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PHASE – OUT OF SINGLE HULL TANKERS INTERTANKO LATIN AMERICAN PANEL November 16, 2005 Miami Beach, Florida - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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PHASE – OUT OF SINGLE HULL TANKERS INTERTANKO LATIN AMERICAN PANEL November 16, 2005 Miami Beach, Florida USA – OPA 90 unchanged/clear/simple 2010 drop date for all US ports 2015 final drop date for all offshore & lightering areas IMO – many rule changes - 1992/2001/2003

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PHASE – OUT OF SINGLE HULL TANKERS

INTERTANKO LATIN AMERICAN PANEL

November 16, 2005

Miami Beach, Florida


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USA – OPA 90 unchanged/clear/simple

2010 drop date for all US ports

2015 final drop date for all offshore & lightering areas

IMO – many rule changes - 1992/2001/2003

Reg. 13G – initial clear/complex after amendments

Reg. 13H – restricts # of cargoes on SH tankers

PHASE–OUT OF S.H. TANKERS


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the ”25/30 years” criterion replaced with

a (similar to) OPA 90 phase-out type schedule

phase-out by ship type & ship delivery date

type 1 (pre-MARPOL) – out by end 2005

type 2 (PL/SBT) S.H. - out by end 2010 except when Administration allows until the 25th anniverssary but not later that 2015 (13G(7))

type 2 - DS/DB (as of 07/01/2001) – 25th anniverssary (pending Adminsitration approval; 13G(5))

type 3 (all tankers under 20K DWT) – as ship type 2

CAS – ships 15 years and over – survey planning compulsory (work with your Flag/RO well before due time)

BUT, 13G(8) gives Port State the right to deny entry

REG. 13G/20 (as amended 2001/2003)


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”heavy grade of oil” (HGO)

HGO is any oil with

density 900 kg/cub.m and over (at 15 Celsius) OR

kinematic viscosity 180 sq.mm/s (at 50 Celsiuis)

plus bitumen, tar and their emulssions

Application:

04/05/2005 in DH only for ships above 5,000 dwt

ship’s anniverssary date in 2008 in DB/double containment for ships between 600 dwt and 5,000 dwt

NEW REG. 13H/21 (amended 2005)


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DS/DB (as was 12/4/2003) may transport HGO up to 25th anniverssary if Administration allows (13H(5))

SH tankers over 5,000 dwt may transport crude oil with density up to 944.9 kg/cub.m up to 25th anniverssary if Adminsitration allows (13H(6)(a))

SH tankers between 600 dwt and 5,000 dwt may transport HGOs up to 25th anniversary if Administration allows (13H86)(b))

SH tankers or FPSO/FSU may transport/store HGOs in one country’s waters, if allowed (13H(7))

BUT Port States can deny entry of any of the above (13H(8))

NEW REG. 13H/21(possible) Exemptions


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http://www.intertanko.com/phaseout/ anniverssary if Administration allows (13H(5))

phase-out calculator

implementation policies (Flag & Port States)

table with crude oil densities

list of Parties to MARPOL

INTERTANKO Service


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1 – not later than 2015 anniverssary if Administration allows (13H(5))

2 - 2015 or 20th anniversary which one is earliest

3 - Japanese flag tankers until 2015 only if they have DB or DS

4 – SH foreign flag tankers until 2008; DB or DS foreign flag tankers until their 25th anniversary

5 – Korean and foreign flag tankers will not be allowed to enter Korean ports with HGOs as from 5 April 2006


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DH Tankers - Age Distribution anniverssary if Administration allows (13H(5))

Source: Joint Tanker Project


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%

Source: Fearnleys/INTERTANKO


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%

Source:LMIS/Informa/INTERTANKO


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Years

000 ts

Source:LMIS/Informa/INTERTANKO


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MARPOL Annex VI anniverssary if Administration allows (13H(5))

Regulations for

the Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships

INTERTANKO LATIN AMERICAN PANEL

November 16, 2005

Miami Beach, Florida


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Ratified by 22 Governments that have anniverssary if Administration allows (13H(5))a combined tonnage over 50% of World tonnage

ENTERED INTO FORCE on MAY 19th, 2005

Ratification by:

Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Greece, Japan, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Norway, Panama, St. Kitts and Nevis, Samoa, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, Vanuatu.

RATIFICATION


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All Ships anniverssary if Administration allows (13H(5)) are to comply irrespective of Flag State – Article 5(4) of MARPOL Convention – “no more favourable treatment”

But no obligation for ”non party” Governments

Many major ports still ”non-parties” (e.g USA, The Netherlands, etc.)

Bunkering in a “non party” port followed by a call in a “party” port – source of trouble out of ship’s control

Bunker Delivery documentation and Sample – here is the difficulty – FSI 13 & MEPC 53

IMPLEMENTATIONMission impossible?


