in WWI in proportion to its population than any other country
Of the many examples of sheer courage, the most remembered must be that of
"Simpson and his Donkey".
Jack (John) Simpson Kirkpatrick, was born in 1892 and learned all about donkeys a aboy when living in England.
In Perth on 23rd August 1914, Jack was accepted and chosen as a field ambulance stretcher bearer. He joined the 3rd Field Ambulance at Blackboy Hill camp, 35 km east of Perth on the same day.
During his twenty-four days of donkey trips, Simpson single handedly rescued around three hundred wounded soldiers by bringing them down Monash Valley on the backs of donkeys.
On the morning of 19 May, 42 000 Turkish soldiers launched an all-out attack against the 17 356 strong Anzac line, in attempt to drive the invaders back into the sea. The Turkish were caught out in the open and lost 3 000 men with 10 000 wounded in repeated attacks over open ground. The Anzacs lost only 168 men.
Jack had just collected a casualty and was coming back down Monash Valley when he was hit and killed by a machine gun bullet in the back. He was buried amongst great gloom by the soldiers who had much admired his bravery, and his grave was marked with a simple wooden cross.
He become one of Australia’s most famous, and best-loved military heroes.
Combine the flour (sifted), oats, coconut and sugar in a bowl.
Melt the butter and Golden Syrup (or honey) in a saucepan over a low heat..
Mix the bicarbonate of soda with the water and add to the butter and Golden Syrup.
Pour the liquids into the dry ingredients and mix well.
Spoon dollops of mixture, about the size of a walnut shell, onto a greased tin leaving as much space again between dollops to allow for spreading.
Bake in a moderate oven, 180C / 350F, for 15-20 minutes.
Cool on a wire rack and seal in airtight containers.
Australian Soldiers playing two-up, Ypres, 1917
Anzac Day, Goulburn 1999.AWM 1999/72/11
They do not grow old,
as we that are left grow old,
age shall not weary them,
nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun,
and in the morning,
we will remember them.
Lest we forget.
IN TIMES OF WAR
Men often had to march hundreds of miles to reach the battlefield.
During much of the First World War the men had to fight in trenches such as these at Flanders. The trenches were often filled with water and rats. The men were seldom dry or comfortable.
This picture shows people celebrating the end of the First World War.Armistice was declared at 11:00 a.m on November 11, 1918.
The eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month is when people everywhere pause to remember those who made the ultimate sacrifice so that we could live in peace.
Australian National Anthem
Australians all let us rejoiceFor we are young and freeWe've golden soil and wealth for toil,Our home is girt by sea:Our land abounds in nature's giftsOf beauty rich and rare,In history's page let every stageAdvance Australia fair,In joyful strains then let us singAdvance Australia fair.