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LAFCo Municipal Service Review: Utility Services. Stakeholders’ Workshop September 13, 2005 By Burr Consulting CDM Braitman & Associates Maps by P&D Consultants b.d. spatial systems. MSR Requirements and Process Utility MSR Overview Government Structure Options. Water Sewer

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lafco municipal service review utility services

LAFCo Municipal Service Review: Utility Services

Stakeholders’ Workshop

September 13, 2005


Burr Consulting


Braitman & Associates

Maps by

P&D Consultants

b.d. spatial systems

MSR Requirements and Process

Utility MSR Overview

Government Structure Options



Flood Control & Stormwater

Solid Waste

Resource Conservation

the new legislative mandate
The New Legislative Mandate
  • Upon determination of a sphere of influence, the commission shall adopt that sphere, and shall review and update, as necessary, the adopted sphere not less than once every five years.

- Government Code §56425

  • In order to prepare and update spheres of influence in accordance with Section 56425, the Commission shall conduct a service review of the municipal services provided in the county or other appropriate area designated by the commission.

- Government Code §56430

legislation requires lafco to make determinations on
Infrastructure needs or deficiencies,

Growth and population projections for the affected area,

Financing constraints and opportunities,

Cost avoidance opportunities,

Opportunities for rate restructuring,

Opportunities for shared facilities,

Government structure options, including advantages of consolidation or reorganization of service providers,

Evaluation of management efficiencies, and

Local accountability and governance.

Legislation Requires LAFCo to Make Determinations on:
utility msr services








Flood Control


Solid Waste

Trash Collection



Resource Conservation

Utility MSR Services
utility msr public service providers
Utility MSR Public Service Providers

* Multi-County Agency Blue = SOI Update after Utility MSR

utility msr data sources

Requests for Information 2003

Service-specific questions

Agency Documents



Bond Statements


Master Plans


Regulatory Agencies


EPA, Homeland Security

Regional Agencies







Moody’s, S&P


Utility MSR Data Sources
initial government structure options
Subject to LAFCo Approval

Dissolution of Livermore-Amador Valley Sewer Study CSA

Consolidation of ACWD and USD

Consolidation of OLSD and CVSD

Special district formation for stormwater treatment purposes is an option for long-term consideration

Resource conservation district annexation of territory to make the district’s boundary countywide

Annexation of adjacent unincorporated areas to the cities of Hayward, Livermore and Pleasanton

Not Subject to LAFCo Approval

Regionalization through formation of JPAs for various regional services, such as desalination, storage, water reliability, and recycled water projects

Annexation of the cities of Berkeley and Albany to an ACFCD zone


Regionalization and service consolidation among smaller agencies

MSR recommends that LAFCo evaluate out-of-area service (since 2000)

MSR recommends that LAFCo review incentives for city annexation and encourage solutions

Initial Government Structure Options
water services initial findings
Water Supply

EBMUD Mokelumne River supplies vulnerable to drought

State Water Project supplies vulnerable to contaminants and seawater intrusion

SFPUC supplies vulnerable to earthquakes

Recycled Water Supply


EBDA & Livermore

Water Services Initial Findings

Water Demand

  • 156 gallons per capita daily
  • Inland areas use more
  • Highest growth expected in Tri-Valley area
  • Demand increase from 264,439 acre-feet in 2005 to 286,514 by 2020

Service Adequacy

  • Castlewood practices minimal conservation
  • Water health and monitoring violations
water services initial findings continued
Facility Needs & Deficiencies

SFPUC seismic upgrades & pipeline inspection

Pleasanton demineralization

Infrastructure in Hayward islands

New Zone 7 WTP in Altamont

Opportunities for Shared Facilities

CCWD’s Los Vaqueros Reservoir

SFPUC - Desalination

Water Services Initial Findings (continued)

Rate Restructuring & Financing Opportunities

  • Increase water service & connection charges
  • Charge higher rates on high use levels to encourage conservation
  • Implement excess use charges, demand-based rates or seasonal rates

Financing Constraints

  • Temporary State-imposed reductions of property taxes
water services initial policy options
Government Structure Options

Consolidation of ACWD and USD

Regionalization of various water services

Water ServicesInitial Policy Options

SOI Options

  • ACWD and Zone 7 SOI – Boundary Overlap
  • DSRSD – Doolan Road
  • EBMUD – Include northern cities in SOI
wastewater services initial findings
Service Outside Bounds

CVSD – nursing facility, regional park and golf course

Hayward – incorporated islands and Hayward Hills

OLSD – Floresta Gardens in San Leandro and portion of Hayward

Livermore – Unincorporated areas, LLNL, Sandia National Lab, & Ruby Hill in Pleasanton

Pleasanton – Castlewood CSA

Berkeley – Perimeter connections in Oakland and Albany

Septic Areas

Prohibited in Happy Valley, Sycamore, Alisal, and the Lomitas Vineyard

Allowed if sewer is not available

Less than 1% of households

Service Demand

Rapid growth: DSRSD, Livermore, USD

Capacity issues


Wastewater ServicesInitial Findings
wastewater services initial findings continued
Service Adequacy

DSRSD, Livermore and EBDA have exceeded effluent limitations

Most collection providers conduct CCTV inspection of sewer lines

Financing Opportunities

Increase sewer service charges, connection fees, reserves, State revolving loans and bonded debt

Opportunities for Rate Restructuring

Charge rates based on flow to promote conservation

Wastewater Services Initial Findings (continued)

Infrastructure Needs

  • Collection Systems: Alameda, Albany, Berkeley, Emeryville, Oakland, & Piedmont under RWQCB order
  • Disposal Capacity: Tri-Valley
  • Treatment Capacity: OLSD/CVSD under RWQCB order

Opportunities for Shared Facilities

  • EBMUD is interested in sharing excess treatment capacity
wastewater services initial policy options
SOI Options


Retain existing SOI

Expansion (2 options)


Reduce existing SOI

Expansion (1 option)

Retain existing SOI


USD – Keep existing

Sewer Study CSA – Zero SOI

Government Structure Options

Dissolve Livermore-Amador Valley Sewer Study CSA

Consolidate OLSD and CVSD

Wastewater Services Initial Policy Options
flood control stormwater initial findings
Service Scope

Flood control: maintain and operate regional runoff collection, conveyance and discharge systems

Stormwater: maintain and operate local drainage systems

Service Demand

Increased impervious surface in the Tri-Valley area is resulting in increased runoff and greater service demand

Rate Restructuring & Financing Opportunities

ACA 13 would enhance revenue

Increase development plan review and permitting fees

Impose fees to cover discharge inspection costs

Infrastructure Needs or Deficiencies

Zone 7 arroyos need capacity enhancement

Channel capacity enhancements needed in flood-prone areas of San Leandro, Fremont and Pleasanton

Unfunded Army Corps projects for Laguna Creek, Estudillo Canal and Arroyo de la Laguna

Flood Control & Stormwater Initial Findings