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SURVEY ON MUSIC HABITS OF YOUNG ADULTS USING PERSONAL MUSIC SYSTEM Kuruvilla Mathew, Swathy Ann Alexander, Ajith Kumar. UDr.M.V.Shetty College of Speech & Hearing, Mangalore, India Correspondence e-mail ID :

Comparison of listening duration between males and females

Results and Discussion



We found that about 66% of college going adults listen music through PMS. Also about 8% of individuals reported hearing problems and 27% of surveyed population reported some kind of otological problems. These numbers are alarming because it shows that almost 1 in every 3 individuals may be at risk for noise induced hearing loss.

  • The music listening habits as well as susceptibility to hearing loss depends on race and ethnicity (Jerger et al., 1986; Ishii et al., 1998).
  • Hence it is important to measure and document the music listening habits, the output sound pressure levels and its effects on hearing in different racial/ethnic groups.
  • This survey is a part of a larger project where we are looking at the relationship between music listening habits, output sound pressure levels of different PMS and their effect on hearing system, both behaviorally and physiologically in Indian population.
  • In this survey specifically we looked at the music listening habits of college going young adults in and around Mangalore using a custom developed Questionnaire.


  • Ref no:
  • Subject name: State:
  • Age/sex:
  • Note: please tick in the circle
  • Do you listen to music? yes/no, if yes ,which type of music :
    • Pop
    • Rock
    • Hard metal
    • Classic
    • Reggae
    • Others – specify :
  • Please specify the duration of listening to music on a daily basis ….Hr…min.
  • What kind of device you used to listen music?
    • Mobile
    • Mp 3 player
    • I-pod
    • Walkman
  • Please note: Manufacture’s:

Model no:

  • At what loudness do you generally prefer to listen music?
    • Low
    • Medium
    • High
  • Specify the situation when you listen to music?
    • Travelling
    • Reading
    • Leisure time
  • What type of ear phones you use for your device?
  • Do you feel any problem in hearing for a short period of time after listening to music?
  • Do you feel any of the below mentioned sensation in the ear, when you stop listening to music after a long period :
    • Blockage
    • Ringing
    • Heaviness
    • Irritation
    • Headache
  • While listening to music are you aware of the external or alarming sounds, eg; vehicles horn?
  • Do you feel?
    • Happy
    • Relaxed
    • Active

After listening to music

Comparison of other music habits of males and females

son of other music habits of males and females

Aim of the Study

  • To determine the prevalence of PMS use and listening habits in young adults in Indian population.



  • A total of 3000 college going students in and around Mangalore, a city in south India participated in the study.
  • This included 936 males and 2064 females.


  • A questionnaire was prepared for the survey.
  • The questionnaire used in the survey was composed of different questions related to PMS, its usage and its effect on hearing.
  • The data obtained was coded and was subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS (Version 13) software.


  • Jerger J, Jerger S, Pepe P, Miller R. Race difference in susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss. Am J Otol 1986;7:425-9.
  • Ishii EK, Talbott EO. Race / ethnicity differences in the prevalence of noise-induced hearing loss in a group of metal fabricating workers. J Occup Environ Med 1998; 40: 661-666.