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Certification application: any ship of 400 GT and above anniverssary if Administration allows (13H(5))

New ships – before enter into service (built on or after 05/19/2005)

Existing ships – not later that the first scheduled dry-docking but not later than 05/18/2008

Survey

Intial

Periodical (5 years)

Intermediate

Annual

Certification & Survey under Annex VI


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Scope: Control of exhaust gas emissions from ships anniverssary if Administration allows (13H(5))

Regulations for limiting/eliminating emissions of:

Ozon-depleting substances

Nitrogen oxides (NOx)

Sulphur oxides (SOx)

Volatile organic compunds (VOC)

Shipboard incinerators

Additinal requirements for:

Reception facilities

Fuel oil quality

MARPOL Annex VI


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Any deliberate emissions shall be prohibited anniverssary if Administration allows (13H(5))

New installation containing HCFCs (hydrochlorofluorocarbons)are permitted until January 1st, 2020

These substances, when removed from ships, must be delivered to reception facilities

Ozone-depleting substances


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New engines (i.e. power > 130 kW, installed on ships with buildng contract as from 01/01/2000) need to be compliant

The NOx emission is limited to 17 g/kW h for engines operating at max. 130 rpm but reducing to 9.8 g/kW h for 2000 rpm and more. Between these revs the limit is designated by equation:

45 * n(-0.2) g/kW h

Existing engines can be run, but

Major Conversion:

engine replacement after January 1st, 2000

substantial modification as defines in the NOx Tech. Code

the MCR of the engine is increased by more than 10%

Nitrogen Oxides (NOx)


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Identification of components, settings and operating values which influences NOx

Identification of the full range of allowable adjustments of alternatives for the components

Full records of the engine’s peformance

Onboard NOx verification method

Technical File


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Sulphur content of bunkers should not exceed which influences NOx

World wide trade 4.5%

Baltic Sea (from 05/19/2006) 1.5%

North Sea (from 10/2007 or 08/2007) 1.5%

Alternative exhaust gas cleaning on:

funnel

IG scrubbers

Sulphur Oxides (SOx)


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Plan in advance for entry and enter commencement date/time of preparation in Logbook together with bunker type quantities onboard.

Logbook record when entry requirements met and when ship enters SECA - remember Lat. & Long., date/time, together with bunker figures for each tank.

Maintain daily record of bunker used and quantification of bunker tanks whilst in SECA.

DO NOT COMMENCE SHIFT TO HIGH SULPHUR FUEL UNTIL EXIT FROM SECA. Log existing conditions for bunkers and Lat. & Long. with date/time.

Shipboard Procedures for SECAs


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ALTERNATIVES for SECAs of preparation in Logbook together with bunker type quantities onboard.


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Specific control of VOC emissons in ports and terminals of preparation in Logbook together with bunker type quantities onboard.

Tankers to have and use vapour collection systems (return lines) at the loading ports (VOC return manifold and operation standards in MSC/Circ.585)

Ports/terminals to provide reception facilities for VOCs

So far, very few terminals have such facilities

New technologies

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC)


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Incinerators installed after Jan. 1 of preparation in Logbook together with bunker type quantities onboard.st, 2000 to meet regulations and must be certified to meet the specifications in MEPC Resolution 76(40) (Appendix IV of Annex VI).

Each incinerator must have a manufacturer’s operations manual.

Crew responsible for the incinerator operation shall be trained and follow the operation manual.

Incinerators


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The following substances are prohibited from incineration: of preparation in Logbook together with bunker type quantities onboard.

Annex I, II and III cargo residues and related packing material.

PCBs.

Garbage as defined by Annex V containing heavy metals.

Petroleum Products containing halogens.

PVC can only be incinerated in type approved incinerators.

Flue gas temperatures shall be monitored and not less than 850 deg C for continuous feed and reach 600 deg C within 5 minutes for batch feed.

Operation of Incinerators


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“Fuel oil shall be blends of hydrocarbons derived from petroleum refining”

“Fuel oil shall be free from inorganic acid”

“Fuel oil shall not include any added substance or chemical waste which either:

jeopardises the safety of ships or adversely affects the performance of the machinery, or

is harmful to personnel, or

contributes overall to additional air pollution”

Fuel Oil Quality


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Bunker Delivery Note (BDN) petroleum refining”

Becomes a Statutory document

Must be kept on board for 3 years for inspection and a copy may be taken for further examination by PSC.

Must contain all data required by Appendix V

Name and IMO number of vessel

Port

Date of Commencement of delivery

Details of fuel oil supplier

Product name, quantity , Density at 15 0C and Sulphur content % m/m

A declaration that fuel supplied meets Regulation 14 and 18 requirements

Fuel Oil Quality


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bunker suppliers should make the certification in the BDN in the column provided for supplier’s confirmation, as follows:

“We certify that the bunker fuel oil delivered meets the requirements of regulations 14 and 18 of Annex VI of MARPOL 73/78.”

