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25.2. The Partition of Africa Racheal Treadway. Africa in the 1800s. Africa was still a mysterious place Europeans knew the coastline because of their trading posts, but interior was a mystery Very culturally diverse Many different tribes and cities with different beliefs

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25 2
25.2

The Partition of Africa

Racheal Treadway


Africa in the 1800s
Africa in the 1800s

Africa was still a mysterious place

Europeans knew the coastline because of their trading posts, but interior was a mystery

Very culturally diverse

Many different tribes and cities with different beliefs

Different regions of Africa ruled by different people/empires


Explorers missionaries
Explorers & Missionaries

People begin expeditions into Africa

Europeans were not able to explore the interior of Africa before the 1800s

Geography & diseases like malaria made it too difficult

New technologies developed (steamships, medical advances) that would change all this.

Fascinated with the geography and adventure Africa presented


Explorers missionaries1
Explorers & Missionaries

Missionaries followed after the explorers

Built schools, hospitals, and churches

Also concerned about slave trade

Wanted to guide Africans to salvation

Pushed for westernization

Encouraged rejection of their traditions


Dr david livingstone
Dr. David Livingstone

Missionary/Explorer

More sympathetic towards the African people in his writings than most other Europeans

Thought the interior of Africa should be opened to trade and to Christianity.

Blazed trails that other explorers followed

Journalist Henry Stanley spent 2 years looking for him.

“Dr. Livingston, I presume?”

Spent 30 years exploring Africa and its people


The scramble begins
The Scramble Begins

  • King Leopold II hires Stanley to explore Congo River.

    • Wants to control for profit

  • Other countries soon follow after

    • Hold a conference in Berlin in 1884 to avoid wars

      • Leopold could have Congo Free State, but there should be free trade along Congo and Nile

      • European powers must have a government office in place before they could claim a territory

    • No Africans were present

  • People rushed in to get their share of Africa

  • Meanwhile Leopold took the riches of the Congo & treated the people savagely

    • Belgian government eventually steps in & takes control of it


Dividing the continent
Dividing the Continent

  • France takes large areas of Africa, but loses many soldiers

  • Britain content with taking smaller areas rich in resources

  • Boer War

    • Boers=Dutch farmers pushed inland by British

    • Gold & diamonds discovered in their republics

    • British fight bitterly for it from 1899-1902

    • End up combining it with other colonies to form Union of South Aftica


Resistance to foreign powers
Resistance to Foreign Powers

  • All of the European Powers faced resistance from native people

    • Algerians fought the French

    • British faced the Zulus and the Astantes

    • Maji-Maji Rebellion of 1905 caused the Germans to resort to starving locals

  • Ethiopia & Liberia stay free

    • Menelik II adopted western ways and was prepared for invasions.

  • Later in the 1900s nationalist movements would pose more threats


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