Vietnam. Jacinta McHugh. Where in the World?. Map of Vietnam. About Vietnam. Located in South East Asia. Estimated population of 84 million of which 75% of people live in rural areas. Life expectancy at birth: 71.3 Human Development Index Rank: 109
China in 19thcentury and the U.S. and France in 20th century.
Kate McCarthy Seamus Finnerty
Target 1 – Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1 a day
"Although Vietnam's overall progress towards MDG’s remains impressive, there are now real challenges to ensuring that those Vietnamese families that have left poverty do not fall back into poverty.”
- John Hendra, United Nations Resident Coordinator in Vietnam
Hunger- a condition in which people do not get enough food to provide the nutrients (carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals and water) for active and healthy lives (Bread for the World Hunger Report 2004)
Other factors which effect the problem of hunger; unclean
drinking water, low levels of sanitation, poor hygiene and
insufficient health services.
Ciara O’Dea Anthony O’Donoghue
According to the UN progress is good but needs to be sped up – due to steadily-increasing pollution and bio-diversity loss; slowest initiative is provision of sanitation facilities.
Compared to 60.5% of the population living in slums in 1990, in 2005 there were only 41.3% living in slums.
The land area covered by forest has increased from 28.8% in 1990 to 36% in 2000 to 39.7% in 2005 – due to reforestation initiatives - Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) & the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment in Vietnam.
Vietnam is one of world’s most biologically diverse countries - 10% of the world’s species - in danger due to agricultural expansion.
This goal is within reach with 96% enrolment.
Strategies have been implemented to encourage children to attend school.
50% less women die during child birth compared to other South-East Asian countries.
87.7% of births are attended by a health professional.
The availability and use of contraception is limited.