Declaration on Fuel Oil Quality


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A sealed sample meeting the requirements in associated guidelines has to be supplied to the ship by the bunker supplier

For each individual BDN a sample has to be taken at the vessel’s bunker receiving manifold. (see procedure in associated guidelines) – ISM Manuals !!??

The sample label has to be signed by both the bunker supplier’s representative and the vessel’s Chief Engineer.

The sample size shall be not less than 400 mls

The sample is not to be used for any commercial purpose

The sample is to be retained on board for at least 1 year for inspection by PSC as required

Fuel Oil Quality - Sampling


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Adequate bunker manifold location for sampler attachment guidelines

External safe storage location for samples for 1 year period

Log book for sample retention and custody transfer

Safe storage for BDNs and other documents relating to bunkering onboard

Shipboard Procedures for BDN and Samples


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Owners warrant that the vessel shall comply with the emission control and other requirements of Regulations 14 and 18 of MARPOL Annex VI and any other laws or regulations relating to bunker specification and bunkering procedures applicable in any areas to which the vessel is ordered.

Charterers warrant that they will supply bunkers:

of sufficient quantity and quality to enable the vessel to meet the emission control and other requirements of Regulations 14 and 18 of MARPOL Annex VI and any other laws or regulations relating to bunker specification and bunkering procedures applicable in any areas to which the vessel is ordered, and

in accordance with the specifications in the latest version of ISO 8217 as at the time of supply and any other specifications contained elsewhere in this charter party.

Charterers further warrant that all bunker suppliers shall comply with the requirements of MARPOL Annex VI and MEPC96(47) in respect of sampling and the provision of a bunker delivery notes and, where bunkers are supplied in a state where MARPOL Annex VI is in force, that suppliers shall be registered in accordance therewith.

Bunker Emission Clause for time charters


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IMO Guidelines for PSCO adopted at MEPC53 emission control and other requirements of Regulations 14 and 18 of MARPOL Annex VI and any other laws or regulations relating to bunker specification and bunkering procedures applicable in any areas to which the vessel is ordered.

Initial inspections and Primary survey parameters – then “Clear Grounds” required for in-depth inspections

“In depth” inspection parameters

Detainable deficiencies

Non-Party ship inspections

Port State Control


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EIAPP Cert. And Technical File for each D/E emission control and other requirements of Regulations 14 and 18 of MARPOL Annex VI and any other laws or regulations relating to bunker specification and bunkering procedures applicable in any areas to which the vessel is ordered.

Record of Engine Parameters

Manual for onboard direct measurement and monitoring (if applicable)

Official Log Book

Operation manual of Vapour collection system

Operation manual for Incinerator

Bunker Delivery Note - Ship’s Note to Flag States – reports on non-compliance

Onboard certificates & documentation


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ANNEX VI OF MARPOL - REGULATIONS emission control and other requirements of Regulations 14 and 18 of MARPOL Annex VI and any other laws or regulations relating to bunker specification and bunkering procedures applicable in any areas to which the vessel is ordered.

NOx Emissions; Regulation 13

SOx Emissions; Regulation 14

Fuel Quality requirements - Regulation 18

The Bunker Delivery Note (BDN)

Bunker Sampling Procedure and Method to comply with Regulation 18

The Bunker Manifold Construction and Location

Prescribed sampling methods or system

Method for sub-sampling for Retention sample

Retention Sample Storage

NECESSARY ALTERATIONS TO MEET ANNEX VI REQUIREMENTS

Pre-bunkering meeting and check list

Sampling and Measurement procedures

Post-bunkering documentation process

INTERTANKO Guide to bunkering of ships for the purposes of Annex VI to MARPOL, June 2004


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MEPC 53 – July 2005 decided to open Annex VI for revision emission control and other requirements of Regulations 14 and 18 of MARPOL Annex VI and any other laws or regulations relating to bunker specification and bunkering procedures applicable in any areas to which the vessel is ordered.

Possible revisions on:

World and SECA sulphur cap

New SECAs

Lower NOx limits

Possible new requirements:

Include limits for PM

Require specific technologies to contain VOCs

MARPOL Annex VIfuture developments/amendments


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EU Sulphur Directive emission control and other requirements of Regulations 14 and 18 of MARPOL Annex VI and any other laws or regulations relating to bunker specification and bunkering procedures applicable in any areas to which the vessel is ordered.

2000 – if used, MGO/MDO max. 0.2% sulphur content

2010 – as Annex VI + use of 0.1% sulphur content fuels for ships ”at berth”

EU to promote its policies to IMO but will go its way if IMO too slow or not receptive to new proposals

USA

Federal - EPA

State legislations

Regional Requirements


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